Authors:
Liming Liang Institute for Science, Technology and Society, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, China lynnchenlixin@gmail.com

Search for other papers by Liming Liang in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Lixin Chen Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu, China

Search for other papers by Lixin Chen in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Yishan Wu Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China, Beijing, China wuyishan@istic.ac.cnjunpengyuan@gmail.com

Search for other papers by Yishan Wu in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Junpeng Yuan Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China, Beijing, China wuyishan@istic.ac.cnjunpengyuan@gmail.com

Search for other papers by Junpeng Yuan in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Abstract

In this paper the role of Chinese universities in enterprise–university research collaboration is investigated. This study focuses on a special aspect of the collaboration—co-authored articles. The two cases are analyzed: (1) research collaboration between Baosteel Group Corporation and Chinese universities; (2) research collaboration between China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation and Chinese universities. The co-authorship data over the period 1998–2007 were searched from CNKI database, the largest Chinese publication and citation database. The main findings are as follows: the number of articles co-authored by enterprise and university scientists has been increasing rapidly; the share of co-authored articles has been growing; the authors from universities are more possible to be the first authors; as a whole, enterprise–university co-authored articles tend to receive more citations and get downloaded more frequently; a mathematical orientation emerges in the enterprise–university articles. To reveal and describe such a trend the methods of keywords analysis and co-occurrence analysis are applied. The Chinese government's policy instruments and substantial supports for pushing and improving enterprise–university research collaboration are introduced and analyzed.

  • Beaver, D, Rosen, R 1978 Studies in scientific collaboration: Part 1. The professional origins of scientific co-authorship. Scientometrics 1 1 6584 .

  • Beaver, D, Rosen, R 1978 Studies in scientific collaboration: Part 2. Scientific co-authorship, research productivity and visibility in the French scientific elite 1799–1830. Scientometrics 1 2 133149 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Beaver, D, Rosen, R 1979 Studies in scientific collaboration: Part 3. Professionalization and the natural history of modern scientific co-authorship. Scientometrics 1 3 231245 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Belkhodja, O, Landry, R 2007 The Triple-Helix collaboration: Why do researchers collaborate with industry and the government? What are the factors that influence the perceived barriers?. Scientometrics 70 2 301332 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Danell, R, Persson, O 2003 Regional R&D activities and interactions in the Swedish Triple Helix. Scientometrics 58 2 205218 .

  • D’Este, P, Patel, P 2007 University–industry linkages in the UK: What are the factors underlying the variety of interactions with industry?. Research Policy 36 9 12951313 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Egghe, L 1991 Theory of collaboration and collaborative measures. Information Processing & Management 27 2–3 177202 .

  • Etzkowitz, H, Leydesdorff, L 1995 The Triple Helix—University–industry–government relations: A laboratory for knowledge based economic development. EASST Review 14:1419.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Etzkowitz, H, Leydesdorff, L 2000 The dynamics of innovation: From National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of university–industry–government relations. Research Policy 29 2 109123 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Furukawa, T, Shirakawa, N et al. 2011 Quantitative analysis of collaborative and mobility networks. Scientometrics 87 3 451466 .

  • Gibbons, M, Limoges, C et al. 1994 The new production of knowledge: The dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies Sage London, UK.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Halilem, N, Amara, N et al. 2011 Is the academic Ivory Tower becoming a managed structure? A nested analysis of the variance in activities of researchers from natural sciences and engineering in Canada. Scientometrics 86 2 431448 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Havemann, F. & Katz, J. COLLNET and virtual collaboration. http://www.collnet.de/. Accessed 28 Sep 2010.

  • Katz, JS, Martin, BR 1997 What is research collaboration?. Research Policy 26:118 .

  • Kretschmer, H, Liang, LM, Kundra, R 2001 Foundation of a global interdisciplinary research network (COLLNET) with Berlin as the virtual centre. Scientometrics 52 3 531537 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Laudel, G 2001 Collaboration, creativity and rewards: Why and how scientists collaborate. International Journal of Technology Management 22 8 762781 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leydesdorff, L 2000 The triple helix: An evolutionary model of innovations. Research Policy 29 2 243255 .

  • Leydesdorff, L, Dolfsma, W et al. 2006 Measuring the knowledge base of an economy in terms of triple-helix relations among ‘technology, organization, and territory’. Research Policy 35 2 181199 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leydesdorff, L, Meyer, M 2010 The decline of university patenting and the end of the Bayh-Dole effect. Scientometrics 83 2 355362 .

  • Leydesdorff, L, Rafols, I 2011 Local emergence and global diffusion of research technologies: An exploration of patterns of network formation. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 62 5 846860 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Liang, LM, Guo, YZ, Davis, M 2002 Collaborative patterns and age structures in Chinese publications. Scientometrics 54 3 473489 .

  • Liang, LM, Kretschmer, H, Guo, YZ, Beaver, D 2001 Age structure of scientific collaboration in Chinese computer science. Scientometrics 52 3 471486 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Liang, LM, Liu, JW, Rousseau, R 2004 Name order patterns of graduate candidates and supervisors in Chinese publications: A case study of three major Chinese universities. Scientometrics 61 1 318 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Liang, L. M., Zhang, L., Kretschmer, H., & Scharnhorst, A. (2006). Geographical and lingual preferences in scientific collaboration of the European Union (1994-2003). In Proceedings of international workshop on webometrics, informetrics and scientometrics & seventh COLLNET meeting, pp. 147156, May 2006, Nancy, France.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Liang, LM, Zhu, L 2002 Major factors affecting China's inter-regional research collaboration: Regional scientific productivity and geographical proximity. Scientometrics 55 2 287316 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lundvall, 1992 National Systems of Innovation Pinter London.

  • Nelson, RR 1993 National Innovation Systems: A comparative study Oxford University Press New York.

  • Rudy, A, Ten Eyck, TA 2006 Institutional and/versus commercial media coverage: Representations of the University of California, Berkeley–Novartis agreement. Public Understanding of Science 15 3 343358 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • The Legal Information Center of Peking University (in Chinese). (2010). Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http://www.lawinfochina.com/.

  • The Ministry of Personnel. (2000). Announcement about approving 62 companies to establish post-doctoral research station (in Chinese). Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http://www.51labour.com/LawCenter/lawshow-30397.html.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • The Ministry of Science and Technology. (2007). The first batch of four industrial technology innovation and strategic alliances, introduction (in Chinese). Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http://www.most.gov.cn/jscxgc/jscxdtxx/200706/t20070619_50541.htm.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • The National Medium- and Long-Term Program for Science and Technology Development (in Chinese). (2010). Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http://www.gov.cn/jrzg/2006-02/09/content_183787.htm.

  • Wang, Y, Wu, YS, Pan, YT, Ma, Z, Rousseau, R 2005 Scientific collaboration in China as reflected in co-authorship. Scientometrics 62 2 183198 .

  • Yin, LC, Kretschmer, H, Hanneman, RA et al. 2006 Connection and stratification in research collaboration: An analysis of the COLLNET network. Information Processing & Management 42 6 15991613 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Collapse
  • Expand

To see the editorial board, please visit the website of Springer Nature.

Manuscript submission: http://www.editorialmanager.com/scim/

For subscription options, please visit the website of Springer Nature.

Scientometrics
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1978
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0138-9130 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2861 (Online)