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  • 1 University of Leiden Research Policy and Science Studies Unit, Bureau Universiteit P.O. Box 9500 2300 RA Leiden (The Netherlands) P.O. Box 9500 2300 RA Leiden (The Netherlands)
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A comparison is made between two types of research past performance analysis: the results of bibliometric-indicators and the results of peer judgement. This paper focuses on two case studies: the work of Dutch National Survey Committees on Chemistry and on Biology, both compared with our bibliometric results for research groups in these disciplines at the University of Leiden. The comparison reveals a serious lack of agreement between the two types of past performance analysis. This important, science-policy relevant observation is discussed in this paper.