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  • 1 Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China
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The aldol condensation of methyl acetate with formaldehyde to form methyl acrylate was studied in a continuous-flow reactor using a series of supported cesium basic catalysts with commercially available materials (ZSM-5, SiO2, and γ-Al2O3) as carriers prepared by vacuum impregnation. The catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption-desorption, Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia and carbon dioxide (NH3/CO2-TPD). The obtained results indicated that the selectivity of methyl acrylate was mainly influenced by the properties of supports. The formation of acetone is approximately proportional to the acidity of supports. The basicity of the catalysts was favorable to the formation of methyl acrylate according to the results of CO2-TPD. The hydrolysis of methyl acetate was inhibited over Cs-HT-SiO2 prepared by SiO2 after hydrothermal treatment. Furthermore, SiO2 with the large mesoporous volume is superior to other supports, which shows the best catalytic activity for the aldol condensation reaction. On the other hand, the catalytic performance of zeolite basic catalysts was strongly influenced by the effect of reactant diffusion. Internal diffusion resulted in the increase of conversion of methyl acetate with increasing specific surface area, while the conversion of methyl acetate decreased with increasing the weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) due to the external diffusion.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 3.622
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.795
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 20
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q1 Chemistry (miscellenous)
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q1 Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q2 Organic Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.277
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.58
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 17
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q1 Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Organic Chemistry

Journal of Flow Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2011
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Áramlásos Kémiai Tudományos Társaság
Founder's
Address
H-1031 Budapest, Hungary Záhony utca 7.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2062-249X (Print)
ISSN 2063-0212 (Online)