View More View Less
  • 1 University of Rennes 1-UEB Observatory of Sciences of the Universe in Rennes, UMR CNRS 6553 ECOBIO Avenue du général Leclerc 35042 Rennes cedex France
  • | 2 Forest Sciences Centre of Catalonia Ctra. Sant Llorenç de Morunys km 2 25280 Solsona Spain
  • | 3 Bellaterra Campus of Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications Edifici C 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès Spain
  • | 4 UMR COSTEL Climate and Land Use by Remote Sensing Place du Recteur Henri Le Moal 35043 Rennes France
  • | 5 Technical University of Madrid Department of Natural Systems and Resources Ciudad Universitaria, s/n. 28040 Madrid Spain
Restricted access

Over the last 30 years, ecological networks have been deployed to reduce global biodiversity loss by enhancing landscape connectivity. Bird species dwelling in woodland habitats that are embedded in agriculture-dominated landscapes are expected to be particularly sensitive to the loss of connectivity. This study aimed to determine the role of landscape connectivity in woodland bird species richness, abundance, and community similarity in north-east Brittany (north-west France). An exhaustive woodland selection protocol was carried out to minimize the effects of woodland size on the response variables. Connectivity of the woodland and forest network in the study area was evaluated using graph-theory, accounting for matrix permeability, and a characteristic median natal dispersal distance at the community level based on the bird species pool recorded in the sampled woodlands. Information-theoretic model selection, controlling for woodland size in all the cases, depicted the response of woodland birds at the community level to the connectivity of agriculture-dominated landscapes. On average, the sampled woodlands (n = 25) contained 15.5 ± 2.4 bird species, with an abundance of 25.1 ± 3.9, and had highly similar bird communities (species composition and proportion); eight species represented 57% of total abundance and were present in at least 22 woodlands. The performance of models improved when using effective, rather than Euclidean, interpatch distances in the connectivity assessment. Landscape connectivity was only significantly related to similarity of proportional species composition. Large woodlands contained communities with more similar species proportions in an inhospitable agricultural landscape matrix than in a more permeable one. Woodland size was the most relevant factor determining species abundance, indicating that the bird population sizes are primarily proportional to the local habitat availability. Connectivity in relation to landscape matrix permeability did not seem to induce the flow of woodland-dependent bird species that are dominant in the community but rather of matrix-dwelling bird species that are less dependent on woodland patch area. In conclusion, both habitat conservation and restoration (i.e., amount and quality), in combination with permeable landscape structures (such as heterogeneous land cover mosaics), are advocated for community level conservation strategies.

  • Adriaensen F., J.P. Chardon, G. De Blust, E. Swinnen, S. Villalba, H. Gulinck and E. Matthysen. 2003. The application of ‘least-cost’ modelling as a functional landscape model. Landscape Urban Plan. 64: 233–247.

    Matthysen E. , 'The application of ‘least-cost’ modelling as a functional landscape model ' (2003 ) 64 Landscape Urban Plan. : 233 -247.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Baker, L. 2007. Effect of corridors on the movement behavior of the jumping spider Phidippus princeps (Araneae, Salticidae). Can. J. Zool. 85: 802–808.

    Baker L. , 'Effect of corridors on the movement behavior of the jumping spider Phidippus princeps (Araneae, Salticidae) ' (2007 ) 85 Can. J. Zool. : 802 -808.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Batáry, P., A. Kovács-Hostyánszki, C. Fischer, T. Tscharntke and A. Holzschuh. 2012. Contrasting effect of isolation of hedges from forests on farmland vs. woodland birds. Community Ecol. 13: 155–161.

    Holzschuh A. , 'Contrasting effect of isolation of hedges from forests on farmland vs. woodland birds ' (2012 ) 13 Community Ecol. : 155 -161.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Baum, K.A., K.J. Haynes, F.P. Dillemuth and J.T. Cronin. 2004. The matrix enhances the effectiveness of corridors and stepping stones. Ecology 85: 2671–2676.

    Cronin J.T. , 'The matrix enhances the effectiveness of corridors and stepping stones ' (2004 ) 85 Ecology : 2671 -2676.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bennett, A., K.R. Crooks and M. Sanjayan. 2006. The future of connectivity conservation. In: K.R. Crooks and M. Sanjayan (eds.), Connectivity Conservation. Cambridge Univ. Press, New York. pp. 676–694.

    Sanjayan M. , '', in Connectivity Conservation , (2006 ) -.

