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  • 1 GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel, Germany
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Environmental changes have been rapidly increasing in the last decades, causing unprecedented shifts in biodiversity. The impacts of biodiversity changes on ecosystem processes depend on the traits of affected species and their functional redundancy at the community level. The generated data on biodiversity-functioning in marine environments are still fragmentary and predictions on how species, communities and ecosystems will respond to the ongoing global changes are still uncertain. This selection of manuscripts presents the efforts of researchers around the world towards a better understanding on the mechanisms driving biodiversity and functioning patterns in marine ecosystems. The issue is composed of studies about first records of diversity and single species patterns in overlooked marine communities, effects of pollution in shaping species composition, foundation species and the impact of their loss on local communities, and the relevance of ecological interactions and species’ traits in structuring marine food webs. We conclude that more field and experimental studies combined to modelling are needed for understanding mechanisms that currently determine the structure and functioning of ecosystems and for improving predictions under global change scenarios.

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  • Berg, S., A. Pimenov, C. Palmer, M. Emmerson and T. Jonsson. 2015. Ecological communities are vulnerable to realistic extinction sequences. Oikos 124:486496.

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  • Bradshaw, W.E. and C.M. Holzapfel. 2006. Evolutionary response to rapid climate change. Science 312:14771478.

  • Bruno, J.F., J.J. Stachowicz and M.D. Bertness. 2003. Inclusion of facilitation into ecological theory. Trends Ecol. Evol. 18:119125.

  • Bruno, J.F. and M.I. O’Connor. 2005. Cascading effects of predator diversity and omnivory in a marine food web. Ecol. Lett. 8:10481056.

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  • Cadier, C. and A. Frouws. 2019. Experimental harvest in a tropical seagrass meadow leads to shift in associated benthic communities. Community Ecol. 20:138148.

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  • Cardinale, B.J., J.E. Duffy, A. Gonzalez, D.U. Hooper, C. Perrings, P. Venail, A. Narwani, G.M. Mace, D. Tilman, D. A. Wardle and A.P. Kinzig. 2012. Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature 486(7401): 59.

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  • Chapin III, F.S., E.S. Zavaleta, V.T. Eviner, R.L. Naylor, P.M. Vitousek, H.L. Reynolds, D.U. Hooper, S. Lavorel, O.E. Sala, S.E. Hobbie and M.C. Mack. 2000. Consequences of changing biodiversity. Nature 405(6783): 234.

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  • Dayton, P.K. 1972. Toward an understanding of community resilience and the potential effects of enrichments to the benthos at McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. In: Proceedings of the colloquium on conservation problems in Antarctica. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, USA. pp. 8196.

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  • Díaz, S., J. Fargione, F.S. Chapin III and D. Tilman. 2006. Biodiversity loss threatens human well-being. PLoS Biol. 4(8): e277.

  • Golinia, P., A. Nasrolahi and F.R. Barboza. 2019. Biofouling in the Southern Caspian Sea: recruitment and successional patterns in a low diversity region. Community Ecol. 20:110120.

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  • Hoegh-Guldberg, O. and J.F. Bruno. 2010. The impact of climate change on the world's marine ecosystems. Science 328(5985): 15231528.

  • Hooper, D.U., F.S. Chapin III, J.J. Ewel, A. Hector, P. Inchausti, S. Lavorel, J.H. Lawton, D.M. Lodge, M. Loreau, S. Naeem and B. Schmid. 2005. Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge. Ecol. Monogr. 75(1): 335.

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  • Hooper, D.U., E.C. Adair, B.J. Cardinale, J.E. Byrnes, B.A. Hungate, K.L. Matulich, A. Gonzalez, J.E. Duffy, L. Gamfeldt and M.I. O’Connor. 2012. A global synthesis reveals biodiversity loss as a major driver of ecosystem change. Nature 486(7401): 105.

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  • Hutchinson, G.E. 1957. Concluding remarks. Cold Springs Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 22:415427.

  • Hutchinson, G.E. 1959. Homage to Santa Rosalia or why are there so many kinds of animals? Am. Nat. 93(870): 145159.

  • Maguire Jr, B. 1973. Niche response structure and the analytical potentials of its relationship to the habitat. Am. Nat. 107(954): 213246.

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  • Olmo Gilabert, R., A.F.N. López, G.C. Agüero, J.C. Molinero, U. Sommer and M. Scotti. 2019. Body size and mobility explain species centralities in the Gulf of California food web. Community Ecol. 20:149160.

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  • Paine, R.T. 1966. Food web complexity and species diversity. Am. Nat. 100(910): 6575.

  • Pironon, S., J. Villellas, W. Thuiller, V.M. Eckhart, M.A. Geber, D.A. Moeller and M.B. García. 2018. The ‘Hutchinsonian niche'as an assemblage of demographic niches: implications for species geographic ranges. Ecography 41(7): 11031113.

