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  • 1 Panjab University Department of Botany 160 014 Chandigarh
  • | 2 Panjab University Department of Botany 160 014 Chandigarh
  • | 3 Panjab University Department of Botany 160 014 Chandigarh
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A study conducted to determine the ecological status of vegetation under a Casuarina equisetifolia L. plantation revealed that the number of species types, density and biomass of the understorey were drastically reduced compared to an adjoining grassland area. In general, vegetation under Casuarina was characterised by the presence of a few dominants with a trend towards homogeneity. On the other hand, the vegetation in the grassland was heterogeneous, with conspicuous spatial pattern and, thus, more stable. Indices of richness (indicating numerical strength), evenness (representing spatial distribution), and diversity (combining both richness and evenness) also indicated a marked difference in the vegetation between the two sites. The Shannon index, indices of richness and evenness, and Hill. s diversity measures were greater in grassland areas than in Casuarina plantation, thereby signifying a richer, more diverse and even vegetation in the grassland. In contrast, the Simpson index of dominance which shows an inverse relation with diversity, was greater under the Casuarina plantation. The reasons for the restrained vegetation under Casuarina were explored in terms of allelopathic interference of various tree parts (fresh as well as fallen) as one of the major factor. The leaf leachates collected under the canopy of Casuarina trees in the plantation were found to have deleterious effect on the growth of Medicago sativa and Ageratum conyzoides and were rich in phenolics. The extracts prepared from different tree parts such as needles, female cones and litter adversely affected the growth and dry weight accumulation in M. sativa and A. conyzoides. An appreciable amount of water-soluble phenolics, known phytotoxins, was estimated in the fog leachates and different plant parts under use. It is concluded that phenolics released from the green needles and litter of the tree adversely affect the understorey vegetation.  

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Podani, János

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jordán, Ferenc

Honorary Editor(s): Orlóci, László

Editorial Board

  • Madhur Anand, CAN (forest ecology, computational ecology, and ecological complexity)
  • S. Bagella, ITA (temporal dynamics, including succession, community level patterns of species richness and diversity, experimental studies of plant, animal and microbial communities, plant communities of the Mediterranean)
  • P. Batáry, HUN (landscape ecology, agroecology, ecosystem services)
  • P. A. V. Borges, PRT (community level patterns of species richness and diversity, sampling in theory and practice)
  • A. Davis, GER (supervised learning, multitrophic interactions, food webs, multivariate analysis, ecological statistics, experimental design, fractals, parasitoids, species diversity, community assembly, ticks, biodiversity, climate change, biological networks, cranes, olfactometry, evolution)
  • Z. Elek, HUN (insect ecology, invertebrate conservation, population dynamics, especially of long-term field studies, insect sampling)
  • T. Kalapos, HUN (community level plant ecophysiology, grassland ecology, vegetation-soil relationship)
  • G. M. Kovács, HUN (microbial ecology, plant-fungus interactions, mycorrhizas)
  • W. C. Liu,TWN (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, temporal dynamics, including succession, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment)
  • L. Mucina, AUS (vegetation survey, syntaxonomy, evolutionary community ecology, assembly rules, global vegetation patterns, mediterranean ecology)
  • P. Ódor, HUN (plant communities, bryophyte ecology, numerical methods)
  • F. Rigal, FRA (island biogeography, macroecology, functional diversity, arthropod ecology)
  • D. Rocchini, ITA (biodiversity, multiple scales, spatial scales, species distribution, spatial ecology, remote sensing, ecological informatics, computational ecology)
  • F. Samu, HUN (landscape ecology, biological control, generalist predators, spiders, arthropods, conservation biology, sampling methods)
  • U. Scharler, ZAF (ecological networks, food webs, estuaries, marine, mangroves, stoichiometry, temperate, subtropical)
  • D. Schmera, HUN (aquatic communities, functional diversity, ecological theory)
  • M. Scotti, GER (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment, ecological networks)
  • B. Tóthmérész, HUN (biodiversity, soil zoology, spatial models, macroecology, ecological modeling)
  • S. Wollrab, GER (aquatic ecology, food web dynamics, plankton ecology, predator-prey interactions)

 

Advisory Board

  • S. Bartha, HUN
  • S.L. Collins, USA
  • T. Czárán, HUN
  • E. Feoli, ITA
  • N. Kenkel, CAN
  • J. Lepš, CZE
  • S. Mazzoleni, ITA
  • Cs. Moskát, HUN
  • B. Oborny, HUN
  • M.W. Palmer, USA
  • G.P. Patil, USA
  • V. de Patta Pillar, BRA
  • C. Ricotta, ITA
  • Á. Szentesi, HUN

PODANI, JÁNOS
E-mail: podani@ludens.elte.hu


JORDÁN, FERENC
E-mail: jordan.ferenc@gmail.com

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Community Ecology
Language English
Size A4
Year of
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2000
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1
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2
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ISSN 1585-8553 (Print)
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