In this study we show that it is possible to identify top-cited publications other than Web of Science (WoS) publications,
particularly non-journal publications, within fields in the social and behavioral sciences. We analyzed references in publications
that were themselves highly cited, with at least one European address. Books represent between 62 (psychology) and 81% (political
science) of the non-WoS references, journal articles 15–24%. Books (economics, political science) and manuals (psychology)
account for the most highly cited publications. Between 50 (psychology, political science) and 71% (economics) of the top-ranked
most cited publications originated from the US versus between 18 (economics) and 38% (psychology) from Europe. Finally, it
is discussed how the methods and procedures of the study can be optimized.