View More View Less
  • 1 Dipartimento di Arboricoltura, Botanica e Patologia vegetale, University of Naples Federico II via Universit? 100, Portici 80055 (NA), Italy
  • | 2 School of GeoSciences, The University of Edinburgh Crew Building, King's Buildings, EH9 3JN, Scotland,UK
  • | 3 Dipartimento di Arboricoltura, Botanica e Patologia vegetale, University of Naples Federico II via Universit? 100, Portici 80055 (NA), Italy
Restricted access

Allelopathic effects of Calluna vulgaris have been extensively studied, but little attention has been given to the dynamics of phytotoxicity during the decomposition of its litter. Strong evidence from vegetation dynamics and management strategies indicate that Calluna litter inhibits its own seed regeneration. This work investigates the hypotheses that Calluna tissues are autotoxic and that decomposition processes moderate this effect. Water extracts of fresh Calluna shoots, litter and surface soil from a burned stand were used in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions to test for phytotoxicity in Lepidium sativum and Calluna vulgaris seeds and seedlings. Phytotoxicity varied for undecomposed Calluna materials with the following rank: shoots ?? litter ? burned soil. Moreover, phytotoxicity on Lepidium and Calluna of all tested materials sharply decreased during aerobic decomposition, but it remained high in anaerobic conditions. This paper confirms that Calluna shoots and litter are autotoxic, and demonstrates clear patterns related to decomposition processes. The potential consequences for vegetation dynamics are discussed.

  • Patrick, Z.A., Toussoun, T.A. and W.C. Snyder. 1963. Phytotoxicity substance in arable soils associated with decomposition of plant residues. Phytopathology 53:152-161.

    'Phytotoxicity substance in arable soils associated with decomposition of plant residues. ' () 53 Phytopathology : 152 -161.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rice, E.L. 1984. Allelopathy. Academic Press, London.

    Allelopathy. , ().

  • Schimpf, D.J. and N.P. Danz. 1999. Light passage through leaf litter: variation among northern hardwood trees. Agr. Forest Meteorol. 97:103-111.

    'Light passage through leaf litter: variation among northern hardwood trees. ' () 97 Agr. Forest Meteorol. : 103 -111.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Singh, H.P., Batish, R.D. and K.R. Kohli. 1999. Autotoxicity: concept, organisms and ecological significance. Crit. Rev. Plant Sci 18:757-772.

    'Autotoxicity: concept, organisms and ecological significance. ' () 18 Crit. Rev. Plant Sci : 757 -772.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Stotzky, G. 1997. Soil as an environments for microbial life. In: J.D. Van Elsas, J.T. Trevors and E.M.H. Wellington (eds.), Modern Soil Microbiology. Marcel Dekker, New York. pp. 1-20.

    Soil as an environments for microbial life. , () 1 -20.

  • Bever, D.J. 1994. Feedback between plants ant their soil communities in an old field community. Ecology 75:1965-1977.

    'Feedback between plants ant their soil communities in an old field community. ' () 75 Ecology : 1965 -1977.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bever, D.J. 2003. Soil community feedback and the coexistence of competitors: conceptual frameworks and empirical tests. New Phytol. 157:465-473.

    'Soil community feedback and the coexistence of competitors: conceptual frameworks and empirical tests. ' () 157 New Phytol. : 465 -473.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Blum, U., Shafer, S.R. and M.E. Lehman. 1999. Evidence for inhibitory allelopathic interactions involving phenolic acids in field soils: concepts vs. an experimental model. Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 18:673-693.

    'Evidence for inhibitory allelopathic interactions involving phenolic acids in field soils: concepts vs. an experimental model. ' () 18 Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. : 673 -693.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bonanomi, G. and S. Mazzoleni. 2005. Soil history affects plant growth and competitive ability in herbaceous species. Commun. Ecol. 6(1):23-28.

    'Soil history affects plant growth and competitive ability in herbaceous species. ' () 6 Commun. Ecol. : 23 -28.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Legg, C.J., Maltby, E. and M.C.F. Proctor. 1992. Ecology of severe moorland fire in the North York Moors: Seed distribution and seedling establishment of Calluna vulgaris. J. Ecol. 80:737-752.

    'Ecology of severe moorland fire in the North York Moors: Seed distribution and seedling establishment of ' () 80 Calluna vulgaris. J. Ecol. : 737 -752.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Makino, T., Takahashi, T., Sakurai, Y. And M. Nanzyo. 1996. Influence of soil chemical properties on adsorption and oxidation of phenolic acids in soil suspension. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 42:867-879.

