View More View Less
  • 1 Institute for System Analysis and Computer Science, National Research Council of Italy, Viale Manzoni 30, 00185, Roma, Italy
  • 2 Laboratory for Studies of Research and Technology Transfer, Department of Management, School of Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Via del Politecnico 1, 00133, Rome, Italy, dangelo@dii.uniroma2.it, fulvio.viel@uniroma2.it
Restricted access

Abstract

The study presents a time-series analysis of field-standardized average impact of Italian research compared to the world average. The approach is purely bibliometric, based on census of the full scientific production from all Italian public research organizations active in 2001–2006 (hard sciences only). The analysis is conducted both at sectorial level (aggregated, by scientific discipline and for single fields within disciplines) and at organizational level (by type of organization and for single organizations). The essence of the methodology should be replicable in all other national contexts. Its offers support to policy-makers and administrators for strategic analysis aimed at identifying strengths and weaknesses of national research systems and institutions.

  • Abramo, G, D'Angelo, CA 2007 Measuring science: Irresistible temptations, easy shortcuts and dangerous consequences. Current Science 93 6 762766.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Abramo, G, D'Angelo, CA 2011 National-scale research performance assessment at the individual level. Scientometrics 86 2 347364 .

  • Abramo, G, D'Angelo, CA, Di Costa, F 2008 Assessment of sectoral aggregation distortion in research productivity measurements. Research Evaluation 17 2 111121 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Abramo, G, D'Angelo, CA, Di Costa, F 2010 Testing the trade-off between productivity and quality in research activities. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 61 1 132140.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun, T, Glänzel, W, Grupp, H 1995 The scientometric weight of 50 nations in 27 science areas, 1989–1993. Part I e II. Scientometrics 33 3 263293 .

  • Dosi, G, Llerena, P, Labini, MS 2006 The relationships between science, technologies and their industrial exploitation: an illustration through the myths and realities of the so-called ‘European Paradox’. Research Policy 35 10 14501464 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ingwersen P. (2009). Brazil research in selected scientific areas: Trends 1981-2005. In Proceedings of ISSI 2009-12th international conference of the international society for scientometrics and informetrics (Vol. 2, pp. 692696). Rio de Janeiro: ISSI.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • King, DA 2004 The scientific impact of nations. Nature 430:311316 .

  • Leydesdorff, L, Wagner, C 2009 Is the United States losing ground in science? A global perspective on the world science system. Scientometrics 78 1 2336 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • May, RM 1997 The scientific wealth of nations. Science 275:793796 .

  • Moed, HF 2005 Citation analysis in research evaluation Springer Dordrecht ISBN: 978–1-4020–3713-9.

  • Moed, HF, Buger, WJ, Franfort, JG AFJ van Raan 1985 The use of bibliometric data for the measurement of university research performance. Research Policy 14 3 131149 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Moed, HF, Glänzel, W, Schmoch, U 2004 Handbook of quantitative science and technology research: the use of publication and patent statistics in studies of S & T systems Springer Dordrecht.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Radicchi, F, Fortunato, S, Castellano, C 2008 Universality of citation distributions: Toward an objective measure of scientific impact. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105 45 1726817272 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TN Van Leeuwen Visser, MS, Moed, HF, Nederhof, TJ AFJ van Raan 2003 The Holy Grail of science policy: exploring and combining bibliometric tools in search of scientific excellence. Scientometrics 57 2 257280 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation