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  • 1 Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
  • 2 Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, USA
  • 3 Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Semmelweis University, Kútvölgyi út 4, H-1125, Budapest, Hungary
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Abstract

Patients undergoing vascular surgery are at increased risk for perioperative cardiac complications related to the frequent prevalence of underlying coronary artery disease. Cardiac evaluation and noninvasive tests may often identify patients at increased cardiac risk in whom coronary angiography is often considered with subsequent coronary revascularization for the purpose of improving perioperative and long-term cardiac outcomes. However, there has been controversy as to the indications and efficacy for type of revascularization and how coronary revascularization may add to the effect of optimized medical therapy for the reduction of cardiac complications. The aim of this review is to summarize the role of preoperative coronary revascularization in the reduction of perioperative cardiac complications in patients with coronary artery disease undergoing major vascular surgery.

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