    'Influence of soil chemical properties on adsorption and oxidation of phenolic acids in soil suspension. ' () 42 Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. : 867 -879.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mallik, A.U. and C.H. Gimingham. 1985. Ecological effects of heather burning. II. Effects on seed germination and vegetative regeneration. J. Ecol. 73:633-644.

    'Ecological effects of heather burning. II. Effects on seed germination and vegetative regeneration. ' () 73 J. Ecol. : 633 -644.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press.

    Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. , ().

  • McNaughton, S.J. 1968. Autotoxic feedback in relation to germination and seedling growth in Typha latifolia. Ecology 49:367-369.

    'Autotoxic feedback in relation to germination and seedling growth in Typha latifolia. ' () 49 Ecology : 367 -369.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Miller, D.A. 1996. Allelopathy in forage crop system. Agron. J. 36:854-859.

    'Allelopathy in forage crop system. ' () 36 Agron. J. : 854 -859.

  • Bonanomi, G., Sicurezza, M.G., Caporaso, S., Esposito, A. and S. Mazzoleni. 2005a. Phytotoxicity dynamics of decaying plant materials. New Phytol. "In press".

    'Phytotoxicity dynamics of decaying plant materials. ' () New Phytol. .

  • Bonanomi, G., Rietker, M., Dekker, S. and S. Mazzoleni. 2005b. Negative plant-soil feedback and positive species interaction in a herbaceous plant community. Plant Ecol. doi. 10.1007/s1 1258-005-7221-5.

    'Negative plant-soil feedback and positive species interaction in a herbaceous plant community. ' () Plant Ecol. .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bonanomi, G., Giannino, F. and S. Mazzoleni. 2005c. Negative plant-soil feedback and species coexistence. Oikos 111:311-321.

    'Negative plant-soil feedback and species coexistence. ' () 111 Oikos : 311 -321.

  • Callaway, M.R. and L. King. 1996. Temperature-driven variation in substrate oxygenation and the balance of competition and facilitation. Ecology 77:1189-1195.

    'Temperature-driven variation in substrate oxygenation and the balance of competition and facilitation. ' () 77 Ecology : 1189 -1195.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Chapman, S.B. 1967. Nutrient budgets for a dry heath ecosystem in the south of England. J. Ecol. 55:677-689.

    'Nutrient budgets for a dry heath ecosystem in the south of England. ' () 55 J. Ecol. : 677 -689.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Chou, C. and H. Lin. 1976. Autointoxication mechanism of Oriza sativa. Phytotoxic effects of decomposing rice residues in soil. J. Chem. Ecol. 2:353-367.

    'Autointoxication mechanism of Oriza sativa.Phytotoxic effects of decomposing rice residues in soil. ' () 2 J. Chem. Ecol. : 353 -367.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cochrane, V.W. 1948. The role of plant residues in the etiology of root rot. Phytopathology 38:185-196.

    'The role of plant residues in the etiology of root rot. ' () 38 Phytopathology : 185 -196.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • de Hullu, E. and C.H. Gimingham. 1984. Germination and establishment of seedlings in different phases of the Calluna life cycle in a Scottish heathland. Vegetatio 58:115-121.

    'Germination and establishment of seedlings in different phases of the Calluna life cycle in a Scottish heathland. ' () 58 Vegetatio : 115 -121.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Facelli, J.M. and S.T.A. Pickett. 1991. Plant litter: its dynamics and its role in plant community structure. Bot. Rev. 57:1-32.

    'Plant litter: its dynamics and its role in plant community structure. ' () 57 Bot. Rev. : 1 -32.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Facelli, J.M. 1994. Multiple indirect effects of plant litter affect the establishment of woody seedlings in old fields. Ecology 75:1727-1735.

    'Multiple indirect effects of plant litter affect the establishment of woody seedlings in old fields. ' () 75 Ecology : 1727 -1735.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gehringer, M.M., Kewada, V., Coates, N. and T.G. Downing. 2003. The use of Lepidium sativum in a plant bioassay system for the detection of microcystin-LR. Toxicon 41:871-876.

    'The use of Lepidium sativum in a plant bioassay system for the detection of microcystin-LR. ' () 41 Toxicon : 871 -876.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gimingham, C.H. 1972. Ecology of Heathlands. Chapman and Hall, London.

    Ecology of Heathlands. , ().

  • Heil, M., Delsinne, T., Hilpert, A., Schürkens, S., Andary, C., Lin-senmair, K.E., Sousa, S.M. and D. Mckey. 2002. Reduced chemical defence in ant-plants? A critical re-evaluation of a widely accepted hypothesis. Oikos 99:457-468.