  • Benton, T.G., J.A. Vickery and J.D. Wilson. 2003. Farmland biodiversity: is habitat heterogeneity the key? Trends Ecol. Evol. 18: 182–188.

    Wilson J.D. , 'Farmland biodiversity: is habitat heterogeneity the key? ' (2003 ) 18 Trends Ecol. Evol. : 182 -188.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess and D.A. Hill. 1992. Bird Census Techniques. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

    Hill D.A. , '', in Bird Census Techniques , (1992 ) -.

  • Bunn, A.G., D.L. Urban and T.H. Keitt. 2000. Landscape connectivity: A conservation application of graph theory. J. Environ. Manage. 59: 265–278.

    Keitt T.H. , 'Landscape connectivity: A conservation application of graph theory ' (2000 ) 59 J. Environ. Manage. : 265 -278.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Burnham, K.P. and D.R. Anderson. 2002. Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical Information-Theoretical Approach. Springer-Verlag, New York.

    Anderson D.R. , '', in Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical Information-Theoretical Approach , (2002 ) -.

  • Carranza, M.L., E. D’Alessandro, S. Saura and A. Loy. 2012. Connectivity providers for semi-aquatic vertebrates: the case of the endangered otter in Italy. Landscape Ecol. 27: 281–290.

    Loy A. , 'Connectivity providers for semi-aquatic vertebrates: the case of the endangered otter in Italy ' (2012 ) 27 Landscape Ecol. : 281 -290.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cleland, E.E. 2012. Biodiversity and ecosystem stability. Nat. Educ. Knowl. 3: 14.

    Cleland E.E. , 'Biodiversity and ecosystem stability ' (2012 ) 3 Nat. Educ. Knowl. : 14 -.

  • Cook, W.M., K.T. Lane, B.L. Foster and R.D. Holt. 2002. Island theory, matrix effects and species richness patterns in habitat fragments. Ecol. Lett. 5: 619–623.

    Holt R.D. , 'Island theory, matrix effects and species richness patterns in habitat fragments ' (2002 ) 5 Ecol. Lett. : 619 -623.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Crooks K.R. and M. Sanjayan (eds.). 2006. Connectivity Conservation. Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.

    '', in Connectivity Conservation , (2006 ) -.

  • Damschen, E.I., N.M. Haddad, J.L. Orrock, J.J. Tewksbury and D.J. Levey. 2006. Corridors increase plant species richness at large scales. Science 313(5791): 1284–1286.

    Levey D.J. , 'Corridors increase plant species richness at large scales ' (2006 ) 313 Science : 1284 -1286.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Davies, Z.G. and A.S. Pullin. 2007. Are hedgerows effective corridors between fragments of woodland habitat? An evidence-based approach. Landscape Ecol. 22: 333–351.

    Pullin A.S. , 'Are hedgerows effective corridors between fragments of woodland habitat? An evidence-based approach ' (2007 ) 22 Landscape Ecol. : 333 -351.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Decout, S., S. Manel, C. Miaud and S. Luque. 2012. Integrative approach for landscape-based graph connectivity analysis: a case study with the common frog (Rana temporaria) in human-dominated landscapes. Landscape Ecol. 27: 267–279.

    Luque S. , 'Integrative approach for landscape-based graph connectivity analysis: a case study with the common frog (Rana temporaria) in human-dominated landscapes ' (2012 ) 27 Landscape Ecol. : 267 -279.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Donald, P.F., R.E. Green and M.F. Heath, M.F. 2001. Agricultural intensification and the collapse of Europe’s farmland bird populations. Proc. Roy. Soc. B-Biol. Sci. 268(1462): 25–29.

    M.F. , 'Agricultural intensification and the collapse of Europe’s farmland bird populations ' (2001 ) 268 Proc. Roy. Soc. B-Biol. Sci. : 25 -29.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ewers, R.M. and R.K. Didham. 2006. Confounding factors in the detection of species responses to habitat fragmentation. Biol. Rev. 81: 117–142.

    Didham R.K. , 'Confounding factors in the detection of species responses to habitat fragmentation ' (2006 ) 81 Biol. Rev. : 117 -142.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fall, A., M.J. Fortin, M. Manseau and D. O’Brien. 2007. Spatial graphs: Principles and applications for habitat connectivity. Ecosystems 10: 448–461.

