Authors:
Maryanne FisherSt. Mary's University, Halifax, Canada
Department of Psychology, St. Mary's University, 923 Robie Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 3C3, Canada

Search for other papers by Maryanne Fisher in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Anthony CoxCentre for Psychology and Computing, Dartmouth, Canada

Search for other papers by Anthony Cox in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Abstract

Female competitor derogation has been found to involve evaluations of facial attractiveness, such that women are more likely to derogate other women when they are most fertile (Fisher 2004). However, the ultimate purpose of this derogation remains unknown. In this article, we explore the possibility that women's derogations of rivals will influence potential mates, such that derogatory comments cause men to lower their attractiveness judgments of the rivals. Moreover, given that attractive women should be more preferred as mates by men, we investigate how a woman's facial attractiveness can affect her ability to influence men's perceptions. Our results indicate that the type of statements one makes significantly influences ratings of attractiveness, and that derogations by an attractive woman are more effective in their ability to influence men's evaluations of female facial attractiveness than are derogations by an unattractive woman. These effects do not hold for women, who are not significantly swayed by the attractiveness of the derogator. Several directions for future research are presented.

  • R. Barker 1942 The social interrelations of strangers and acquaintances Sociometry 5 169 179.

  • S. Bochner T. van Zyl 1985 Desirability ratings of 110 personality-trait words Journal of Social Psychology 125 459 465.

  • V. Burbank 1987 Female aggression in cross-cultural perspective Behavior Science Research 21 70 100.

  • V. Burbank 1994 Fighting Women: Anger and Aggression in Aboriginal Australia University of California Press Los Angeles.

  • D. Buss 1988 The evolution of human intrasexual competition: Tactics of mate attraction Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 54 616 628.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. Buss 1989 Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 1 49.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. Buss L. Dedden 1990 Derogation of competitors Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 7 395 422.

  • A. Cox M. Fisher 2008 A framework for exploring intrasexual competition. Special Issue: Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Meeting of the NorthEastern Evolutionary Psychology Society Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology 2 4 144 155.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • C. Darwin 1871 The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex John Murray London.

  • D. E. Everhart J. Shucard T. Quatrin D. Shucard 2001 Sex-related differences in event-related potentials, face recognition, and facial affect processing in prepubertal children Neuropsychology 15 329 341.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. Feingold 1991 Sex difference in the effects of similarity and physical attractiveness on opposite-sex attraction Basic and Applied Social Psychology 12 357 367.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M. Fisher 2004 Female intrasexual competition decreases female facial attractiveness Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Biology Supplement 271 S283 S285.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • S. Ferguson H. Horan A. Ferguson 1998 As others see the United States: A view for Canada Y. Kamalipour Images of the U.S. Around the World: A Multicultural Perspective State University of New York Press Albany, NY 157 178.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • S. Geldart D. Maurer H. Henderson 1999 Effects of the height of the internal features of faces on adults’ aesthetic ratings and 5-month-olds’ looking times Perception 28 839 850.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • P. Gilbert 1989 Human Nature and Suffering Lawrence Erlbaum Mahwah, NJ.

  • J. Hebert Y. Ma L. Clemow I. Ockene G. Saperia E. Stanek P. Merriam J. Ockene 1997 Gender differences in social desirability and social approval bias in dietary self-report American Journal of Epidemiology 146 1046 1055.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • S. Hrdy 1999 The Women that Never Evolved Harvard University Press Cambridge, MA.

  • B. Jones A. Little L. Boothroyd L. Debruine D. Feinberg M. Law Smith R. Cornwell F. Moore D. Perrett 2005 Commitment to relationships and preferences for femininity and apparent health in faces are strongest on days of the menstrual cycle when progesterone level is high Hormones and Behavior 48 283 290.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Maner M. Gailliot D. Rouby S. Miller 2007 Can't take my eyes off you: Attentional adhesion to mates and rivals Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 93 389 401.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. Moreland R. Zajonc 1982 Exposure effects in person perception: Familiarity, similarity, and attraction Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 18 395 415.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • L. Penke P. Todd A. Lenton B. Fasolo 2007 How self-assessments can guide human mating decisions G. Geher G. Miller Mating Intelligence: New Insights into Intimate Relationships, Human Sexuality, and the Mind's Reproductive System Lawrence Erlbaum Mahwah, NJ 37 75.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • V. Quinsey M. Ketsetzis C. Earls A. Karamanoukian 1996 Viewing time as a measure of sexual interest Ethology and Sociobiology 17 341 354.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. Schmitt D. Buss 1996 Strategic self-promotion and competitor derogation: Sex and content effects on the perceived effectiveness of mate attraction tactics Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 70 1185 1204.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. Srivers 1972 Parental investment and sexual selection B. Campbell Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man: 1871–1971 Aldine Chicago, IL 136 179.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vukovic, J., Jones, B., DeBruine, L., Little, A., Feinberg, D. & Welling, L. (in press): Circum-menopausal changes in women's face preferences. Biology Letters.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • S. Walters C. Crawford 1994 The importance of mate attraction for intrasexual competition in men and women Ethology and Sociobiology 15 5 30.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • K. White D. Lehman 2005 Culture and social comparison seeking: The role of self-mo ves Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 31 232 242.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • G. Williams 1966 Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionry Thought Princeton University Press Princeton, NJ.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • L. Williams M. Fisher A. Cox 2008 The impact of sexual history and desired relationship duration on evaluations of attractiveness and recall Journal of Evolutionary Psychology 6 1 23.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Collapse
  • Expand

Journal of Evolutionary Psychology 
Language English
Size  
Year of
Foundation
2007 (2003)
Publication
Programme
changed title
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1789-2082 (Print)
ISSN 2060-5587 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2022 12 0 0
Jul 2022 12 0 0
Aug 2022 16 0 0
Sep 2022 28 0 0
Oct 2022 16 0 0
Nov 2022 28 0 0
Dec 2022 8 0 0