View More View Less
  • 1 School of Management, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People's Republic of China
  • | 2 School of Management, Graduate University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, People's Republic of China
Restricted access

Abstract

Nanotechnology is a promising research domain with potential and enormous economic value. It is widely acknowledged that nanotechnology, as an emerging and rapidly evolving field with the multidisciplinary nature, is perceived as proximate fields of science and technology. This study provides a further description of the relationship between science and technology at macro-level. The core objective in this paper is to qualify and assess the dynamic associations between scientific activity and technological output. We attempt to illustrate how science and technology relate one another in the case of innovation system. In this paper, we take advantage of the simultaneous equations model to analyze the reciprocal dependence between science and technology. Previous studies about the relationship between science and technology infrequently adopt this model. Our result shows that there is no significant connection between R&D expenditures and actual practices of research in terms of publications and patents for the universities in zone 1 and 2. Our results provoke questions about whether policy-makers should appropriately reallocate scientific and technological resources and other R&D expenditures so as to obtain optimal allocation for resource and achieve maximum results with little effort for scientific research and innovation performance.

  • Albert, M 2003 Universities and the market economy: The differential impact on knowledge production in sociology and economics. Higher Education 45 2 147182 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Auranen, O, Nieminen, M 2010 University research funding and publication performance—an international comparison. Research Policy 39:822834 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bai, CL 2005 Ascent of nanoscience in China. Science 309 5731 6163 .

  • Becker, B., & Pain, N. (2003). What Determines Industrial R&D Expenditure in the UK? National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) discussion paper 211.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bernardes, A, Albuquerque, E 2003 Cross-over, thresholds and interaction between science and technology: Lessons for less-developed countries. Research Policy 32 5 865885 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bradford, SC 1934 Sources of information on specific subjects. Engineering 137:8586.

  • Braun, T, Schubert, A, Zsindely, S 1997 Nanoscience and nanotechnology on the balance. Scientometrics 38 2 321325 .

  • Brusoni, S, Prencipe, A, Pavitt, K 2001 Knowledge specialization, organizational coupling, and the boundaries of the firm: Why do firms know more than they make?. Administrative Science Quarterly 46 4 597621 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Butler, L 2003 Explaining Australia's increased share of ISI publications—the effects of a funding formula based on publication counts. Research Policy 32 1 143155 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Carpenter, MP, Cooper, M, Narin, F 1980 Linkage between basic research and patents. Research Management 23:3035.

  • Chaves, CV, Moro, S 2007 Investigating the interaction and mutual dependence between science and technology. Research Policy 36:12041220 .

  • Cohen, WM, Levinthal, DA 1990 Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly 35:128152 .

  • Da Luz, MP, Marques-Portella, C, Mendlowicz, M, Gleiser, S, Coutinho, ES, Figueira, I 2008 Institutional h-index: The performance of a new metric in the evaluation of Brazilian psychiatric post-graduation programs. Scientometrics 77 2 361368 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Debackere, K, Veugelers, R 2005 The role of academic technology transfer organizations in improving industry science link. Research Policy 34:321342 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dosi, G 1988 Sources, procedures and microeconomic effects of innovation. Journal of Economic Literature 27:11261171.

  • Etzkowitz, H, Leydesdorff, L 1997 Universities and the global knowledge economy: A triple helix of university-industry-government relations Cassell Academic London.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Evenson, R, Kislev, Y 1975 Agricultural research and productivity Yale University Press New Haven.

  • Evenson, R, Kislev, Y 1976 A stochastic model of applied research. Journal of Political Economy 84 2 265281 .

  • Fleming, L, Sorenson, O 2004 Science as a map in technological search. Strategic Management Journal 25 8–9 909928 .

  • Geuna, A 1999 The economics of knowledge production: Funding and the structure of university research Edward Elgar Cheltenham.

  • Geuna, A, Nesta, LJJ 2006 University patenting and its effects on academic research: The emerging European evidence. Research Policy 35 6 790807 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Griliches, Z 1990 Patent statistics as economic indicators: A survey. Journal of Economic Literature 28 4 16611707.

  • Grossman, G, Helpman, E 1991 Quality ladders in the theory of growth. Review of Economic Studies 58 1 4361 .

