View More View Less
  • 1 University of Debrecen, Debrecen
  • | 2 University of Debrecen, Debrecen
Restricted access

Detailed analysis of household generated greywater (GW) samples is an essential task for the design of treatment systems before reuse. In this paper modern analytical methods will be discussed, which were applied to determine the ionic and elemental concentration of different GW samples. Ion chromatography (IC) and Microwave plasma atomic emission spectrometry (MP-AES) methods were used to spoor the composition of GW samples. It was shown that from the IC results and from calculated parameters (Na ee% and SAR) the application of raw or treated GW flows for irrigation is controlled. According to the elemental concentration, GW samples from laundry/kitchen sink and dishwasher proved to be the most contaminated compared to drinking water, while the concentration of the measured elements did not elevate as significantly in GW samples from shower/bathtub.

  • Allen L. , Christian-Smith J., Palaniappan M. (2010), Overview of Greywater Reuse: The Potential of Greywater Systems to Aid Sustainable Water Management, Pacific Institute, Oakland, California, USA.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Antonopoulou G. , Kirkou A., Stasinakis A. S. (2013). Quantitative and qualitative greywater characterization in Greek households and investigation of their treatment using physicochemical methods, Science of The Total Environment, 454455, 426432.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Boyjoo Y. , Pareek V. K., Ang M. (2013), A review of greywater characteristics and treatment processes, Water Science & Technology, 67, 14031424.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braga J. K. , Varesche M. B. A. (2014), Commercial Laundry Water Characterisation. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 5, 816.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Broekaert J. A. C. , Engel U. (2000), Microwave-induced plasma systems in atomic spectroscopy. R. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry Wiley, Chichester, UK, pp. 96139667.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Broekaert J. A. C. , Siemens V. (2004), Recent trends in atomic spectrometry with microwave-induced plasmas, Spectrochim. Acta B, 59, 18231839.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ghaitidak D. M. , Yadav K. D. (2013), Characteristics and treatment of greywater – a review, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20, 27952809.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EC Directive (1998), Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption, Official Journal of the European Communities, L330/32, Brussel, Belgium.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fehér A. (2012), Presentation of the elements of water qualification based on salt equilibrium on example of Lázbérc water reservoir, József Eötvös College of Technology and Economics, Water Supply and Environmental Engineering Institute, Baja, Hungary

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fifield F. W. , Haines P. J. (2000): Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 2nd Edition, Wiley-Blackwell

  • Forian S. , Tamas J. (2013), Temporal of precipitation in Debrecen (Hungary) in the period 1901–2011, International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, 4, 232241.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Friedler E. (2004), Quality of individual domestic greywater streams and its implication for on-site treatment and reuse possibilities, Environmental Technology, 25, 9971008.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Friedler E. , Hadari (2006), Economic feasibility of on-site greywater reuse in multi-storey buildings, Desalination, 190, 221234.

  • Fritz J. S. , Gjerde D. T. (2009), Ion chromatography, Wiley-VCH, Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany

  • GR. (2008), Government Regulation No. 90/2008 (VII.18). Detailed rules for the preparation of soil conservation plan (in Hungarian) On line at: http://www.net.jogtar.hu/jr/gen/hjegy_doc.cgi?docid=A0800090.FVM

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hammer M. R. (2008), A magnetically excited microwave plasma source for atomic emission spectroscopy with performance approaching that of the inductively coupled plasma, Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, 63, 456464.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hernández Leal L. Soeter A.M. Kools S.A.E. Kraak M.H.S. Parsons J.R. Temmik H. Zeeman G. Buisman C.J.N. (2012), Ecotoxicological assessment of grey water treatment systems with Daphnia magna and Chironomus riparius, Water Research, 46, 10381044.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hernández Leal L. , Temmink H., Zeeman G., Buisman C. J. N. (2011), Characterization and anaerobic biodegradability of grey water, Desalination, 270, 111115.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hungarian Investment and Trade Agency, HITA (2013), The Hungarian water and sanitation industry in the 21st century, Budapest, Hungary, Online: http://www.budapestwatersummit.hu/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jackson P.E. (2000), Ion chromatography in Environmental Analysis, Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK, pp. 27792801.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kariuki F.W. , Ng’ang’a V.G., Kotut K. (2012), Hydrochemical Characteristics, Plant Nutrients and Metals in Household Greywater and Soils in Homa Bay Town, The Open Environmental Engineering Journal, 5, 103109.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Labhasetwar P. , Godfrey S., Wate S. (2009), Greywater reuse in residential schools in Madhya Pradesh, India – A case study of cost–benefit analysis. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 53, 287293.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Li W. , Simmons P., Shrader D., Herrman T. J., Dai S. Y. (2013), Microwave plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy as a tool for the determination of copper, iron, manganese and zinc in animal feed and fertilizer, Talanta, 112, 4348.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mcdowell M. M. , Ivey M. M., Lee M. E., Firpo V. V. V. D., Salmassi T. M., Khachikian C. S., Foster K. L. (2004), Detection of hypophosphite, phosphyte, and orthophosphate in natural geotermal water by ion chromatography, Journal of Chromatography A, 1039, 105111.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Morel A. (2005), Greywater treatment on household level in developing countries – a state of the art review, On line at: http://www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/1047. Accessed 12 September 2014.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Morel A. , Diner S. (2006), Greywater management in Low and Middel-Income Countries Review of different treatment systems for households or neighbourhoods, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Scien. and Techn. (Eawag), Dubendorf, Switzerland.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Palmquist H. , Hanæus J. (2005), Hazardous substances in separately collected grey-and blackwater from ordinary Swedish households, Science of the Total Environment, 348, 151163.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pidou M. , Avery L., Stephenson T., Jeffery P., Parsons S. A., Liu S, Memon F. A., Jefferson B. (2008), Chemical solutions for greywater recycling, Chemosphere, 71, 147155.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Reichman S. M. , Wightwick A. M. (2013), Impacts of standard and ‘low environmental impact’ greywater irrigation on soil and plant nutrients and ecology, Applied Soil Ecology 72, 195202.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rodda N. , Salukazan L., Jackson S. A. F., Smith M. T. (2011), Use of domestic greywater for small-scale irrigation of food crops: Effects on plants and soil, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C 36, 10511062.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • World Health Organization (1996), WHO Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, 2nd edition, Volume 2 – Health criteria and other supporting information, Geneva, Switzerland. On line at: http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/gdwq2v1/en/index1.html.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • World Health Organization (2006), WHO Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater. Volume 4, excreta and greywater use in agriculture, Geneva, Switzerland, On line at: http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/wastewater/gsuweg4/en/index.html.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.
Submit Your Manuscript
 

