View More View Less
Restricted access

The round statue of enthroned Tyche was originally displayed in the middle of the front row of seats in the west theatre of Umm Qais. The statue of high quality is made of ivory coloured marble, while the theatre is constructed of black basalt stone. This contrast of colour and material made the statue stand out and intensified the beauty of the theatre. The statue has been moved by the Department of Antiquities of Jordan and displayed at Umm Qais Archaeological Museum, registered as number 13c. The Gadara Tyche appeared with one of the main symbols of the goddess, the cornucopia.

Highly realistic and geometric models of cultural heritage objects are attractive tools for documentation, preservation and promotion purposes. 3D imaging, using dense stereo matching techniques, is used for accurate and realistic modeling of the Tyche statue and the theatre of Umm Qais. Acquiring 3D surfaces with image matching solutions has many advantages related to the flexibility, cost effectiveness of, and need for short data collection time on the site without disturbance to the site’s visitors.

  • Alshawabkeh et al. 2010

    Alshawabkeh, Y.Bal’awi, F.Haala, N.: 3D Digital Documentation, Assessment, and Damage Quantification of the Al-Deir Monument in the Ancient City of Petra, Jordan, Journal of Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 12. 2. 2010. 124145.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Auge 1990

    Auge, Ch.: Sur la Figure de Tyche en Nabatene et dans la province d’Arabie, in Petra and the Caravan Cities, Amman: Department of Antiquities, 1990. 131146.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Balty 1981

    Balty, J. Ch.: Antiocheia, in Lexicon iconographicum mythologiae classicae 1., Zürich – München: Artemis & Winkler Verlag, 1981. 840851.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Basile 1997

    Basile, J.: A Head of the Goddess Tyche from Petra, Jordan, Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan XLI. 1997. 255262.

  • Basmachi 1972

    Basmachi, F.: Treasures of the Iraq Museum, Baghdad: Department of Antiquities, 1972. (Art Series 17)

  • Bieber 1961

    Bieber, M.: The Sculpture of the Hellenistic Age, revised edition, New York: Columbia University Press, 1961.

  • Burn 2004

    Burn, L.: Hellenistic Art, from Alexander the Great to Augustus, London: British Museum Press, 2004.

  • Colledge 1976

    Colledge, M.: The Art of Palmyra, London: Thames & Hudson, 1976.

  • Dellepiane et al. 2013

    Dellepiane, M.Dell’Unto, N.Callieri, M.Lindgren, S.Scopigno, R.: Archeological Excavation Monitoring Using Dense Stereo Matching Techniques, Journal of Cultural Heritage 14. 3. 2013. 201210.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dohrn 1960

    Dohrn, T.: Die Tyche von Antiochia, Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1960.

  • Friedland–Tykot 2010

    Friedland, E.Tykot, R.: The Quarry Origins of Nine Roman Marble Sculptures from Amman/Philadelphia and Gadara\Umm Qays, Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan LIV. 2010. 177188.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Glueck 1965

    Glueck, N.: Deities and Dolphins, The Story of the Nabataeans, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1965.

  • Grussenmeyer et al. 2012

    Grussenmeyer, P.Alby, E.Landes, T.Koehl, M.Guillemin, S.Hullo, J.-F.Assali, P.Smigiel, E.: Recording Approach of Heritage Sites Based on Merging Point Clouds from High Resolution Photogrammetry and Terrestrial Laser Scanning, International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences XXXIX-B5. 2012. (XXII ISPRS Congress, 25 August – 01 September 2012, Melbourne, Australia) 553558.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hirschmüller 2008

    Hirschmüller, H.: Stereo Processing by Semi-Global Matching and Mutual Information, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 30. 2. 2008. 328341.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Joukowsky 1996

    Joukowsky, M.: 1995 Archaeological Excavation of the Southern Temple at Petra, Jordan, Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan XL. 1996. 177206.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lichocka 1997

    Lichocka, B.: L‘iconographie de Fortuna dans l‘Empire Romain. Ier siècle de n.è. – IVe siècle de n.è., Varsovie: Zakład Archeologii Śródziemnomorskiej Polskiej Akademii Nauk, 1997. (Travaux du Centre d’Archéologie Méditerréenne de l’Académie Polonaise des Sciences, Tome 29)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lyttelton 1990

    Lyttelton, M.: Aspects of the Iconography of the Sculptural Decoration of the Khasneh at Petra, in Petra and the Caravan Cities, Amman: Department of Antiquities, 1990. 1929.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ma’ayah 1960

    Ma’ayah, F.: Recent Archaeological Discoveries in Jordan, Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan IV, V. 1960. 114116.