  • Grupp, H 1994 The dynamics of science-based innovation reconsidered: Cognitive models and statistical findings O Granstrand eds. Economics of technology Elsevier Amsterdam 223251.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Grupp, H 1996 Spillover effects and the science-based of innovations reconsidered: An empirical approach. Journal of Evolutionary Economics 6:175197 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Grupp, H, Schmoch, U 1992 Perception of scientification of innovation as measured by referencing between patents and paper-dynamics in science-based fields of technology H Grupp eds. Dynamics in science-based innovation Springer Berlin 73128.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Guan, JC, Ma, N 2007 China's emerging presence in nanoscience and nanotechnology: A comparative bibliometric study of several nanoscience ‘giants’. Research Policy 36 6 880886 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Guan, JC, Wang, GB 2010 A comparative study of research performance in nanotechnology for China's inventor–authors and their non-inventing peers. Scientometrics 84:331343 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hassan, M 2005 Small things and big changes in the developing world. Science 309 5731 6566 .

  • Hausman, J, Hall, B, Griliches, Z 1984 Econometric models for count data with an application to the patents-R&D relationship. Econometrica 52:909938 .

  • Hullmann, A, Meyer, M 2003 Publications and patents in nanotechnology: An overview of previous studies and the state of the art. Scientometrics 58 3 507527 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jin, B, Rousseau, R, Sun, X 2005 Key labs and open labs in the Chinese scientific research system: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation indicators. Research Evaluation 14 2 103109 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Klevorick, A, Levin, R, Nelson, R, Winter, S 1995 On the sources and significance of inter-industry differences in technological opportunities. Research Policy 24:185205 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kline, SJ, Rosenberg, N 1986 An overview of innovation R Laudan N Rosenberg eds. The positive sum strategy, harnessing technology for economic growth National Academy Press Washington 275306.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kondo, M 1990 Japanese R&D in robotics and genetic engineering J Sigurdson eds. Measuring the dynamics of technological change Pinter London 130145.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Krahmer, M, Schmoch, U 1998 Science-based technologies: University-industry interactions in four fields. Research Policy 27:835851 .

  • Kumaresan, N, Miyazaki, K 1999 An integrated network approach to systems of innovation: The case of robotics in Japan. Research Policy 28:563585 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Laudel, G 2006 The art of getting funded: How scientists adapt to their funding conditions. Science and Public Policy 33 7 489504 .

  • Leydesdorff, L, Meyer, M 2003 The triple helix of university-industry-government relations. Scientometrics 58 2 191203 .

  • Leydesdorff, L, Zhou, P 2005 Are the contribution of China and Korea upsetting the world system of science?. Scientometric 63 3 617630 .

  • Leydesdorff, L, Zhou, P 2007 Nanotechnology as a field of science: Its delineation in terms of journals and patents. Scientometrics 70 3 693713 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mcmillan, S, Narin, F, Deeds, D 2000 An analysis of the critical role of public science in innovation: The case of biotechnology. Research Policy 29:18 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Meyer, M 2006 Are patenting scientists the better scholars? An exploratory comparison of inventor–authors with their non-inventing peers in nanoscience and technology. Research Policy 35 10 16461662 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Meyer, M, Debackere, K, Glanzel, W 2010 Can applied science be ‘good science’? Exploring the relationship between patent citations and citation impact in nanoscience. Scientometrics 85 2 527539 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ministry of Education. (1999). The regulation regarding the protection and management of intellectual properties in higher education institutions. Act 3, No. 8120.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mogoutov, A, Kahane, B 2007 Data search strategy for science and technology emergence: A scalable and evolutionary query for nanotechnology tracking. Research Policy 36 6 893903 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mowery, DC 1983 Industrial research and firm size, survival, and growth in American manufacturing, 1921–1946: An assessment. Journal of Economic History 43 4 953980 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Narin, F, Breitzman, A 1995 Inventive productivity. Research Policy 24:507519 .

  • Narin, F, Noma, E 1985 Is technology becoming science?. Scientometrics 7:369381 .

