The pictorial cycle from the life of St. Elizabeth on the main altar retable in Kaschau (Kassa, Košice) has been interpreted several times from different perspectives. A summary of those interpretations, given in this article, is understood as a way to a new, integrative approach, identifying the interrelations of different contexts of the pictures. The pictures were understood as an integral part of the winged altarpiece, which explains their unusual shape, but also some aesthetic and theological qualities (splendor and claritas). The complicated relation of the pictures to their textual sources in the case of the iconographically innovative composition (Saint's vision in the hospital) can only explained by considering their possible visual sources. The next level of interpretation – comparing different pictures – offers two main strategies: when focused on the similarity of individual motives, it leads to older works (e.g. to Albrechtsaltar), when considering the emotional impact, the new generation of Netherlandish influenced masters (e.g. Schottenmeister) seems to be important. In the social context, some specific aspects addressed merchants and artisans of the medieval town, another the intellectuals (and patrons), influenced by the devotio moderna movement.