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  • 1 Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies (OST), Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche sur la Science et la Technologie (CIRST), Université du Québec à Montréal, CP 8888, Succ. Centre-ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3P8, Canada
  • | 2 School of Library and Information Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
  • | 3 Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • | 4 Life-Science-Governance research platform, Department of Political Science, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
  • | 5 Direction de l'Analyse et de la Recherche Institutionnelle, Université du Québec (UQSS), Quebec, QC, Canada
  • | 6 Direction des Politiques et Analyses, Ministère du Développement Économique, de l'Innovation et de l'Exportation, Quebec, QC, Canada
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Abstract

Using the entire population of professors at universities in the province of Quebec (Canada), this article analyzes the relationship between sex and research funding, publication rates, and scientific impact. Since age is an important factor in research and the population pyramids of men and women are different, the role of age is also analyzed. The article shows that, after they have passed the age of about 38, women receive, on average, less funding for research than men, are generally less productive in terms of publications, and are at a slight disadvantage in terms of the scientific impact (measured by citations) of their publications. Various explanations for these differences are suggested, such as the more restricted collaboration networks of women, motherhood and the accompanying division of labour, women's rank within the hierarchy of the scientific community and access to resources as well as their choice of research topics and level of specialization.

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Scientometrics
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1978
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0138-9130 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2861 (Online)