View More View Less
  • 1 Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, William Guild Building, Aberdeen, AB24 2UB, Scotland, UK
  • | 2 School of Biology, University of Liverpool, UK
  • | 3 Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
Restricted access

Abstract

Although it is well-established that generalized face preferences influence a wide range of social outcomes, little is known about the proximate mechanisms through which such preferences develop. In two experiments we show that preferences for composites of faces that had been seen paired with an aversive auditory stimulus were significantly weaker than preferences for composites of faces that had been seen paired with a relatively neutral auditory stimulus, demonstrating that the valence of participants’ experiences with individual faces influences preferences for novel, physically similar faces. While previous findings for experience with faces on subsequent preferences have emphasized the positive effects of familiarity on attraction to novel, physically similar faces, here we emphasize the effects of the valence of peoples’ experiences and show that negative experiences can decrease preferences for familiar configurations of facial cues.

  • T. Bereczkei P. Gyuris P. Koves L. Bernath 2002 Homogamy, genetic similarity, and imprinting; parental influence on mate choice preferences Personality and Individual Differences 33 677 690.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • T. Bereczkei P. Gyuris G. E. Weisfeld 2004 Sexual imprinting in human mate choice Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 271 1129 1134.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • G. Buckingham L. M. Debruine A. C. Little L. L. M. Welling C. A. Conway B. P. Tiddeman B. C. Jones 2006 Visual adaptation to masculine and feminine faces influences generalized preferences and perceptions of trustworthiness Evolution and Human Behavior 27 381 389.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • L. M. DeBruine 2005 Trustworthy but not lust-worthy: Context-specific effects of facial resemblance Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 272 919 922.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M. R. Delgado A. Olsson E. A. Phelps 2006 Extending animal models of fear conditioning to humans Biological Psychology 73 39 48.

  • C. Hermann S. Ziegler N. Birbaumer H. Flor 2002 Psychophysiological and subjective indicators of aversive pavlovian conditioning in generalized social phobia Biological Psychiatry 52 328 337.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • T. Hill P. Lewicki M. Czyzewska G. Schuller 1990 The role of learned inferential encoding rules in the perception of faces — Effects of nonconscious self-perpetuation of a bias Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 26 350 371.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • H. Hoffmann E. Janssen S. L. Turner 2004 Classical conditioning of sexual arousal in women and men: Effects of varying awareness and biological relevance of the conditioned stimulus Archives of Sexual Behavior 33 43 53.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • B. C. Jones D. I. Perrett A. C. Little L. Boothroyd R. E. Cornwell D. R. Feinberg et al. 2005 Menstrual cycle, pregnancy and oral contraceptive use alter attraction to apparent health in faces Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 272 347 354.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. H. Langlois L. Kalakanis A. J. Rubenstein A. Larson M. Hallam M. Smoot 2000 Maxims or myths of beauty? A meta-analytic and theoretical review Psychological Bulletin 126 390 423.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. A. Leopold G. Rhodes K.-M. Müller L. Jeffery 2005 The dynamics of visual adaptation to faces Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 272 897 904.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. C. Little L. M. Debruine B. C. Jones 2005 Sex-contingent face aftereffects suggest distinct neural populations code male and female faces Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 272 2283 2287.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. C. Little I. S. Penton-Voak D. M. Burt D. I. Perrett 2003 Investigating an imprinting-like phenomenon in humans: Partners and opposite-sex parents have similar hair and eye colour Evolution and Human Behavior 24 1 43 51.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. C. Little D. M. Burt I. S. Penton-Voak D. I. Perrett 2001 Self-perceived attractiveness influences human female preferences for sexual dimorphism and symmetry in male faces Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 268 39 44.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. Mazur A. Booth 1998 Testosterone and dominance in men Behavioral and Brain Science 21 353 363.

  • I. S. Penton-Voak D. I. Perrett D. L. Castles T. Kobayashi D. M. Burt L. K. Murray R. Minamisawa 1999 Menstrual cycle alters face preference Nature 399 741 742.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. I. Perrett I. S. Penton-Voak A. C. Little B. P. Tiddeman D. M. Burt R. Oxley L. Barrett 2002 Facial attractiveness judgements reflect learning of parental age characteristics Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 269 873 880.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. I. Perrett K. J. Lee I. S. Penton-Voak D. R. Rowland S. Yoshikawa D. M. Burt S. P. Henzi D. L. Castles S. Akamatsu 1998 Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness Nature 394 884 887.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • G. Rhodes J. Halberstadt L. Jeffery R. Palermo 2005 The attractiveness of average faces is not a generalized mere exposure effect Social Cognition 23 205 217.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • G. Rhodes L. Jeffery T. L. Watson C.W.G. Clifford K. Nakayama 2003 Fitting the mind to the world: Face adaptation and attractiveness aftereffects Psychological Science 14 558 566.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. Rowland D. I. Perrett 1995 Manipulating facial appearance through shape and color IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 15 70 76.

  • Tiddeman, B. P., Perrett, D. I. and Burt, D. M. (2001): Prototyping and transforming facial textures for perception research. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Research 21, 4250.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Toddrank D. Byrnes A. Wrzniewski P. Rozin 1995 Odors can change preferences for people in photographs — A cross-modal evaluative conditioning study with olfactory USS and visual CS Learning and Motivation 26 116 140.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jan 2021 12 0 0
Feb 2021 3 0 0
Mar 2021 3 0 0
Apr 2021 3 0 0
May 2021 4 0 0
Jun 2021 4 0 0
Jul 2021 0 0 0