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  • 1 Biomedical Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Nutrition, Juárez University of Durango State, Durango, Avenida Universidad, S/N. 34000, Mexico
  • 2 Institute for Scientific Research “Dr. Roberto Rivera-Damm”, Juárez University of Durango State, Durango, Avenida Universidad, S/N. 34000, Mexico
  • 3 Clínica de Medicina Familiar, Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado, Durango, Predio Canoas, S/N. 34079, Mexico
  • 4 Institute for Microbiology and Hygiene, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité Medical School, Berlin, Hindenburgdamm 27, D-12203, Germany
  • 5 Laboratorio de Investigación Biomédica, Facultad de Medicina y Nutrición, Avenida Universidad, Durango, Dgo, S/N. 34000, México
  • 6 Roche Molecular Diagnostics Medical and Scientific Affairs, Roche Molecular Systems, Pleasanton, CA, 94588, USA
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Abstract

Purpose:

The seroprevalence of infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii and the association with risk factors has not been determined in inmates. Through a case-control study, 166 inmates from a state correctional facility in Durango City, Mexico and 166 age- and gender-matched non-incarcerated subjects were examined for the presence of anti-T. gondii IgG and IgM antibodies using enzyme-linked immunoassays.

Results:

Seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies was higher in inmates (35, 21.1%) than in controls (14, 8.4%) (OR = 2.90; 95% CI: 1.43–5.94; P = 0.001). Anti-T. gondii IgM antibodies were detected in two (1.2%) inmates and in seven (4.2%) controls (P = 0.17). Multivariate analysis of socio-demographic, incarceration, and behavioral characteristics of inmates revealed that T. gondii seropositivity was associated with being born out of Durango State (OR = 3.91; 95% CI: 1.29–11.79; P = 0.01). In addition, T. gondii seroprevalence was higher (P = 0.03) in inmates that had suffered from injuries (17/56: 30.4%) than those without such history (18/110: 16.4%).

Conclusions:

The seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in inmates in Durango City is higher than the seroprevalences found in the general population in the same city, indicating that inmates may represent a new risk group for T. gondii infection. Further research on T. gondii infection in inmates is needed.

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