View More View Less
  • 1 Eng. A.B. Research Chair for Growth Factors and Bone Regeneration, 3D Imaging and Biomechanical Laboratory, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 2 Department of Dentistry, Al-Farabi Dental College, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 3 Department of Dentistry, Vita Salute University, San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy
  • 4 Department of Dental Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
Restricted access

Abstract

A secure implant primary (mechanical) stability is positively associated with a successful implant integration and long-term successful clinical outcome. Therefore, it is essential to assess the initial stability at different time-points to ensure a successful osseointegration. The present study critically reviews the factors that may play a role in achieving a successful initial stability in dental implants. Databases were searched from 1983 up to and including October 2013 using different combinations of various keywords. Bone quality and quantity, implant geometry, and surgical technique adopted may significantly influence primary stability and overall success rate of dental implants.

  • 1. PI Branemark 1983 Osseointegration and its experimental background J Prosthet Dent 50 399 410.

  • 2. RM de Freitas C Susin R Spin-Neto C Marcantonio UME Wikesjö LAVD Pereira E Marcantonio Jr 2013 Horizontal ridge augmentation of the atrophic anterior maxilla using rhBMP-2/ACS or autogenous bone grafts: A proof-of-concept randomized clinical trial J Clin Periodontol 40 968 975.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. F Javed GE Romanos 2009 Impact of diabetes mellitus and glycemic control on the osseointegration of dental implants: a systematic literature review J Periodontol 80 1719 1730.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. GE Romanos 2003 Treatment of advanced periodontal destruction with immediately loaded implants and simultaneous bone augmentation: a case report J Periodontol 74 255 261.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. M Penarrocha A Boronat B Garcia 2009 Immediate loading of immediate mandibular implants with a full-arch fixed prosthesis: a preliminary study J Oral Maxillofac Surg 67 1286 1293.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. GE Romanos CB Johansson 2005 Immediate loading with complete implant-supported restorations in an edentulous heavy smoker: Histologic and histomorphometric analyses Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 20 282 290.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. GE Romanos T Testori M Degidi A Piattelli 2005 Histologic and histomorphometric findings from retrieved, immediately occlusally loaded implants in humans J Periodontol 76 1823 1832.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. A Beer A Gahleitner A Holm M Tschabitscher P Homolka 2003 Correlation of insertion torques with bone mineral density from dental quantitative CT in the mandible Clin Oral Implants Res 14 616 620.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. AN Natali EL Carniel PG Pavan 2009 Investigation of viscoelastoplastic response of bone tissue in oral implants press fit process J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 91 868 875.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. G Greenstein J Cavallaro G Romanos D Tarnow 2008 Clinical recommendations for avoiding and managing surgical complications associated with implant dentistry: A review J Periodontol 79 1317 1329.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11. JE Davies 1998 Mechanisms of endosseous integration Int J Prosthodont 11 391 401.

  • 12. F Javed K Almas 2010 Osseointegration of dental implants in patients undergoing bisphosphonate treatment: A literature review J Periodontol 81 479 484.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13. GE Romanos 2009 Bone quality and the immediate loading of implants — Critical aspects based on literature, research, and clinical experience Implant Dent 18 203 209.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14. J Roos L Sennerby T Albrektsson 1997 An update on the clinical documentation on currently used bone anchored endosseous oral implants Dent Update 24 194 200.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15. RA Jaffin CL Berman 1991 The excessive loss of Branemark fixtures in type IV bone: A 5-year analysis J Periodontol 62 2 4.

  • 16. C Ulm M Kneissel A Schedle P Solar M Matejka B Schneider K Donath 1999 Characteristic features of trabecular bone in edentulous maxillae Clin Oral Implants Res 10 459 467.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17. I Herrmann U Lekholm S Holm C Kultje 2005 Evaluation of patient and implant characteristics as potential prognostic factors for oral implant failures Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 20 220 230.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18. T Jemt V Stenport 2011 Implant treatment with fixed prostheses in the edentulous maxilla. Part 2: Prosthetic technique and clinical maintenance in two patient cohorts restored between 1986 and 1987 and 15 years later Int J Prosthodont 24 356 362.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19. T Jemt V Stenport B Friberg 2011 Implant treatment with fixed prostheses in the edentulous maxilla. Part 1: Implants and biologic response in two patient cohorts restored between 1986 and 1987 and 15 years later Int J Prosthodont 24 345 355.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20. R Jacobs 2003 Preoperative radiologic planning of implant surgery in compromised patients Periodontol 2000 33 12 25.

