View More View Less
  • 1 CONICET-Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral Laboratorio Ecotono, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente 1250 (8400) Bariloche Argentina
Restricted access

There are two main methods for estimating seed density and species composition of soil seed banks: manual seed extraction and seedling emergence. These methods were used to determine and compare seed density and species composition in the soil of a natural grassland in Patagonia. Additionally, known amounts of seeds of different sizes from Patagonian grassland species were mixed with soil to evaluate the efficiency of the seed extraction method, and determine their recovery percentage. Seed density found in the grassland soil with the extraction method was four times higher than that found with the seedling emergence method. Through the use of these two methods, there was very little overlap found in species composition. Small seeds (< 1 mm) were only found with the seedling emergence method, whereas the seeds of species with specific germination requirements were found with the seed extraction method. Seed recovery of grassland species varied from 2.5% for smaller seeds (Erophila verna) to 100% for larger seeds (Rumex acetosella) with the seed extraction method. This method was more effective in detecting seeds of large-seeded species. Discrepancies in seed detection between both methods may be related to seed dormancy, specific germination requirements, seed size and mass. These two methods are necessary to describe seed density and seed bank composition.

  • Ball, D.A. and S.D. Miller. 1989. A comparison of techniques for estimation of arable soil seedbanks and their relationship to weed flora. Weed Res. 29:365–373.

    Miller S.D. , 'A comparison of techniques for estimation of arable soil seedbanks and their relationship to weed flora ' (1989 ) 29 Weed Res. : 365 -373.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Baskin, C.C. and J.M. Baskin.1998. Seed Ecology, Biogeography and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. Academic Press, San Diego.

    Baskin J.M. , '', in Seed Ecology, Biogeography and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. , (1998 ) -.

  • Bernhardt, K.G., M. Koch, M. Kropf, E. Ulbel and J. Webhofer. 2008. Comparison of two methods characterizing the seed bank of amphibious plants in submerged sediments. Aquatic Bot. 88:171–177.

    Webhofer J. , 'Comparison of two methods characterizing the seed bank of amphibious plants in submerged sediments ' (2008 ) 88 Aquatic Bot : 171 -177.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Borza, J.K., P.R. Westerman and M. Liebman. 2007. Comparing estimates of seed viability in three foxtail (Setaria) species using the imbibed seed crush test with and without additional tetrazolium testing. Weed Technology 21:518–522.

    Liebman M. , 'Comparing estimates of seed viability in three foxtail (Setaria) species using the imbibed seed crush test with and without additional tetrazolium testing ' (2007 ) 21 Weed Technology : 518 -522.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Brown, D. 1992. Estimating the composition of a forest seed bank: a comparison of the seed extraction and seedling emergence methods. Can. J. Bot. 70:1063–1612.

    Brown D. , 'Estimating the composition of a forest seed bank: a comparison of the seed extraction and seedling emergence methods ' (1992 ) 70 Can. J. Bot. : 1063 -1612.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Correa, M.N. 1969–1999. Flora patagónica. Varios Volúmenes, Colección Cíentfica INTA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

    Correa M.N. , '', in Flora patagónica , (1969 ) -.

  • de Villiers, A. J., M.W. Van Rooyen and G.K. Theran. 1994. Comparison of two methods for estimating the size of the viable seed bank of two plant communities in the Strandveld of the west coast, South Africa. South Afr. J. Bot. 60:81–84.

    Theran G.K. , 'Comparison of two methods for estimating the size of the viable seed bank of two plant communities in the Strandveld of the west coast, South Africa ' (1994 ) 60 South Afr. J. Bot. : 81 -84.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ferrandis, P., J.M. Herranz and J.J. Martínez-Sánchez. 1999. Fire impact on a maquis soil seed bank in Cabañeros National Park (Central Spain). Israel J. Plant Sci. 47:17–26.

    Martínez-Sánchez J.J. , 'Fire impact on a maquis soil seed bank in Cabañeros National Park (Central Spain) ' (1999 ) 47 Israel J. Plant Sci. : 17 -26.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ghermandi, L. 1992. Caracterización del banco de semillas de una estepa en el noroeste de la Patagonia. Ecol. Austral. 2:39–46.

    Ghermandi L. , 'Caracterización del banco de semillas de una estepa en el noroeste de la Patagonia ' (1992 ) 2 Ecol. Austral. : 39 -46.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ghermandi, L. and S. Gonzalez. 2009. Diversity and functional groups dynamics affected by drought and fire in Patagonian grasslands. Ecoscience 16:408–417.