  • Nelson, R 1982 The role of knowledge in R&D efficiency. Quarterly Journal of Economics 97:453470 .

  • Nelson, R, Rosenberg, N 1993 Technical innovation and national systems R Nelson eds. National innovation systems: A comparative analysis Oxford University Press Oxford 321.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nightingale, P 1998 A cognitive model of innovation. Research Policy 27:689702 .

  • Palmberg, C., Dernis, H., & Miguet, C. 2009 Nanotechnology: An overview based on indicators and statistics [EB/OL]. OECD Science, Technology and Industry working papers, 2009/7. OECD Publishing. doi: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Porter, AL, Youtie, J, Shapira, P, Schoeneck, DJ 2008 Refining search terms for nanotechnology. Journal of Nanoparticle Research 10 5 715728 .

  • Price, DJD 1965 Is technology historically independent of science—a study in statistical historiography. Technology and Culture 6 4 553568 .

  • Rao, IKR, Srivastava, D 2010 Growth of journals, articles and authors in malaria research. Journal of Informetrics 4 3 249256 .

  • Rip, A 1992 Science and technology as dancing partners P Kroes M Bakker eds. Technological development and science in the industrial age Kluwer Dordrecht 231270.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rosenberg, N 1982 How exogenous is science? N Rosenberg eds. Inside the black box: Technology and economics Cambridge University Cambridge, MA 141159.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sampson, R 2004 The cost of misaligned governance in R&D alliances. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 20:484526 .

  • Schilling, MA, Phelps, CC 2007 Interfirm collaboration networks: The impact of large-scale network structure on firm innovation. Management Science 53 7 11131126 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schmoch, U 1997 Indicators and the relations between science and technology. Scientometrics 38:103116 .

  • Schummer, J 2004 Multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity, and patterns of research collaboration in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Scientometrics 59 3 425465 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stankiewics, R 1992 Technology as an autonomous, socio-cognitive system H Grupp eds. Dynamics of science based innovation Springer Berlin 1944.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stefano, B, Christian, C 2010 Tracing the links between science and technology: An exploratory analysis of scientists’ and inventors’ networks. Research Policy 39:1426 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stuart, TE 2000 Interorganizational alliances and the performance of firms: A study of growth and innovation rates in a high technology industry. Strategic Management Journal 21:791812 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tseng, FM, Hsieh, CH, Peng, YN, Yi-Wei Chua, YW 2011 Using patent data to analyze trends and the technological strategies of the amorphous silicon thin-film solar cell industry. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 78 2 332345 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vanlooy, B et al. 2003 Do science–technology interactions pay off when developing technology? An exploratory investigation of 10 science-intensive technology domains. Scientometrics 57 3 355367 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vanlooy, B et al. 2006 Scientific capabilities and technological performance of national innovation systems: An exploration of emerging industrial relevant. Scientometrics 66 2 295310 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wang, GB, Guan, JC 2010 The role of patenting activity for scientific research: A study of academic inventors from China's nanotechnology. Journal of Informetrics 4:338350 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wong, CY, Goh, KL 2009 Modeling the dynamics of science and technology diffusion of selected Asian countries using a logistic growth function. Asian Journal of Technology Innovation 17 1 75100 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wong, CY, Goh, KL 2010 Modeling the behaviour of science and technology: Self-propagating growth in the diffusion process. Scientometrics 84:669686 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zhao, W, Watanabe, C 2008 A comparison of institutional systems affecting software advancement in China and India: The role of outsourcing from Japan and the US. Technology in Society 30:429436 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ziman, J 1996 “Post-academic science”: Constructing knowledge with networks and norms. Science Studies 9 1 6780.

  • Zitt, M, Bassecoulard, E 2006 Delineating complex scientific fields by an hybrid lexical-citation method: An application to nanosciences. Information Processing & Management 42 6 15131531 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Manuscript submission: http://www.editorialmanager.com/scim/

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.867
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 1.210
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 106
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q1 Computer Science Apllications
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q1 Library and Information Sciences
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q1 Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.770
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 1.113
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 95
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q1 Library and Information Sciences
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q1 Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

For subscription options, please visit the website of Springer

Scientometrics
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1978
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0138-9130 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2861 (Online)