    O’Brien D. , 'Spatial graphs: Principles and applications for habitat connectivity ' (2007 ) 10 Ecosystems : 448 -461.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Filippi-Codaccioni, O., V. Devictor, Y. Bas, J. Clobert and R. Julliard. 2010. Specialist response to proportion of arable land and pesticide input in agricultural landscapes. Biol. Conserv. 143: 883–890.

    Julliard R. , 'Specialist response to proportion of arable land and pesticide input in agricultural landscapes ' (2010 ) 143 Biol. Conserv. : 883 -890.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fischer, C., A. Flohre, L.W. Clement, P. Batáry, W.W. Weisser, T. Tscharntke and C. Thies. 2011. Mixed effects of landscape structure and farming practice on bird diversity. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 141: 119–125.

    Thies C. , 'Mixed effects of landscape structure and farming practice on bird diversity ' (2011 ) 141 Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. : 119 -125.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fischer, J. and D.B. Lindenmayer. 2006. Beyond fragmentation: the continuum model for fauna research and conservation in human-modified landscapes. Oikos 112: 473–480.

    Lindenmayer D.B. , 'Beyond fragmentation: the continuum model for fauna research and conservation in human-modified landscapes ' (2006 ) 112 Oikos : 473 -480.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Foltête, J.C., C. Clauzel and G. Vuidel. 2012. A software tool dedicated to the modelling of landscape networks. Environ. Modell. Softw. 38: 316–327.

    Vuidel G. , 'A software tool dedicated to the modelling of landscape networks ' (2012 ) 38 Environ. Modell. Softw. : 316 -327.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fuller, R.J., D.E. Chamberlain, N.H.K. Burton and S.J. Gough. 2001. Distributions of birds in lowland agricultural landscapes of England and Wales: How distinctive are bird communities of hedgerows and woodland? Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 84: 79–92.

    Gough S.J. , 'Distributions of birds in lowland agricultural landscapes of England and Wales: How distinctive are bird communities of hedgerows and woodland? ' (2001 ) 84 Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. : 79 -92.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fuller, R.J., S.A. Hinsley and R.D. Swetnam. 2004. The relevance of non-farmland habitats, uncropped areas and habitat diversity to the conservation of farmland birds. Ibis 146 (Suppl. 2): 22–31.

    Swetnam R.D. , 'The relevance of non-farmland habitats, uncropped areas and habitat diversity to the conservation of farmland birds ' (2004 ) 146 Ibis : 22 -31.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gaston, K.J., R.G. Davies, C.D.L. Orme, V.A. Olson, G.H. Thomas, T.S. Ding, P.C. Rasmussen, J.J. Lennon, P.M. Bennett, I.P.F. Owens and T.M. Blackburn. 2007. Spatial turnover in the global avifauna. Proc. R. Soc. Biol. Sci. 274(1618): 1567–1574.

    Blackburn T.M. , 'Spatial turnover in the global avifauna ' (2007 ) 274 Proc. R. Soc. Biol. Sci. : 1567 -1574.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gil-Tena, A., R. Lecerf and A. Ernoult. 2013. Disentangling community assemblages to depict an indicator of biological connectivity: A regional study of fragmented semi-natural grasslands. Ecol. Indic. 24: 48–55.

    Ernoult A. , 'Disentangling community assemblages to depict an indicator of biological connectivity: A regional study of fragmented semi-natural grasslands ' (2013 ) 24 Ecol. Indic. : 48 -55.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gilbert-Norton, L., R. Wilson, J. R. Stevens and K.H. Beard. 2010. A meta-analytic review of corridor effectiveness. Conserv. Biol. 24: 660–668.

    Beard K.H. , 'A meta-analytic review of corridor effectiveness ' (2010 ) 24 Conserv. Biol. : 660 -668.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gregory, R.D., A. van Strien, P. Vorisek, A.W.G. Meyling, D.G. Noble, R.P.B. Foppen and D.W. Gibbons. 2005. Developing indicators for European birds. Philos. T. R. Soc. B. 360 (1454): 269–288.

    Gibbons D.W. , 'Developing indicators for European birds ' (2005 ) 360 Philos. T. R. Soc. B. : 269 -288.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gurrutxaga, M., L. Rubio and S. Saura. 2011. Key connectors in protected forest area networks and the impact of highways: A transnational case study from the Cantabrian Range to the Western Alps (SW Europe). Landscape Urban Plan. 101: 310–320.

