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  • 1 National Agricultural Library, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Abraham Lincoln Building, 10301 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705-2351, USA
  • | 2 National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 800 Ninth St., S.W., Washington, DC 20024, USA
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Abstract

This article presents for the first time a portrait of intramural research conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). We describe the nature, characteristics, and use of USDA research based on scientometric indicators using patent analysis and three bibliometric methods: publication analysis, citation analysis, and science mapping. Our analyses are intended to be purely descriptive in nature. They demonstrate that USDA maintains several core scientific competencies and its research is much broader than and reaches well beyond traditional agricultural sciences for which it is best known. We illustrate the current status, recent trends, and clear benchmarks for planning and assessing future USDA research across an array of scientific disciplines.

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