University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Facoltà di Ingegneria, Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Impresa Laboratory for Studies of Research and Technology Transfer, School of Engineering, Department of Management Via del Politecnico 1 00133 Roma Italia
The literature dedicated to the analysis of the difference in research productivity between the sexes tends to agree in indicating
better performance for men. Through bibliometric examination of the entire population of research personnel working in the
scientific-technological disciplines of Italian university system, this study confirms the presence of significant differences
in productivity between men and women. The differences are, however, smaller than reported in a large part of the literature,
confirming an ongoing tendency towards decline, and are also seen as more noticeable for quantitative performance indicators
than other indicators. The gap between the sexes shows significant sectorial differences. In spite of the generally better
performance of men, there are scientific sectors in which the performance of women does not prove to be inferior.