Eclipsed by his better-known contemporaries, Johann Norbert Baumgartner is chiefly remembered today as the painter of the Kapuzinerkirche in Vienna. Himself having been a Capuchin, the bulk of his activity fell into Hungary, where several convents were built newly or needed refurbishment within a remarkably short time-span. The Capuchin monastic centres at Bratislava (Pozsony, Preßburg), Mór, Mosonmagyaróvár, Mosonszentmiklós and Máriabesnyő were all decorated by Baumgartner who also carried out a number of other ecclesiastical projects, both in Hungary and elsewhere. Of particular importance are the four sopraporte in the Roman Capuchin church, S. Maria della Concezione. His Neo-Classical style and local presence was highly esteemed in Hungary at the turn of the nineteenth century, when art and national thought began to mingle.