  • McKenzie 2005

    McKenzie, J.: The Architecture of Petra, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2005.

  • Meshorer 1975

    Meshorer, Y.: Nabataean Coins, Qedem 3, Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1975.

  • Meyer 1996

    Meyer, M.: „Neue” Bilder. Zur Verwendung und zum Verständnis von bildlichen Darstellungen in der Levante, in Hellenismus. Beiträge zur Erforschung von Akkulturation und politischer Ordnung in den Staaten des hellenistischen Zeitalters, Akten des Internationalen Hellenismus- Kolloquiums 9. – 14. März 1994 in Berlin, ed. Funck, B., Tübingen: Mohr, 1996. 243254.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nex–Rinaudo 2008

    Nex, F.Rinaudo, F.: Multi-Image Matching: An ‘Old and New’ Photogrammetric Answer to Lidar Techniques, International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences XXXVII/B5. 2008. 621626.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Parr 1957

    Parr, P. J.: Recent Discoveries at Petra, Palestine Exploration Quarterly 89. 1957. 516.

  • Patrich 1990

    Patrich, J.: The Formation of Nabataean Art 2, Prohibition of a Graven Image among the Nabataeans, Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1990.

  • Ridgway 1990

    Ridgway, B.: Hellenistic Sculpture I, the Styles of ca. 331–200 B.C., Madison, Wisc.: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1990 [2001 2]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rothermel et al. 2012

    Rothermel, M.Wenzel, K.Fritsch, D.Haala, N.: SURE: Photogrammetric Surface Reconstruction from Imagery, Proceedings LCD Workshop, Berlin, December 2012. 19. –

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stewart 1998

    Stewart, W.: Dictionary of Images and Symbols in Counseling, Britain, Gateshead – Tyne and Wear: Athenaeum Press, 1998.

  • Villeneuve et al. 2002

    Villeneuve, F. et al.: Khirbeth al-Dharih from Nabataens to the Beginning of Islam, Amman, 2002. (in Arabic; French version: Khirbet edh-Dharih: des Nabatéens au premier Islam, Catalogue de l’exposition à la mairie d’Amman, octobre-décembre 2002, Amman)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Weber 2002

    Weber, T.: Gadara-Umm Qais I: Gadara Decapolitana. Untersuchungen zur Topograhie, Geschichte, Architektur und der bildenden Kunst einer „Polis Hellenis“ im Ostjordanland, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2002. (Abhandlungen des Deutshen Palestina-Vereins 30,1)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu 2011

    Wu, C.: VisualSFM: A Visual Structure from Motion System, 2011. –


The author instruction is available in PDF.

Please, download the file from HERE


Senior editors

Editor-in-Chief: Lővei, Pál

Editorial Board

  • Lővei Pál (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Művészettörténeti Intézet)
  • Beke László (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Művészettörténeti Intézet)
  • Bodnár Szilvia (Szépművészeti Múzeum)
  • Galavics Géza (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Művészettörténeti Intézet)
  • Marosi Ernő (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Művészettörténeti Intézet)
  • Sisa József (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Művészettörténeti Intézet)
  • Takács Imre (ELTE BTK Művészettörténeti Intézet)
  • Evelin Wetter (Abegg-Stiftung)

Acta Historiae Artium
P.O. Box 27
HU–1250 Budapest,Hungary
Phone: (06 1) 375 0493
Fax: (06 1) 356 1849

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Historical Abstracts
  • International Bibliographies IBZ and IBR





Acta Historiae Artium
Publication Model Print Only
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge  
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency  
Further Discounts  
Subscription fee 2021 Print subscription: 501 EUR / 626 USD
Subscription fee 2022 Print subscription: 513 EUR / 640 USD
Purchase per Title  

Acta Historiae Artium
Language English
Size A4
Year of
2021 Volume 62
per Year
per Year
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0001-5830 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2608 (Online)