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  • 1 2nd Department of Bacteriology, National Center for Epidemiology, Budapest, Hungary
  • 2 Móricz Zs. u. 6/B, H-2013, Pomáz, Hungary
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Abstract

Based on findings from recent literature and their own laboratory experiences, the author summarizes the clinical manifestations, diagnostic possibilities and the tools of prevention of neonatal Chlamydia trachomatis infection, where a potential or a verified role of pathogen is emphasized. The definitive diagnosis is complicated by the common phenomenon of asymptomatic, undiagnosed maternal infection, as well as by the need for adequate sample-collection and targeted screening techniques. There are only estimated data regarding the incidence of neonatal Chlamydia trachomatis infection, however we do have the diagnostic tests to identify the affected neonates, who generally may have only a mild-moderate manifestation of infection in the case of an early treatment. Focussed screening efforts should be made to reduce the number of infected pregnant women and thereby the vertical rate of transmission.

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