    Saura S. , 'Key connectors in protected forest area networks and the impact of highways: A transnational case study from the Cantabrian Range to the Western Alps (SW Europe) ' (2011 ) 101 Landscape Urban Plan. : 310 -320.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Haas, C.A. 1995. Dispersal and use of corridors by birds in wooded patches on an agricultural landscape. Conserv. Biol. 9: 845–854.

    Haas C.A. , 'Dispersal and use of corridors by birds in wooded patches on an agricultural landscape ' (1995 ) 9 Conserv. Biol. : 845 -854.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hinsley, S.A., R.A. Hill, R.J. Fuller, P.E. Bellamy and P. Rothery. 2009. Bird species distributions across woodland canopy structure gradients. Community Ecol. 10: 99–110.

    Rothery P. , 'Bird species distributions across woodland canopy structure gradients ' (2009 ) 10 Community Ecol. : 99 -110.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Houet, T., T.R. Loveland, L. Hubert-Moy, C. Gaucherel, D. Napton, C.A. Barnes and K. Sayler. 2010. Exploring subtle land use and land cover changes: a framework for future landscape studies. Landscape Ecol. 25: 249–266.

    Sayler K. , 'Exploring subtle land use and land cover changes: a framework for future landscape studies ' (2010 ) 25 Landscape Ecol. : 249 -266.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hoyle, M. and F.S. Gilbert. 2004. Species richness of moss landscapes unaffected by short-term fragmentation. Oikos 105: 359–367.

    Gilbert F.S. , 'Species richness of moss landscapes unaffected by short-term fragmentation ' (2004 ) 105 Oikos : 359 -367.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jongman, R.H.G., M. Kuelvik and I. Kristiansen. 2004. European ecological networks and greenways. Landscape Urban Plan. 68: 305–319.

    Kristiansen I. , 'European ecological networks and greenways ' (2004 ) 68 Landscape Urban Plan. : 305 -319.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kadoya, T. 2009. Assessing functional connectivity using empirical data. Popul. Ecol. 51: 5–15.

    Kadoya T. , 'Assessing functional connectivity using empirical data ' (2009 ) 51 Popul. Ecol. : 5 -15.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kindlmann, P. and F. Burel. 2008. Connectivity measures: a review. Landscape Ecol. 23: 879–890.

    Burel F. , 'Connectivity measures: a review ' (2008 ) 23 Landscape Ecol. : 879 -890.

  • Laitila, J. and A. Moilanen. 2013. Approximating the dispersal of multi-species ecological entities such as communities, ecosystems or habitat types. Ecol. Model. 259: 24–29.

    Moilanen A. , 'Approximating the dispersal of multi-species ecological entities such as communities, ecosystems or habitat types ' (2013 ) 259 Ecol. Model. : 24 -29.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lennon, J.J., P. Koleff, J.J.D. Greenwood and K.J. Gaston. 2001. The geographical structure of British bird distributions: diversity, spatial turnover and scale. J. Anim. Ecol. 70: 966–979.

    Gaston K.J. , 'The geographical structure of British bird distributions: diversity, spatial turnover and scale ' (2001 ) 70 J. Anim. Ecol. : 966 -979.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ludwig, M., H. Schlinkert, A. Holzschuh, C. Fischer, C. Scherber, A. Trnka, T. Tscharntke and P. Batáry. 2012. Landscape-moderated bird nest predation in hedges and forest edges. Acta Oecol. 45: 50–56.

    Batáry P. , 'Landscape-moderated bird nest predation in hedges and forest edges ' (2012 ) 45 Acta Oecol. : 50 -56.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Magurran, A. E. 2009. Measuring Biological Diversity. Blackwell, Oxford.

    Magurran A. E. , '', in Measuring Biological Diversity , (2009 ) -.

  • McRae, B.H. 2006. Isolation by resistance. Evolution 60: 1551–1561.

    McRae B.H. , 'Isolation by resistance ' (2006 ) 60 Evolution : 1551 -1561.

  • Moilanen, A. 2011. On the limitations of graph-theoretic connectivity in spatial ecology and conservation. J. Appl. Ecol. 48 1543–1547.

    Moilanen A. , 'On the limitations of graph-theoretic connectivity in spatial ecology and conservation ' (2011 ) 48 J. Appl. Ecol. : 1543 -1547.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Muratet, A., R. Lorrillière, P. Clergeau and C. Fontaine. 2013. Evaluation of landscape connectivity at community level using satellite-derived NDVI. Landscape Ecol. 28 95–105.