    'Reduced chemical defence in ant-plants? A critical re-evaluation of a widely accepted hypothesis. ' () 99 Oikos : 457 -468.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hille, M. and J.D. Ouden. 2005. Charcoal and activated carbon as adsorbate of phytotoxic compounds - a comparative study. Oikos 108:202-207.

    'Charcoal and activated carbon as adsorbate of phytotoxic compounds - a comparative study. ' () 108 Oikos : 202 -207.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Inderjit, and R.M. Callaway. 2003. Experimental designs for the study of allelopathy. Plant Soil 256:1-11.

    'Experimental designs for the study of allelopathy. ' () 256 Plant Soil : 1 -11.

  • Jäderlund, A., Zackrisson, O. and M.C. Nilsson. 1996. Effect of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) litter on seed germination and early seedling growth of four boreal tree species. J. Chem. Ecol. 22:973-986.

    'Effect of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillusL.) litter on seed germination and early seedling growth of four boreal tree species. ' () 22 J. Chem. Ecol. : 973 -986.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Klironomos, J.N. 2002. Feedback with soil biota contributes to plant rarity and invasiveness in communities. Nature 417:67-70.

    'Feedback with soil biota contributes to plant rarity and invasiveness in communities. ' () 417 Nature : 67 -70.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Van der Putten, W.H., Van Dijk, C. and B.A.M. Peters. 1993. Plant-specific soil-borne diseases contribute to succession in foredune vegetation. Nature 362:53-56.

    'Plant-specific soil-borne diseases contribute to succession in foredune vegetation. ' () 362 Nature : 53 -56.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Van der Putten, W.H., Peters, B.A.M. and M.S. Van Den Berg. 1997. Effect of litter on substrate conditions and growth of emergent macrophytes. New Phytol. 135:527-537.

    'Effect of litter on substrate conditions and growth of emergent macrophytes. ' () 135 New Phytol. : 527 -537.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Watt, A.S. 1947. Pattern and process in the plant community. J. Ecol. 35:1-22.

    'Pattern and process in the plant community. ' () 35 J. Ecol. : 1 -22.

  • Wedin, D.A. and D. Tilman. 1993. Competition among grasses along a nitrogen gradient: initial conditions and mechanisms of competition. Ecol. Monogr. 63:199-229.

    'Competition among grasses along a nitrogen gradient: initial conditions and mechanisms of competition. ' () 63 Ecol. Monogr. : 199 -229.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Xiang, S. and C. Nilsson. 1999. The effect of plant litter on vegetation: a meta-analysis. J. Ecol. 27:984-994.

    'The effect of plant litter on vegetation: a meta-analysis. ' () 27 J. Ecol. : 984 -994.

  • Zucconi, F., Forte, M., Monaco, A. and M. DeBertoldi. 1981. Evaluating toxicity of immature compost. BioCycle 22:54-57.

    'Evaluating toxicity of immature compost. ' () 22 BioCycle : 54 -57.

  • Barclay-Estrup, P. and C.H. Gimingham. 1969. The description and interpretation of cyclic processes in a heath community I. Vegetation change in relation to the Calluna cycle. J. Ecol. 57:737-58.

    'The description and interpretation of cyclic processes in a heath community I. Vegetation change in relation to the Callunacycle. ' () 57 J. Ecol. : 737 -58.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bergelson, J. 1990. Life after death: site pre-emption by the remains of Poa annua. Ecology 71:2157-2165.

    'Life after death: site pre-emption by the remains of ' () 71 Poa annua. Ecology : 2157 -2165.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Armstrong, J., Armstrong, W. and W. Van der Putten. 1996. Phragmites die-back: bud and root death, blockages within the aeration and vascular systems and the possible role of phytotoxins. New Phytol. 133:399-414.

    'Phragmites die-back: bud and root death, blockages within the aeration and vascular systems and the possible role of phytotoxins. ' () 133 New Phytol. : 399 -414.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ballester, A., Albo, J.M. and E. Vietez. 1977. The allelopathic potential of Erica scoparia L. Oecologia (Berl.) 30:55-61.

    'The allelopathic potential of Erica scoparia L. ' () 30 Oecologia (Berl.) : 55 -61.

  • Nannipieri, P., Ascher, J., Ceccherini, M.T., Landi, L., Pietramellara, G. and G. Renella. 2003. Microbial diversity and soil functions. European Journal of Soil Science 54:655-670.

    'Microbial diversity and soil functions. ' () 54 European Journal of Soil Science : 655 -670.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Patrick, Z.A. 1971. Phytotoxic substance associated with the decomposition in soil of plant residues. Soil Sci. 111:13-18.