Senior editors

Editor-in-Chief: Ákos, Lakatos

Founder, former Editor-in-Chief (2011-2020): Ferenc Kalmár

Founding Editor: György Csomós

Associate Editor: Derek Clements Croome

Associate Editor: Dezső Beke

Editorial Board

  • M. N. Ahmad, Institute of Visual Informatics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
  • M. Bakirov, Center for Materials and Lifetime Management Ltd., Moscow, Russia
  • N. Balc, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • U. Berardi, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada
  • I. Bodnár, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • S. Bodzás, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • F. Botsali, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey
  • S. Brunner, Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
  • I. Budai, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • C. Bungau, University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania
  • M. De Carli, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
  • R. Cerny, Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic
  • Gy. Csomós, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • T. Csoknyai, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
  • G. Eugen, University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania
  • J. Finta, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
  • A. Gacsadi, University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania
  • E. A. Grulke, University of Kentucky, Lexington, United States
  • J. Grum, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • G. Husi, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • G. A. Husseini, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
  • N. Ivanov, Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • A. Járai, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
  • G. Jóhannesson, The National Energy Authority of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • L. Kajtár, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary
  • F. Kalmár, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • T. Kalmár, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • M. Kalousek, Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republik
  • J. Koci, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
  • V. Koci, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
  • I. Kocsis, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • I. Kovács, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • É. Lovra, Univesity of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • T. Mankovits, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • I. Medved, Slovak Technical University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
  • L. Moga, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • M. Molinari, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
  • H. Moravcikova, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia
  • P. Mukhophadyaya, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada
  • H. S. Najm, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, United States
  • J. Nyers, Subotica Tech - College of Applied Sciences, Subotica, Serbia
  • B. W. Olesen, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
  • S. Oniga, North University of Baia Mare, Baia Mare, Romania
  • J. N. Pires, Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
  • L. Pokorádi, Óbuda University, Budapest, Hungary
  • A. Puhl, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • R. Rabenseifer, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republik
  • M. Salah, Hashemite University, Zarqua, Jordan
  • D. Schmidt, Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology IWES, Kassel, Germany
  • L. Szabó, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Cs. Szász, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • J. Száva, Transylvania University of Brasov, Brasov, Romania
  • P. Szemes, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • E. Szűcs, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • R. Tarca, University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania
  • Zs. Tiba, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • L. Tóth, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
  • A. Trnik, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Nitra, Slovakia
  • I. Uzmay, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
  • T. Vesselényi, University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania
  • N. S. Vyas, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India
  • D. White, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
  • S. Yildirim, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey

International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Address of the institute: Faculty of Engineering, University of Debrecen
H-4028 Debrecen, Ótemető u. 2-4. Hungary
Email: irase@eng.unideb.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • DOAJ
  • Google Scholar
  • ProQuest
  • SCOPUS
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory

 

2020  
Scimago
H-index
5
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,165
Scimago
Quartile Score
Engineering (miscellaneous) Q3
Environmental Engineering Q4
Information Systems Q4
Management Science and Operations Research Q4
Materials Science (miscellaneous) Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
102/116=0,9
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
General Engineering 205/297 (Q3)
Environmental Engineering 107/146 (Q3)
Information Systems 269/329 (Q4)
Management Science and Operations Research 139/166 (Q4)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) 64/98 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,26
Scopus
Cites
57
Scopus
Documents
36
Days from submission to acceptance 84
Days from acceptance to publication 348
Acceptance
Rate

23%

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
4
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,229
Scimago
Quartile Score
Engineering (miscellaneous) Q2
Environmental Engineering Q3
Information Systems Q3
Management Science and Operations Research Q4
Materials Science (miscellaneous) Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
46/81=0,6
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
General Engineering 227/299 (Q4)
Environmental Engineering 107/132 (Q4)
Information Systems 259/300 (Q4)
Management Science and Operations Research 136/161 (Q4)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) 60/86 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,866
Scopus
Cites
35
Scopus
Documents
47
Acceptance
Rate
21%

 

International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Publication Model Gold Open Access
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 1100 EUR/article
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Limited number of full waiver available. Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription Information Gold Open Access
Purchase per Title  

International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2010
Publication
Programme
2021 Volume 12
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
3
Founder Debreceni Egyetem
Founder's
Address
H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary Egyetem tér 1
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2062-0810 (Print)
ISSN 2063-4269 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Feb 2021 9 0 0
Mar 2021 8 0 0
Apr 2021 7 0 0
May 2021 8 0 0
Jun 2021 8 1 1
Jul 2021 3 0 0
Aug 2021 0 0 0