    Fontaine C. , 'Evaluation of landscape connectivity at community level using satellite-derived NDVI ' (2013 ) 28 Landscape Ecol. : 95 -105.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ockinger, E. and H.G. Smith. 2008. Do corridors promote dispersal in grassland butterflies and other insects? Landscape Ecol. 23: 27–40.

    Smith H.G. , 'Do corridors promote dispersal in grassland butterflies and other insects? ' (2008 ) 23 Landscape Ecol. : 27 -40.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Oksanen, J., F. G. Blanchet, R. Kindt, P. Legendre, P.R. Minchin, R.B. O’Hara, G.L. Simpson, P. Solymos, M.H.H. Stevens and H. Wagner. 2013. vegan: Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.0-10. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan

    Wagner H. , '', in vegan: Community Ecology Package , (2013 ) -.

  • Paradis, E., S.R. Baillie, W.J. Sutherland and R.D. Gregory. 1998. Patterns of natal and breeding dispersal in birds. J. Anim. Ecol. 67: 518–536.

    Gregory R.D. , 'Patterns of natal and breeding dispersal in birds ' (1998 ) 67 J. Anim. Ecol. : 518 -536.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Paradis E., J. Claude and K. Strimmer. 2004. APE: analyses of phylogenetics and evolution in R language. Bioinformatics 20: 289–290.

    Strimmer K. , 'APE: analyses of phylogenetics and evolution in R language ' (2004 ) 20 Bioinformatics : 289 -290.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pascual-Hortal, L. and S. Saura. 2007. Impact of spatial scale on the identification of critical habitat patches for the maintenance of landscape connectivity. Landscape Urban Plan. 83: 176–186.

    Saura S. , 'Impact of spatial scale on the identification of critical habitat patches for the maintenance of landscape connectivity ' (2007 ) 83 Landscape Urban Plan : 176 -186.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Peach, W.J., S.R. Baillie and D.E. Balmer. 1998. Long-term changes in the abundance of passerines in Britain and Ireland as measured by constant effort mist-netting. Bird Study 45: 257–275.

    Balmer D.E. , 'Long-term changes in the abundance of passerines in Britain and Ireland as measured by constant effort mist-netting ' (1998 ) 45 Bird Study : 257 -275.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Peterson, A.P. 2002. Zoonomen Nomenclatural data. URL: http://www.zoonomen.net

    Peterson A.P. , '', in Zoonomen Nomenclatural data , (2002 ) -.

  • Price, B., C.A. McAlpine, A.S. Kutt, S.R. Phinn, D.V. Pullar and J.A. Ludwig. 2009. Continuum or discrete patch landscape models for savanna birds? Towards a pluralistic approach. Ecography 32: 745–756.

    Ludwig J.A. , 'Continuum or discrete patch landscape models for savanna birds? Towards a pluralistic approach ' (2009 ) 32 Ecography : 745 -756.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ralph, C.J., G.R. Geupel, P. Pyle, T.E. Martin and D.F. DeSante. 1993. Handbook of Field Methods for Monitoring Landbirds. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-144. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.

    DeSante D.F. , '', in Handbook of Field Methods for Monitoring Landbirds , (1993 ) -.

  • Rayfield, B., M.J. Fortin and A. Fall. 2010. The sensitivity of least-cost habitat graphs to relative cost surface values. Landscape Ecol. 25: 519–532.

    Fall A. , 'The sensitivity of least-cost habitat graphs to relative cost surface values ' (2010 ) 25 Landscape Ecol. : 519 -532.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rösch, V., T. Tscharntke, C. Scherber and P. Batáry. 2013. Landscape composition, connectivity and fragment size drive effects of grassland fragmentation on insect communities. J. Appl. Ecol. 50: 387–394.

    Batáry P. , 'Landscape composition, connectivity and fragment size drive effects of grassland fragmentation on insect communities ' (2013 ) 50 J. Appl. Ecol. : 387 -394.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sala, O.E., F.S. Chapin III, J.J. Armesto, E. Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. Huber-Sanwald, L.F. Huenneke, R.B. Jackson, A. Kinzig, R. Leemans, D.M. Lodge, H.A. Mooney, M. Oesterheld, N.L. Poff, M.T. Sykes, B.H. Walker, M. Walker and D.H. Wall. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287 (5459): 1770–1774.

