Author: D. Chubin
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  • 1 Technology and Society Cornell University Program on Science 14853 Ithaca NY (USA) 14853 Ithaca NY (USA)
  • | 2 Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta Technology and Science Policy Program School of Social Sciences 30332 GA (USA) 30332 GA (USA)
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Abstract  

A ten-year perspective on studies of scientific specialties-theory, method, and focus-from the social studies of science literature is presented. The inspirationprovided byPrice's work on invisible colleges andCrane's 1972 monograph of the same name is traced conceptually through the history, philosophy, and sociology of science. A decade later the literature on specialties is seen to aspire to interdisciplinary knowledge of scientific growth, fragmentation, consolidation, and supersession.