Authors:
Julie Callaert K.U.Leuven, Faculteit ETEW Research Division INCENTIM Naamsestraat 69 3000 Leuven Belgium Naamsestraat 69 3000 Leuven Belgium

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Bart Van Looy K.U.Leuven, Faculteit ETEW Research Division INCENTIM Leuven Belgium Leuven Belgium

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Arnold Verbeek K.U.Leuven, Steunpunt O&O Statistieken Leuven Belgium Leuven Belgium

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Koenraad Debackere K.U.Leuven, Faculteit ETEW Research Division INCENTIM Leuven Belgium Leuven Belgium

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Bart Thijs K.U.Leuven, Steunpunt O&O Statistieken Leuven Belgium Leuven Belgium

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Summary  

The recent developments towards more systemic conceptualizations of innovation dynamics and related policies highlight the need for indicators that mirror the dynamics involved. In this contribution, we assess the role that 'non-patent references', found in patent documents, can play in this respect. After examining the occurrence of these references in the USPTO and EPO patent systems, their precise nature is delineated by means of a content analysis of two samples of nonpatent references (n=10,000). Our findings reveal that citations in patents allow developing nontrivial and robust indicators. The majority of all non-patent references are journal references, which provide ample possibilities for large-scale analyses focusing on the extent to which technological developments are situated within the vicinity of scientific knowledge. Application areas, limitations and directions for future research are discussed.

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Scientometrics
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1978
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0138-9130 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2861 (Online)