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  • 1 Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
  • 2 University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
  • 3 Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University, 3800 Woodward Avenue, Suite 808, Detroit, MI, 48201, USA
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Abstract

Men and women estimated the prevalence of extra-pair paternity within the United States under exposure to two social influence manipulations. In addition, extra-pair paternity was framed to either emphasize potential harm to men (i.e., nonpaternity) or women (i.e., polygyny). Among men, perceived nonpaternity and polygyny were both lowest when estimates were personally identifiable (i.e., non-anonymous) and intended for a female audience. Although women's nonpaternity estimates were unaffected by social influence, perceived polygyny was lowest among women when estimates were personally identifiable and intended for a male audience. In general, this research suggests that sex differences in perceived extra-pair paternity may stem from the use of strategic impression management tactics, while also suggesting that sex differences in prevalence estimates may reflect more than comparatively lower awareness among men.

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