    Gonzalez S. , 'Diversity and functional groups dynamics affected by drought and fire in Patagonian grasslands ' (2009 ) 16 Ecoscience : 408 -417.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gonzalez, S. and L. Ghermandi. 2008. Postfire seed bank dynamics on semiarid grasslands. Plant Ecol. 199:175–185.

    Ghermandi L. , 'Postfire seed bank dynamics on semiarid grasslands ' (2008 ) 199 Plant Ecol. : 175 -185.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gonzalez, S., J. Franzese and L. Ghermandi. 2010. Role of fire on Patagonian grasslands: changes in aboveground vegetation and soil seed bank. In: M. Haider and T. Müller (eds.), Advances in Environmental Research. Vol. II. Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge, NY. pp. 243–264.

    Ghermandi L. , '', in Advances in Environmental Research. Vol. II , (2010 ) -.

  • Gross, K.L. 1984. Effects of seed size and growth form on seedling establishment of six monocarpic perennial plants. J. Ecol. 72:369–387.

    Gross K.L. , 'Effects of seed size and growth form on seedling establishment of six monocarpic perennial plants ' (1984 ) 72 J. Ecol. : 369 -387.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gross, K.L. 1990. A comparison of methods for estimating soil seed banks. J. Ecol. 78:1079–1093.

    Gross K.L. , 'A comparison of methods for estimating soil seed banks ' (1990 ) 78 J. Ecol. : 1079 -1093.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gross, K.L. and K.A. Renner. 1989. A new method for estimating seed numbers in the soil. Weed Sci. 37:836–839.

    Renner K.A. , 'A new method for estimating seed numbers in the soil ' (1989 ) 37 Weed Sci. : 836 -839.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ishikawa-Goto, M. and S. Tsuyusaki. 2004. Methods of estimating seed banks with reference to long-term seed burial. J. Plant Res. 117:245–248.

    Tsuyusaki S. , 'Methods of estimating seed banks with reference to long-term seed burial ' (2004 ) 117 J. Plant Res. : 245 -248.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Leck, M.A., K.P. Parker and R.L. Simpson. 1989. The Ecology of Soil Seed Banks. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

    Simpson R.L. , '', in The Ecology of Soil Seed Banks. , (1989 ) -.

  • Malone, C.R. 1967. A rapid method for enumeration of viable seeds in soil. Weeds 15:381–382.

    Malone C.R. , 'A rapid method for enumeration of viable seeds in soil ' (1967 ) 15 Weeds : 381 -382.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Manders, P.T. 1990. Soil seed banks and post-fire seed deposition across a forest-fynbos ecotone in the Cape Province. J. Veg. Sci. 1:491–498.

    Manders P.T. , 'Soil seed banks and post-fire seed deposition across a forest-fynbos ecotone in the Cape Province ' (1990 ) 1 J. Veg. Sci. : 491 -498.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mesgaran, M.B., H.R. Mashhadi, E. Zand and H.M. Alizadeh. 2007. Comparison of three methodologies for efficient seed extraction in studies of soil weed seedbanks. Weed Res. 47:472–478.

    Alizadeh H.M. , 'Comparison of three methodologies for efficient seed extraction in studies of soil weed seedbanks ' (2007 ) 47 Weed Res. : 472 -478.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Plue, J., K. Thompson, K. Verheyen and M. Hermy. 2012. Seed banking in ancient forest species: why total sampled area really matters. Seed Sci. Res. 22:123–133.

    Hermy M. , 'Seed banking in ancient forest species: why total sampled area really matters ' (2012 ) 22 Seed Sci. Res. : 123 -133.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Price, J.N., B.D. Wright, C.L. Gross and W.R.D.B. Whalley. 2010. Comparison of seedling emergence and seed extraction for estimating the composition of soil seed banks. Methods Ecol. Evol. 2:151–157.

    Whalley W.R.D.B. , 'Comparison of seedling emergence and seed extraction for estimating the composition of soil seed banks ' (2010 ) 2 Methods Ecol. Evol. : 151 -157.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Roberts, H.A. 1981. Seedbanks in soil. Adv. Appl. Biol. 6:1–55.

    Roberts H.A. , 'Seedbanks in soil ' (1981 ) 6 Adv. Appl. Biol. : 1 -55.