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  • Price, T.D., A. Qvarnström and D.E. Irwin. 2003. The role of phenotypic plasticity in driving genetic evolution. Proc. Royal Soc. London B Biol. 270(1523): 14331440.

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  • Reiss, J., J.R. Bridle, J.M. Montoya and G. Woodward. 2009. Emerging horizons in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research. Trends Ecol. Evol. 24(9): 505514.

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  • Tilman, D., P.B. Reich and F. Isbell. 2012. Biodiversity impacts ecosystem productivity as much as resources, disturbance, or herbivory. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109(26): 1039410397.

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  • Ulanowicz, R.E. 2004. Quantitative methods for ecological network analysis. Comput. Biol. Chem. 28:321339.

  • Violle, C., M.L. Navas, D. Vile, E. Kazakou, C. Fortunel, I. Hummel and E. Garnier. 2007. Let the concept of trait be functional! Oikos 116(5): 882892.

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  • Williams, S.E., L.P. Shoo, J.L. Isaac, A.A. Hoffmann and G. Langham. 2008. Towards an integrated framework for assessing the vulnerability of species to climate change. PLoS Biol. 6(12): e325.

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  • Worm, B., E.D. Barbier, N. Beaumont, J.E. Duffy, C. Folke, B.S. Halpern, J.B.C. Jackson, H.K. Lotze, F. Micheli, S.R. Palumbi, E. Sala, K.A. Selkoe, J.J. Stachowicz and R. Watson. 2006. Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science 314(5800): 787790.

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  • Yachi, S. and M. Loreau. 1999. Biodiversity and ecosystem productivity in a fluctuating environment: the insurance hypothesis. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96(4): 14631468.

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Manuscript submission: COMEC Manuscript Submission


Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Podani, János

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jordán, Ferenc

Honorary Editor(s): Orlóci, László

Editorial Board

  • Madhur Anand, CAN (forest ecology, computational ecology, and ecological complexity)
  • S. Bagella, ITA (temporal dynamics, including succession, community level patterns of species richness and diversity, experimental studies of plant, animal and microbial communities, plant communities of the Mediterranean)
  • P. Batáry, HUN (landscape ecology, agroecology, ecosystem services)
  • P. A. V. Borges, PRT (community level patterns of species richness and diversity, sampling in theory and practice)
  • A. Davis, GER (supervised learning, multitrophic interactions, food webs, multivariate analysis, ecological statistics, experimental design, fractals, parasitoids, species diversity, community assembly, ticks, biodiversity, climate change, biological networks, cranes, olfactometry, evolution)
  • Z. Elek, HUN (insect ecology, invertebrate conservation, population dynamics, especially of long-term field studies, insect sampling)
  • T. Kalapos, HUN (community level plant ecophysiology, grassland ecology, vegetation-soil relationship)
  • G. M. Kovács, HUN (microbial ecology, plant-fungus interactions, mycorrhizas)
  • W. C. Liu,TWN (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, temporal dynamics, including succession, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment)
  • L. Mucina, AUS (vegetation survey, syntaxonomy, evolutionary community ecology, assembly rules, global vegetation patterns, mediterranean ecology)
  • P. Ódor, HUN (plant communities, bryophyte ecology, numerical methods)
  • F. Rigal, FRA (island biogeography, macroecology, functional diversity, arthropod ecology)
  • D. Rocchini, ITA (biodiversity, multiple scales, spatial scales, species distribution, spatial ecology, remote sensing, ecological informatics, computational ecology)
  • F. Samu, HUN (landscape ecology, biological control, generalist predators, spiders, arthropods, conservation biology, sampling methods)
  • U. Scharler, ZAF (ecological networks, food webs, estuaries, marine, mangroves, stoichiometry, temperate, subtropical)
  • D. Schmera, HUN (aquatic communities, functional diversity, ecological theory)
  • M. Scotti, GER (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment, ecological networks)
  • B. Tóthmérész, HUN (biodiversity, soil zoology, spatial models, macroecology, ecological modeling)
  • S. Wollrab, GER (aquatic ecology, food web dynamics, plankton ecology, predator-prey interactions)


Advisory Board

  • S. Bartha, HUN
  • S.L. Collins, USA
  • T. Czárán, HUN
  • E. Feoli, ITA
  • N. Kenkel, CAN
  • J. Lepš, CZE
  • S. Mazzoleni, ITA
  • Cs. Moskát, HUN
  • B. Oborny, HUN
  • M.W. Palmer, USA
  • G.P. Patil, USA
  • V. de Patta Pillar, BRA
  • C. Ricotta, ITA
  • Á. Szentesi, HUN



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Community Ecology
Language English
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Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
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Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
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CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1585-8553 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2756 (Online)