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  • 1 University of Debrecen, Hungary
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The world’s energy consumption continues to increase, which results in demographic changes, living standard increases and technical development. In the world and Hungary the interest in biomass crops also has increased considerably over the previous decades. This paper summarizes the most important biological, biotechnological and agronomical researches and results of our working group, in Department of Agricultural Botany, Plant Physiology and Plant Biotechnology, University of Debrecen. It represents our research group publications and introduces some efficient propagation possibilities of promising new perennial bioenergy crops, giant reed (Arundo donax L.) and Virginia fanpetals (Sida hermaphrodita Rushby).

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    Ministry of National Development (2012), National Energy Strategy 2030, Hungary.

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    EC. Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Commission, data provision under Article 4(3). (2010). Hungary’s renewable energy utilisation action plan on trends in the use of renewable energy sources until 2020. December, 2010.

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    Perdue R. E. (1958), Arundo donax – Source of musical reeds and industrial cellulose. Economic Botany, 12, 368404.

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    Bell G. (1997), Ecology and management of Arundo donax, and approaches to the riparian habitat restoration in southern California. In: Plant invasions: studies from North America and Europe, Brock J., Wade M., Pysek P., Green D. (eds). pp. 103113.

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    Mariani C. , Cabrini R. et al. (2010), Origin, diffusion and reproduction of the giant reed (Arundo donax L.): a promising weedy energy crop. Annals of Applied Biology, 157(2), 191202.

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    Shatalov A. A. , Quilho T., Pereira H. (2001), Arundo donax L. reed: new perspectives for pulping and bleaching. 1. Raw material characterisation. Tappi Journal, 84(1), 110.

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    Williams C. M. J. , Biswas T. K. et al. (2009), Use of poor quality water to produce high biomass yields of giant reed (Arundo donax L.) on marginal lands for biofuel or pulp/paper. Intern. Symposium on Underutilized Plants for Food Security, Nutrition, Income and Sustainable Development. Acta Horticulturae, 806(2), 595602.

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  • [9]

    Alshaal T. , Domokos-Szabolcsy É. et al. (2013), Phytoremediation of bauxite-derived red mud by giant reed (Arundodonax L.). Journal Environmental Chemistry Letters, 11(3), 295302.

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    Alshaal T. , Domokos-Szabolcsy É. et al. (2013), Restoring soil ecosystems and biomass production of Arundo donax L. under microbial communities-depleted soil. Bioenergy Research, 7(1), 268278.

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  • [11]

    Elhawat N. , Alshaal T., Domokos-Szabolcsy É. et al. (2014), Phytoaccumulation potentials of two biotechnologically propagated ecotypes of Arundo donax in copper-contaminated synthetic wastewater. Environmental Science and Pollution Research Journal, 21(12), 77737780.

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    Christou M. (2001), Giant reed in Europe. In: Proceedings of the First World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, Sevilla, Spain, 59 June, pp. 20892091.

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    Lewandowski I. , Scurlock J. M. O. et al. (2003), The development and current status of perennial rhizomatous grasses as energy crops in the US and Europe. Biomass & Bioenergy, 25, 335361.

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    Angelini L. G. , Ceccarini L., Bonary E. (2005), Biomass yield and energy balance of giant reed (Arundo donax L.) cropped in central Italy as related to different management practices. European Journal of Agronomy, 22, 375389.

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    Mantineo M. , D’Agosta G. M. et al. (2009), Biomass yield and energy balance of three perennial crops for energy use in the semi-arid Mediterranean environment. Field Crops Research, 114, 204213.

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    Pilu R. , Manca A., Landoni M. (2013), Arundo donax as an energy crop: pros and cons of the utilization of this perennial plant. Review article. Open access. Maydica electronic publication, 2013. 5459. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/248390352_Arundo_donax_as_an_energy_crop_pros_and_cons_of_the_utilizationof_this_perennial_plant

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    Bentini M. , Martelli R. (2013), Prototype for the harvesting of cultivated herbaceous energy crops, an economic and technical evaluation. Biomass & Bioenergy, 57, 229237.