    'Phytotoxic substance associated with the decomposition in soil of plant residues. ' () 111 Soil Sci. : 13 -18.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gimingham, C.H. 1988. A reappraisal of the cyclical processes in Calluna heathland. Vegetatio 77:61-64.

    'A reappraisal of the cyclical processes in Calluna heathland. ' () 77 Vegetatio : 61 -64.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • An, M., Pratley, J.E. and T. Haig. 2001. Phytotoxicity of Vulpia residues: IV. Dynamics of allelochemicals during decomposition of Vulpia residues and their corresponding phytotoxicity. J. Chem. Ecol. 27:395-407.

    'Phytotoxicity of Vulpia residues: IV. Dynamics of allelochemicals during decomposition of Vulpiaresidues and their corresponding phytotoxicity. ' () 27 J. Chem. Ecol. : 395 -407.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Armstrong, J. and W. Armstrong. 2001. An overview of the effects of phytotoxins on Phragmites australis in relation to die-back. Aquat. Bot. 69:251-268.

    'An overview of the effects of phytotoxins on Phragmites australis in relation to die-back. ' () 69 Aquat. Bot. : 251 -268.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Harper, J.L. 1977. Population Biology of Plants. Academic Press, London.

    Population Biology of Plants. , ().

Click HERE for submission guidelines.


Manuscript submission: COMEC Manuscript Submission

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Podani, János

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jordán, Ferenc

Honorary Editor(s): Orlóci, László

Editorial Board

  • Madhur Anand, CAN (forest ecology, computational ecology, and ecological complexity)
  • S. Bagella, ITA (temporal dynamics, including succession, community level patterns of species richness and diversity, experimental studies of plant, animal and microbial communities, plant communities of the Mediterranean)
  • P. Batáry, HUN (landscape ecology, agroecology, ecosystem services)
  • P. A. V. Borges, PRT (community level patterns of species richness and diversity, sampling in theory and practice)
  • A. Davis, GER (supervised learning, multitrophic interactions, food webs, multivariate analysis, ecological statistics, experimental design, fractals, parasitoids, species diversity, community assembly, ticks, biodiversity, climate change, biological networks, cranes, olfactometry, evolution)
  • Z. Elek, HUN (insect ecology, invertebrate conservation, population dynamics, especially of long-term field studies, insect sampling)
  • T. Kalapos, HUN (community level plant ecophysiology, grassland ecology, vegetation-soil relationship)
  • G. M. Kovács, HUN (microbial ecology, plant-fungus interactions, mycorrhizas)
  • W. C. Liu,TWN (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, temporal dynamics, including succession, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment)
  • L. Mucina, AUS (vegetation survey, syntaxonomy, evolutionary community ecology, assembly rules, global vegetation patterns, mediterranean ecology)
  • P. Ódor, HUN (plant communities, bryophyte ecology, numerical methods)
  • F. Rigal, FRA (island biogeography, macroecology, functional diversity, arthropod ecology)
  • D. Rocchini, ITA (biodiversity, multiple scales, spatial scales, species distribution, spatial ecology, remote sensing, ecological informatics, computational ecology)
  • F. Samu, HUN (landscape ecology, biological control, generalist predators, spiders, arthropods, conservation biology, sampling methods)
  • U. Scharler, ZAF (ecological networks, food webs, estuaries, marine, mangroves, stoichiometry, temperate, subtropical)
  • D. Schmera, HUN (aquatic communities, functional diversity, ecological theory)
  • M. Scotti, GER (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment, ecological networks)
  • B. Tóthmérész, HUN (biodiversity, soil zoology, spatial models, macroecology, ecological modeling)
  • S. Wollrab, GER (aquatic ecology, food web dynamics, plankton ecology, predator-prey interactions)

 

Advisory Board

  • S. Bartha, HUN
  • S.L. Collins, USA
  • T. Czárán, HUN
  • E. Feoli, ITA
  • N. Kenkel, CAN
  • J. Lepš, CZE
  • S. Mazzoleni, ITA
  • Cs. Moskát, HUN
  • B. Oborny, HUN
  • M.W. Palmer, USA
  • G.P. Patil, USA
  • V. de Patta Pillar, BRA
  • C. Ricotta, ITA
  • Á. Szentesi, HUN

PODANI, JÁNOS
E-mail: podani@ludens.elte.hu


JORDÁN, FERENC
E-mail: jordan.ferenc@gmail.com

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • Elsevier/Geo Abstracts
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS
  • Zoological Abstracts

 

 

Community Ecology
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2000
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
2
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1585-8553 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2756 (Online)