Authors:
Olle Persson Inforsk, Department of Sociology, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden

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Wolfgang Glänzel Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Steunpunt O&O Statistieken, Dekenstraat 2, B-3000 Leuven, Belgiume-mail: Wolfgang.Glanzel@econ.kuleuven.ac.be

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Rickard Danell Inforsk, Department of Sociology, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden

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Abstract

Several research studies and reports on national and European science and technology indicators have recently presented figures reflecting intensifying scientific collaboration and increasing citation impact in practically all science areas and at all levels of aggregation. The main objective of this paper is twofold, namely first to analyse if the number or weight of actors in scientific communication has increased, if patterns of documented scientific communication and collaboration have changed in the last two decades and if these tendencies have inflationary features. The second question is concerned with the role of scientific collaboration in this context. In particular, the question will be answered to what extent co-authorship and publication activity, on one hand, and co-authorship and citation impact, on the other hand, do interact. The answers found to these questions have strong implication for the application of bibliometric indicators in research evaluation, moreover, the construction of indicators applied to trend analyses and studies based on medium-term or long-term observations have to be reconsidered to guarantee the validity of conclusions drawn from bibliometric results.

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  • Ding, Y. Foo, S. Chowdhury, G. 1999 A bibliometric analysis of collaboration in the field of information retrieval The International Information & Library Review 30 367376.

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  • GlÄnzel, W. De Lange, C. 1997 Modelling and measuring multilateral co-authorship in international scientific collaboration. Part II. A comparative study on the extent and change of international scientific collaboration links Scientometrics 40 3 605626.

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  • GlÄnzel, W. 2001 National characteristics in international scientific co-authorship Scientometrics 51 1 69115.

  • GlÄnzel, W. 2002 Co-authorship patterns and trends in the sciences (1980–1998). A bibliometric study with implications for database indexing and search strategies Library Trends 50 3 461473.

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  • GÓmez, I. FernÁndez, M. T. MÉndez, A. 1995 Collaboration patterns of Spanish scientific publications in different research areas and disciplines Koenig, M. E. D. Bookstein, A. (eds.) Proceedings of the Biennial Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics Learned Inf. Medford, NJ 187196.

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  • REIST-2. 1997 The European Report on Science and Technology Indicators 1997 European Commission Brussels.

  • Van Raan, A. F. J. 1998 The influence of international collaboration on the impact of research results — Some simple mathematical considerations concerning the role of self-citations Scientometrics 42 3 423428.

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Scientometrics
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1978
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0138-9130 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2861 (Online)