  • Thompson, K. and J.P Grime. 1979. Seasonal variation in the seed banks of herbaceous species in ten contrasting habitats. J. Ecol. 67: 893–921.

    Grime J.P. , 'Seasonal variation in the seed banks of herbaceous species in ten contrasting habitats ' (1979 ) 67 J. Ecol. : 893 -921.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tsuyuzaki, S. 1994. Rapid seed extraction from soils by a flotation method. Weed Res. 34: 433–436

    Tsuyuzaki S. , 'Rapid seed extraction from soils by a flotation method ' (1994 ) 34 Weed Res. : 433 -436.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Warr, S.J., K. Thompson and M. Kent. 1993. Seed banks as a neglected area of biogeographic research: a review of literature and sampling techniques. Progr. Phys. Geogr. 17:329–347.

    Kent M. , 'Seed banks as a neglected area of biogeographic research: a review of literature and sampling techniques ' (1993 ) 17 Progr. Phys. Geogr. : 329 -347.

    • Search Google Scholar

Click HERE for submission guidelines.


Manuscript submission: COMEC Manuscript Submission

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Podani, János

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jordán, Ferenc

Honorary Editor(s): Orlóci, László

Editorial Board

  • Madhur Anand, CAN (forest ecology, computational ecology, and ecological complexity)
  • S. Bagella, ITA (temporal dynamics, including succession, community level patterns of species richness and diversity, experimental studies of plant, animal and microbial communities, plant communities of the Mediterranean)
  • P. Batáry, HUN (landscape ecology, agroecology, ecosystem services)
  • P. A. V. Borges, PRT (community level patterns of species richness and diversity, sampling in theory and practice)
  • A. Davis, GER (supervised learning, multitrophic interactions, food webs, multivariate analysis, ecological statistics, experimental design, fractals, parasitoids, species diversity, community assembly, ticks, biodiversity, climate change, biological networks, cranes, olfactometry, evolution)
  • Z. Elek, HUN (insect ecology, invertebrate conservation, population dynamics, especially of long-term field studies, insect sampling)
  • T. Kalapos, HUN (community level plant ecophysiology, grassland ecology, vegetation-soil relationship)
  • G. M. Kovács, HUN (microbial ecology, plant-fungus interactions, mycorrhizas)
  • W. C. Liu,TWN (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, temporal dynamics, including succession, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment)
  • L. Mucina, AUS (vegetation survey, syntaxonomy, evolutionary community ecology, assembly rules, global vegetation patterns, mediterranean ecology)
  • P. Ódor, HUN (plant communities, bryophyte ecology, numerical methods)
  • F. Rigal, FRA (island biogeography, macroecology, functional diversity, arthropod ecology)
  • D. Rocchini, ITA (biodiversity, multiple scales, spatial scales, species distribution, spatial ecology, remote sensing, ecological informatics, computational ecology)
  • F. Samu, HUN (landscape ecology, biological control, generalist predators, spiders, arthropods, conservation biology, sampling methods)
  • U. Scharler, ZAF (ecological networks, food webs, estuaries, marine, mangroves, stoichiometry, temperate, subtropical)
  • D. Schmera, HUN (aquatic communities, functional diversity, ecological theory)
  • M. Scotti, GER (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment, ecological networks)
  • B. Tóthmérész, HUN (biodiversity, soil zoology, spatial models, macroecology, ecological modeling)
  • S. Wollrab, GER (aquatic ecology, food web dynamics, plankton ecology, predator-prey interactions)

 

Advisory Board

  • S. Bartha, HUN
  • S.L. Collins, USA
  • T. Czárán, HUN
  • E. Feoli, ITA
  • N. Kenkel, CAN
  • J. Lepš, CZE
  • S. Mazzoleni, ITA
  • Cs. Moskát, HUN
  • B. Oborny, HUN
  • M.W. Palmer, USA
  • G.P. Patil, USA
  • V. de Patta Pillar, BRA
  • C. Ricotta, ITA
  • Á. Szentesi, HUN

PODANI, JÁNOS
E-mail: podani@ludens.elte.hu


JORDÁN, FERENC
E-mail: jordan.ferenc@gmail.com

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • Elsevier/Geo Abstracts
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS
  • Zoological Abstracts

 

 

Community Ecology
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2000
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
2
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1585-8553 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2756 (Online)