    Wall D.H. , 'Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100 ' (2000 ) 287 Science : 1770 -1774.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sauer, J.R., J.E. Hines and J. Fallon. 2004. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966–2003. Version 2004.1. Laurel, MD: USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center.

    Fallon J. , '', in The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966–2003 , (2004 ) -.

  • Saura, S. and L. Pascual-Hortal. 2007. A new habitat availability index to integrate connectivity in landscape conservation planning: comparison with existing indices and application to a case study. Landscape Urban Plan. 83: 91–103.

    Pascual-Hortal L. , 'A new habitat availability index to integrate connectivity in landscape conservation planning: comparison with existing indices and application to a case study ' (2007 ) 83 Landscape Urban Plan. : 91 -103.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Saura, S. and L. Rubio. 2010. A common currency for the different ways in which patches and links can contribute to habitat availability and connectivity in the landscape. Ecography 33: 523–537.

    Rubio L. , 'A common currency for the different ways in which patches and links can contribute to habitat availability and connectivity in the landscape ' (2010 ) 33 Ecography : 523 -537.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Saura, S. and J. Torné. 2009. Conefor Sensinode 2.2: A software package for quantifying the importance of habitat patches for landscape connectivity. Environ. Modell. Softw. 24: 135–139.

    Torné J. , 'Conefor Sensinode 2.2: A software package for quantifying the importance of habitat patches for landscape connectivity ' (2009 ) 24 Environ. Modell. Softw. : 135 -139.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shanahan, D.F., C. Miller, H.P. Possingham and R.A. Fuller. 2011. The influence of patch area and connectivity on avian communities in urban revegetation. Biol. Conserv. 144: 722–729.

    Fuller R.A. , 'The influence of patch area and connectivity on avian communities in urban revegetation ' (2011 ) 144 Biol. Conserv. : 722 -729.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Smith, A., N. Koper, C.M. Francis and L. Fahrig. 2009. Confronting collinearity: comparing methods for disentangling the effects of habitat loss and fragmentation. Landscape Ecol. 24: 1271–1285.

    Fahrig L. , 'Confronting collinearity: comparing methods for disentangling the effects of habitat loss and fragmentation ' (2009 ) 24 Landscape Ecol. : 1271 -1285.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sutherland, G.D., A.S. Harestad, K. Price and K.P. Lertzman. 2000. Scaling of natal dispersal distances in terrestrial birds and mammals. Conserv. Ecol. 4(1), 16, http://www.consecol.org/vol4/iss1/art16

    Lertzman K.P. , 'Scaling of natal dispersal distances in terrestrial birds and mammals ' (2000 ) 4 Conserv. Ecol. : 16 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Taylor, P.D., L. Fahrig, K. Henein and G. Merriam. 1993. Connectivity is a vital element of landscape structure. Oikos 68: 571–573.

    Merriam G. , 'Connectivity is a vital element of landscape structure ' (1993 ) 68 Oikos : 571 -573.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Taylor, P.D., L. Fahrig and K.A. With. 2006. Landscape connectivity: a return to the basics. In: K.R. Crooks and M. Sanjayan (eds.), Connectivity Conservation. Cambridge University Press, New York. pp. 29–43.

    With K.A. , '', in Connectivity Conservation , (2006 ) -.

  • Telleríaa, J.L. and T. Santos. 1995. Effects of forest fragmentation on a guild of wintering passerines: the role of habitat selection. Biol. Conserv. 71: 61–67.

    Santos T. , 'Effects of forest fragmentation on a guild of wintering passerines: the role of habitat selection ' (1995 ) 71 Biol. Conserv. : 61 -67.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Urban, D. and T. Keitt. 2001. Landscape connectivity: a graph-theoretic perspective. Ecology 82: 1205–1218.

    Keitt T. , 'Landscape connectivity: a graph-theoretic perspective ' (2001 ) 82 Ecology : 1205 -1218.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Vannier, C. 2012. Analyse spatiale de structures paysagères en contexte agricole bocage. Cybergeo: European Journal of Geography, Environment, Nature, Landscape: 607. Available at http://cybergeo.revues.org/25354?xml:lang=en

    Vannier C. , '', in Cybergeo: European Journal of Geography, Environment, Nature, Landscape , (2012 ) -.

  • Venables, W.N. and B.D. Ripley. 2002. Modern Applied Statistics with S. Fourth edition. Springer, New York.

    Ripley B.D. , '', in Modern Applied Statistics with S , (2002 ) -.

