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  • 1 University of Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28, A-8010 Graz, Austria
  • 2 Research Center Pharmaceutical Engineering (RCPE), Inffeldgasse 13, 8010 Graz, Austria
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  • 1. (a)

    Microwave Heating as a Tool for Sustainable Chemistry, Leadbeater, N. E., Ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2011

  • (b)

    Kappe, C. O.; Stadler, A.; Dallinger, D. Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry, 2nd ed.; Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, 2012

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    Microwaves in Organic Synthesis, de la Hoz, A.; Loupy, A., Eds.; Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, 2012.

  • 2.

    For a review describing the translation of microwave batch to continuous-flow protocols (“microwave-to-flow paradigm”), see: Glasnov, T. N.; Kappe, C. O. Chem. Eur. J. 2011, 17, 1195611968.

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  • 3. For reviews on flow chemistry under high-T/p conditions, see: (a)

    Hessel, V.; Kralisch, D.; Krtschil, U. Energy Environ. Sci. 2008, 1, 467478

  • (b)

    Hessel, V.; Kralisch, D.; Kockmann, N.; Noël, T.; Wang, Q. ChemSusChem 2013, 6, 746789

  • (c)

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  • 4. For recent general reviews on flow chemistry, see: (a)

    Movsisyan, M.; Delbeke, E. I. P.; Berton, J. K. E. T.; Battilocchio, C.; Ley, S. V.; Stevens, C. V. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2016, 45, 48924928

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    Ley, S. V.; Fitzpatrick, D. E.; Ingham R. J.; Myers, R. M. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 34493464

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  • (g)

    Baxendale, I. R.; Brocken, L.; Mallia, C. J. Green Proc. Synth. 2013, 2, 211230

  • (h)

    Wiles, C.; Watts, P. Green Chem. 2012, 14, 3854.

  • 5. (a)

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    Hessel, V.; Kralisch, D.; Kockmann, N. Novel Process Windows; Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, 2014.

  • 6.

    Hessel, V. Chem. Eng. Technol. 2009, 32, 16551681.

  • 7.

    For a recent example where high-T/p conditions were applied for the generation of a pharmaceutical ingredient on a multikilogram scale, see: May, S. A.; Johnson, M. D.; Braden, T. M.; Calvin, J. R.; Haeberle, B. D.; Jines, A. R.; Miller, R. D.; Plocharczyk, E. F.; Rener, G. A.; Richey, R. N.; Schmid, C. R.; Vaid, R. K.; Yu, H. Org. Process Res. Dev. 2012, 16, 9821002.

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  • 18.

    Fekete, M. ; Glasnov, T. N. In Flow Chemistry. Vol. 1; Darvas, F.; Hessel, V.; Dorman, G. Eds.; De Gruyter: Berlin, 2014; Ch. 4, pp. 95140.

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