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    Angelini L. G. , Ceccarini L. et al. (2009), Comparison of Arundo donax L. and Miscanthus x giganteus in a longterm field experiment in Central Italy: analysis of productive characteristics and energy balance. Biomass & Bioenergy, 33, 635643.

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  • [20]

    Spooner D. M. , Cusick A. W. et al. (1985), Observations on the distribution and ecology of Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby (Malvaceae) Sida. Contributions to Botany, 11(2), 215225.

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    Borkowska H. , Molas R. (2011), Two extremely different crops, Salix and Sida, as sources of renewable bioenergy. Biomass & Bioenergy, 46, 234240.

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    Borkowska H. , Wardzińska K. (2003), Some effects of Sida hermaphrodita R. cultivation on sewage sludge. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 10, 119.

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    Kasprzyk A. , Leszczuk A. S. (2014), Virginia Mallow (Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby) – Properties and Application. Modern Phytomorphology, 6. 91.

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  • [25]

    Chudzik B. , Szczuka E., et al. (2010), The structure of the ovule of Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby after pollination. Acta Agrobotanica, 63(2), 311.

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  • [26]

    Kurucz E. , Szarvas P., Fári M. G. (2012), Az amerikai bársonymályva (Sida hermaphrodita L. Rusby), mint mérsékelt égövi cserjepótló mályvaféle többcélú hasznosításának lehetőségei (Alternatives of the multiple use of Virginia mallow (Sida hermaphrodita L. Rusby). Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, 46, 5157.

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    Antal G. , Fári M. G. (2013), Spontaneous viviparia and nodal shoot formation after winter season in giant reed (Arundo donax L.). “Plants for the future” Conference, Plant biotechnology for the future of agriculture in the Central European region conference, 30th September – 2nd October, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, pp. 3738.

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    Kurucz E. , Koroknai J., Domokos-Szabolcsy É. et al. (2013), A penszilvániai energiamályva (Sida hermaphrodita L. Rusby) szárszín-változatok gyökérdugványozása. In: Hoffman B., Kollaricsné Horváth M. (eds.), XIX. Növénynemesítési Tudományos Napok. Keszthely, Magyarország, 03.07. 2013, Budapest, MTA Agrártudományok Osztálya, pp. 112.

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    Antal G. , Kurucz E. et al. (2014), Tissue culture and agamic propagation of winter-frost tolerant ‘Longicaulis’ Arundodonax L. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal (in press).

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    Antal G. , Kurucz E., Fári M. G. (2014), Utilization of marginal lands with biomass plants: researching biotechnological, ecological and economic aspects. The 11th International Conference of ESSS, Climate Changes and Sustainable Development of Natural Resources, 47 May, 2014, Cairo, Egypt. pp. 8384.

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    El-Ramady H. , Domokos-Szabolcsy É. et al. (2014), Selenium and nano-selenium in agroecosystems. Environmental Chemistry Letters (in press). doi: 10.1007/s10311-014-0476-0.

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    Dolinski R. (2009), Influence of treatment with hot water, chemical scarification and storage time on germination of Virginia fanpetals, Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby seeds. Buletyn Instytutu Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roslin, 251, 293303.

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    Kurucz E. Fári M. G. (2013), Relation between the germination and infection ratio on Sida hermaphrodita L Rusby seeds under hotwater treatment. International Journal of Horticulture Sciences, 19(12), 117121.

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    Kurucz E. , Fári M. G. (2013), Improvement of germination capacity of Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby by seed priming techniques. International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 4(2), 137142.

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    Kurucz E. , Antal G. et al. (2014), Cost-effective mass propagation of Virginia Fanpetals (Sida hermaphrodita L. Rusby) from seeds. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal (in press).

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    Domokos-Szabolcsy É. , Abd Alla N. et al. (2014). In vitro comparative study of two Arundo donax L. ecotypes’selenium tolerance. International Journal of HorticulturalScience (Budapest, in press).

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    Domokos-Szabolcsy É. , Antal G. (2014), Arundo donax a talajszennyezés ellen (Arundo donax L. against soil pollution). Magyar Mezőgazdaság, 69(29), 2223.

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    Kaprinyák T. (2014), Innovative research of ornamental plants at University of Debrecen. International Journal of Horticultural Science (Budapest, in press).

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