  • Verboom, J., A. Schotman, P. Opdam and J.A. J. Metz. 1991. European nuthatch metapopulations in a fragmented agricultural landscape. Oikos 61: 149–156.

    Metz J.A. J. , 'European nuthatch metapopulations in a fragmented agricultural landscape ' (1991 ) 61 Oikos : 149 -156.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Watts, K., A.E. Eycott, P. Handley, D. Ray, J.W. Humphrey and C.P. Quin. 2010. Targeting and evaluating biodiversity conservation action within fragmented landscapes: an approach based on generic focal species and least-cost networks. Landscape Ecol. 25: 1305–1318.

    Quin C.P. , 'Targeting and evaluating biodiversity conservation action within fragmented landscapes: an approach based on generic focal species and least-cost networks ' (2010 ) 25 Landscape Ecol. : 1305 -1318.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wolda, H. 1981. Similarity indices, sample size and diversity. Oecologia 50: 296–302.

    Wolda H. , 'Similarity indices, sample size and diversity ' (1981 ) 50 Oecologia : 296 -302.

Click HERE for submission guidelines.


Manuscript submission: COMEC Manuscript Submission

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Podani, János

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jordán, Ferenc

Honorary Editor(s): Orlóci, László

Editorial Board

  • Madhur Anand, CAN (forest ecology, computational ecology, and ecological complexity)
  • S. Bagella, ITA (temporal dynamics, including succession, community level patterns of species richness and diversity, experimental studies of plant, animal and microbial communities, plant communities of the Mediterranean)
  • P. Batáry, HUN (landscape ecology, agroecology, ecosystem services)
  • P. A. V. Borges, PRT (community level patterns of species richness and diversity, sampling in theory and practice)
  • A. Davis, GER (supervised learning, multitrophic interactions, food webs, multivariate analysis, ecological statistics, experimental design, fractals, parasitoids, species diversity, community assembly, ticks, biodiversity, climate change, biological networks, cranes, olfactometry, evolution)
  • Z. Elek, HUN (insect ecology, invertebrate conservation, population dynamics, especially of long-term field studies, insect sampling)
  • T. Kalapos, HUN (community level plant ecophysiology, grassland ecology, vegetation-soil relationship)
  • G. M. Kovács, HUN (microbial ecology, plant-fungus interactions, mycorrhizas)
  • W. C. Liu,TWN (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, temporal dynamics, including succession, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment)
  • L. Mucina, AUS (vegetation survey, syntaxonomy, evolutionary community ecology, assembly rules, global vegetation patterns, mediterranean ecology)
  • P. Ódor, HUN (plant communities, bryophyte ecology, numerical methods)
  • F. Rigal, FRA (island biogeography, macroecology, functional diversity, arthropod ecology)
  • D. Rocchini, ITA (biodiversity, multiple scales, spatial scales, species distribution, spatial ecology, remote sensing, ecological informatics, computational ecology)
  • F. Samu, HUN (landscape ecology, biological control, generalist predators, spiders, arthropods, conservation biology, sampling methods)
  • U. Scharler, ZAF (ecological networks, food webs, estuaries, marine, mangroves, stoichiometry, temperate, subtropical)
  • D. Schmera, HUN (aquatic communities, functional diversity, ecological theory)
  • M. Scotti, GER (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment, ecological networks)
  • B. Tóthmérész, HUN (biodiversity, soil zoology, spatial models, macroecology, ecological modeling)
  • S. Wollrab, GER (aquatic ecology, food web dynamics, plankton ecology, predator-prey interactions)

 

Advisory Board

  • S. Bartha, HUN
  • S.L. Collins, USA
  • T. Czárán, HUN
  • E. Feoli, ITA
  • N. Kenkel, CAN
  • J. Lepš, CZE
  • S. Mazzoleni, ITA
  • Cs. Moskát, HUN
  • B. Oborny, HUN
  • M.W. Palmer, USA
  • G.P. Patil, USA
  • V. de Patta Pillar, BRA
  • C. Ricotta, ITA
  • Á. Szentesi, HUN

PODANI, JÁNOS
E-mail: podani@ludens.elte.hu


JORDÁN, FERENC
E-mail: jordan.ferenc@gmail.com

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • Elsevier/Geo Abstracts
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS
  • Zoological Abstracts

 

 

Community Ecology
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2000
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
2
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1585-8553 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2756 (Online)