View More View Less
  • 1 Bucknell University, Lewisburg, USA
  • 2 Department of Psychology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, 17837, USA
Restricted access

Abstract

Evolutionary theory based research has examined how sexual access and emotional access affect mate selection. However, evolutionary theory based research has not examined how deficits in sexual access and emotional access affect relationship termination decisions. The present research sought to fill this void with two studies examining the questions of whether or not: a lack of sexual access is more likely to lead men to end a relationship, and whether or not a lack of emotional access is more likely to lead women to end a relationship. Based on prior research investigating divorce, sexual infidelity, and male and female mate selection preferences, men were expected to be more likely to end a relationship due to a lack of sexual access while women were expected to be more likely to end a relationship due to a lack of emotional access. The results were consistent with the hypothesis for women. Both men and women were more likely to terminate their relationships due to lack of emotional access. These results are discussed in terms of parental investment concerns, commitment loss, and prior research.

  • T.R. Alley 2000 Variation in optimal human mating strategies: Effects of individual differences in competence and self-regulatory mechanisms Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 587 588.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • L. Betzig 1989 Causes of conjugal dissolution: A cross-cultural study Current Anthropology 30 654 676.

  • D.M. Buss 2006 Strategies of human mating Psychological Topics 15 2 239 260.

  • D.M. Buss 1997 Sexual strategies theory: Historical origins and current status Journal of Sex Research 34 19 31.

  • D.M. Buss 1989 Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 1 49.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D.M. Buss 1988 Love acts: The evolutionary biology of love R. Sternberg M. Barnes The Psychology of Love Yale University Press New Haven 100 118.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D.M. Buss R.J. Larsen D. Westen J. Semmelroth 1992 Sex differences in jealousy: Evolution, physiology, and psychology Psychological Science 3 4 251 255.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • S.W. Gangestad J. A. Simpson 2000 The evolution of human mating: Trade-offs and strategic pluralism Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 537 644.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D.C. Geary M.C. Desoto M.K. Hoard M.S. Sheldon M.L. Cooper 2001 Estrogens and relationship jealousy Human Nature 12 4 299 320.

  • A.E. Greer D.M. Buss 1994 Tactics for promoting sexual encounters The Journal of Sex Research 31 3 185 201.

  • H. Greiling D.M. Buss 2000 Women's sexual strategies: The hidden dimension of extrapair mating Personality and Individual Differences 28 929 963.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • C. R. Harris 2003 A review of sex differences in sexual jealousy, including self-report data, psychophysiological responses, interpersonal violence, and morbid jealousy Personality and Social Psychology Review 7 102 128.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D.J. Kruger M.L. Fisher 2008 Women's life history attributes are associated with preferences in mating relationships Evolutionary Psychology 6 2 289 302.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M.A. Landolt M.L. Lalumiere V.L. Quinsey 1995 Sex differences in intra-sex variations in human mating tactics: An evolutionary approach Ethology and Sociobiology 16 3 23.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J.E. Scheib S. W. Gangestad R. Thornhill 1997 Facial attractiveness, symmetry and cues of good genes Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 266 1431 1913 1917.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D.P. Schmitt D.M. Buss 2001 Human mate poaching: Tactics and temptations for infiltrating existing mateships Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 80 894 917.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • T.K. Shackelford D. M. Buss K. Bennett 2002 Forgiveness or breakup: Sex differences in responses to a partner's infidelity Cognition & Emotion 16 299 307.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. Strahan K. C. Gerbasi 1972 Short, homogeneous versions of the Marlowe-Crowne social desirability scale Journal of Clinical Psychology 28 191 193.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. Trivers 1972 Parental investment and sexual selection B. Campbell Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man: 1871–1971 Aldine Chicago 136 179.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • T.J. Wade K. Fowler 2006 Sex differences in responses to sexual and emotional infidelity: Considerations of rival attractiveness and financial status Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology 4 1 39 52.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

No Evolutionist is an Island

A review of Kevin N. Laland and Gillian R. Brown (2011) Sense and Nonsense. Evolutionary perspectives of human behaviour Oxford: Oxford University Press. 270 pages, ISBN: 978-0-19-958696-7