  • 21. JA Shibli C Mangano F Mangano JA Rodrigues A Cassoni K Bechara JD Ferreia AM Dottore G Iezzi A Piattelli 2013 Boneto-implant contact around immediately loaded direct laser metalforming transitional implants in human posterior maxilla J Periodontol 84 732 737.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22. R Lazzara AA Siddiqui P Binon SA Feldman R Weiner R Phillips A Gonshor 1996 Retrospective multicenter analysis of 3i endosseous dental implants placed over a five-year period Clin Oral Implants Res 7 73 83.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23. RB Johns T Jemt MR Heath JE Hutton S McKenna DC McNamara D van Steenberghe R Taylor RM Watson I Herrmann 1992 A multicenter study of overdentures supported by Branemark implants Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 7 513 522.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24. I Turkyilmaz TF Tozum C Tumer 2007 Bone density assessments of oral implant sites using computerized tomography J Oral Rehabil 34 267 272.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25. I Turkyilmaz EA McGlumphy 2008 Influence of bone density on implant stability parameters and implant success: A retrospective clinical study BMC Oral Health 8 32.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26. I Miyamoto Y Tsuboi E Wada H Suwa T Iizuka 2005 Influence of cortical bone thickness and implant length on implant stability at the time of surgery — Clinical, prospective, biomechanical, and imaging study Bone 37 776 780.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27. D Schwartz-Arad N Samet 1999 Single tooth replacement of missing molars: A retrospective study of 78 implants J Periodontol 70 449 454.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28. JP Becktor SE Eckert S Isaksson EE Keller 2002 The influence of mandibular dentition on implant failures in bone-grafted edentulous maxillae Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 17 69 77.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29. I Turkyilmaz TF Tozum C Tumer EN Ozbek 2006 Assessment of correlation between computerized tomography values of the bone, and maximum torque and resonance frequency values at dental implant placement J Oral Rehabil 33 881 888.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30. S Lee B Gantes M Riggs M Crigger 2007 Bone density assessments of dental implant sites: 3. Bone quality evaluation during osteotomy and implant placement Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 22 208 212.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31. M Al-Askar R O'Neill PC Stark T Griffin F Javed K Al-Hezaimi 2013 Effect of single and contiguous teeth extractions on alveolar bone remodeling: A study in dogs Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 15 569 575.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32. M Shahlaie B Gantes E Schulz M Riggs M Crigger 2003 Bone density assessments of dental implant sites: 1. Quantitative computed tomography Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 18 224 231.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33. GE Romanos CG Toh CH Siar H Wicht H Yacoob GH Nentwig 2003 Bone-implant interface around titanium implants under different loading conditions: a histomorphometrical analysis in the Macaca fascicularis monkey J Periodontol 74 1483 1490.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 34. L Chong A Khocht JB Suzuki J Gaughan 2009 Effect of implant design on initial stability of tapered implants J Oral Implantol 35 130 135.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35. CP Delaunay AI Kapandji 1997 Acetabular screw rings and surface treatment Clin Orthop Relat Res 130 141.

  • 36. J Teerlinck M Quirynen P Darius D van Steenberghe 1991 Periotest: an objective clinical diagnosis of bone apposition toward implants Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 6 55 61.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 37. WJ Dhert CC Verheyen LH Braak JR de Wijn CP Klein K de Groot PM Rozing 1992 A finite element analysis of the push-out test: Influence of test conditions J Biomed Mater Res 26 119 130.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 38. CA Shapoff 2002 Clinical advantages of tapered root form dental implants Compend Contin Educ Dent 23 42 44.

  • 39. D O'Sullivan L Sennerby N Meredith 2004 Influence of implant taper on the primary and secondary stability of osseointegrated titanium implants Clin Oral Implants Res 15 474 480.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 40. DA Garber H Salama MA Salama 2001 Two-stage versus onestage — is there really a controversy? J Periodontol 72 417 421.

