This paper presents a methodology for measuring the technical efficiency of research activities. It is based on the application
of data envelopment analysis to bibliometric data on the Italian university system. For that purpose, different input values
(research personnel by level and extra funding) and output values (quantity, quality and level of contribution to actual scientific
publications) are considered. Our study aims at overcoming some of the limitations connected to the methodologies that have
so far been proposed in the literature, in particular by surveying the scientific production of universities by authors’ name.