Authors:
Joaquín M. Azagra-Caro INGENIO, (CSIC-UPV), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia Camino de Vera s/n, 46071 Valencia, Spain Camino de Vera s/n, 46071 Valencia, Spain

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Alfredo Yegros-Yegros INGENIO, (CSIC-UPV), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia Valencia (Spain) Valencia (Spain)

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Fragiskos Archontakis INGENIO, (CSIC-UPV), Universidad Politécnica de Valencia Valencia (Spain) Valencia (Spain)

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Summary  

We estimate the determinants of university patents by route in Spain. National patents are an indicator of R&D efforts when we focus on the region, but not of how regions organize their university or joint research structure. International patents are a stronger indicator of R&D efforts, so they express confidence in the potential of the patent. Neither set is an indicator of proximity to the region's competencies in technologies other than for production-intensive sectors, so they will not always foster regional technology transfer. Since the driving forces of national and international patents differ, the use of both is recommended.

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Scientometrics
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1978
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0138-9130 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2861 (Online)