  • 41. S Guizzardi C Galli D Martini S Belletti A Tinti M Raspanti P Taddei A Ruggeri R Scandroglio 2004 Different titanium surface treatment influences human mandibular osteoblast response J Periodontol 75 273 282.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 42. M Franchi B Bacchelli G Giavaresi V De Pasquale D Martini M Fini R Giardino A Ruggeri 2007 Influence of different implant surfaces on peri-implant osteogenesis: Histomorphometric analysis in sheep J Periodontol 78 879 888.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 43. R Crespi P Capparé E Gherlone GE Romanos 2008 Immediate versus delayed loading of dental implants placed in fresh extraction sockets in the maxillary esthetic zone: A clinical comparative study Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 23 753 758.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 44. V Borsari G Giavaresi M Fini P Torricelli A Salito R Chiesa L Chiusoli A Volpert L Rimondini R Giardino 2005 Physical characterization of different-roughness titanium surfaces, with and without hydroxyapatite coating, and their effect on human osteoblast-like cells J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 75 359 368.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 45. AA Veis S Papadimitriou P Trisi AT Tsirlis NA Parissis JN Kenealy 2007 Osseointegration of Osseotite® and machined-surfaced titanium implants in membrane-covered critical-sized defects: A histologic and histometric study in dogs Clin Oral Implants Res 18 153 160.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 46. M Hallman 2001 A prospective study of treatment of severely resorbed maxillae with narrow nonsubmerged implants: Results after 1 year of loading Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 16 731 736.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 47. M Degidi D Nardi A Piattelli 2009 Immediate restoration of small-diameter implants in cases of partial posterior edentulism: A 4-year case series J Periodontol 80 1006 1012.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 48. S Hansson M Werke 2003 The implant thread as a retention element in cortical bone: The effect of thread size and thread profile: a finite element study J Biomech 36 1247 1258.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 49. GE Romanos GH Nentwig 2009 Immediate functional loading in the maxilla using implants with platform switching: Five-year results Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 24 1106 1112.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 50. B Friberg A Ekestubbe D Mellström L Sennerby 2001 Brånemark implants and osteoporosis: A clinical exploratory study Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 3 50 56.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 51. B Friberg A Ekestubbe L Sennerby 2002 Clinical outcome of Brånemark system implants of various diameters: A retrospective study Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 17 671 677.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 52. RB Summers 1994 A new concept in maxillary implant surgery: The osteotome technique Compendium 15 152.

  • 53. R Crespi P Capparè E Gherlone GE Romanos 2007 Immediate occlusal loading of implants placed in fresh sockets after tooth extraction Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 22 955 962.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 54. E Hui J Chow D Li J Liu P Wat H Law 2001 Immediate provisional for single-tooth implant replacement with Brånemark system: Preliminary report Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 3 79 86.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 55. M Lorenzoni C Pertl K Zhang G Wimmer WA Wegscheider 2003 Immediate loading of single-tooth implants in the anterior maxilla. Preliminary results after one year Clin Oral Implants Res 14 180 187.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 56. J Olive C Aparicio 1990 Periotest method as a measure of osseointegrated oral implant stability Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 5 390 400.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 57. P Trisi G Perfetti E Baldoni D Berardi M Colagiovanni G Scogna 2009 Implant micromotion is related to peak insertion torque and bone density Clin Oral Implants Res 20 467 471.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 58. YT Sul CB Johansson Y Jeong A Wennerberg T Albrektsson 2002 Resonance frequency and removal torque analysis of implants with turned and anodized surface oxides Clin Oral Implants Res 13 252 259.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 59. AS Ertugrul Y Tekin NZ Alpaslan A Bozoglan H Sahin A Dikilitas 2013 Comparison of peri-implant crevicular fluid levels of adrenomedullin and human beta defensins 1 and 2 from mandibular implants with different implant stability quotient levels in nonsmoker patients J Periodontal Res.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 60. R Ramakrishna S Nayar 2007 Clinical assessment of primary stability of endosseous implants placed in the incisor region, using resonance frequency analysis methodology: An in vivo study Indian J Dent Res 18 168 172.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 61. CH Hammerle D van Steenberghe 2006 The first EAO Consensus Conference 16–19 February 2006, Pfaffikon, Switzerland Clin Oral Implants Res 17 Suppl2 1.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 62. SM Perren 2002 Evolution of the internal fixation of long bone fractures. The scientific basis of biological internal fixation: Choosing a new balance between stability and biology J Bone Joint Surg Br 84 1093 1110.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 63. PK Chang YC Chen CC Huang WH Lu YC Chen HH Tsai 2012 Distribution of micromotion in implants and alveolar bone with different thread profiles in immediate loading: A finite element study Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 27 e96 101.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 64. S Sakka P Coulthard 2011 Implant failure: Etiology and complications Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 16 e42 44.

  • 65. RM Pilliar JM Lee C Maniatopoulos 1986 Observations on the effect of movement on bone ingrowth into porous-surfaced implants Clin Orthop Relat Res 108 113.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 66. JB Brunski 1993 Avoid pitfalls of overloading and micromotion of intraosseous implants Dent Implantol Update 4 77 81.

  • 67. K Søballe ES Hansen H Brockstedt-Rasmussen C Bünger 1993 Hydroxyapatite coating converts fibrous tissue to bone around loaded implants J Bone Joint Surg Br 75 270 278.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 68. F Javed GE Romanos 2010 The role of primary stability for successful immediate loading of dental implants. A literature review J Dent 38 612 620.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

2019  
Scimago
H-index
11
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,220
Scimago
Quartile Score
Medicine (miscellaneous) Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
155/133=1,2
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
General Medicine 199/529 (Q2)
Scopus
SNIP
0,343
Scopus
Cites
206
Scopus
Documents
23

 

Founder and Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
Address: H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Responsible publisher: Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2061-1617 (Print)
ISSN 2061-5094 (Online)