View More View Less
  • 1 University of Economics in Bratislava
Restricted access

In this paper, the prospects of the political party Alternative for Germany (AfD) are examined on the basis of demand and supply factors which favor a party’s electoral breakthrough and longtime persistence. It will be argued that although the party is currently profiting mainly from growing disillusion with Chancellor Angela Merkel’s open-door refugee policy, it should not be treated as a single-issue (anti-immigrant) phenomenon. Building on a comparison with its unsuccessful predecessor, The Republicans, we argue that the party is better equipped to deal with factors usually obstructing the success of populist right parties in Germany.

  • AfD (2013): Programm für die Bundestagswahl 2013. Available at: https://www.alternativefuer.de/programm-hintergrund/programmatik/, accessed 1 February 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Backes, U.Jesse, E. (1996): Politischer Extremismus in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Bonn: Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Berbuir, N.Lewandowsky, M.Siri, J. (2015): The AfD and Its Sympathisers: Finally a Right-Wing Populist Movement in Germany? German Politics 24(2): 154178.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Betz, H. G. (1991): Postmodern Politics in Germany: The Politics of Resentment. London: Macmillan.

  • Dalton, R. J. (2014): Interpreting Partisan Dealignment in Germany. German Politics 23(1–2): 134144.

  • Decker, F. (2000): Über das Scheitern des neuen Rechtspopulismus in Deutschland; Republikaner, Statt-Partei und der Bund Freier Bürger. Austrian Journal of Political Science 29(2): 237255.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Decker, F. (2015): Follow-up the Grand Coalition. The German Party System before and after the 2013 Federal Election. In: Langenbacher, E. (ed.): The Merkel Republic: An Appraisal. New York: Berghahn Books.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Decker, O. et al. (2014): Die stabilisierte Mitte: Rechtsextreme Einstellungen in Deutschland 2014. Universität Leipzig, http://research.unileipzig.de/kredo/Mitte_Leipzig_Internet.pdf, accessed 22 December 2015.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Deutsche Welle (2015): Germany’s AfD Distances Itself from Höcke’s ‘Almost Racist’ Remarks. http://www.dw.com/en/germanys-afd-distances-itself-from-h%C3%B6ckes-almost-racistremarks/a-18917049, accessed 22 February 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Deutsche Welle (2016): German Vice Chancellor: Monitor AfD after Call to Shoot at Refugees. http://www.dw.com/en/german-vice-chancellor-monitor-afd-after-call-to-shoot-at-refugees/a-19014066, accessed 24 February 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D’Ottavio, G.Saalfeld, T. (2015): Germany after the 2013 Elections: Breaking the Mould of Post-Unification. Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Eatwell, R. (2003): Ten Theories of the Extreme Right. In: Merkl, P. H.Weinberg, L. (eds): Right-Wing Extremism in the Twenty-First Century. London: Frank Cass Publishers.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fennema, M. (2005): Populist Parties of the Right. In: Rydgren, J. (ed.): Movements of Exclusion: Radical Right-Wing Populism in the Western World. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hainsworth, P. (ed.) (2000): The Politics of the Extreme Right: From the Margins to the Mainstream. London: Pinter.

  • Häusler, A. (2013): Die “Alternative für Deutschland” — Eine rechtspopulistische Partei? Düsseldorf: Heinrich Böll Stiftung NRW. https://www.boell.de/sites/default/files/afd_studie_nrw.pdf, accessed 2 January 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Häusler, A. (2015): Die AfD — Die Partei des rechten Wutbürgertums am Scheideweg. Berlin: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/dialog/11390-20150911.pdf, accessed 22 January 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Heitmeyer, W. (2011): Deutsche Zustände; Folge 10. Berlin: Suhrkamp.

  • Infratest dimap on the behalf of ARD Deutschland Trend. Available at: https://wahl.tagesschau.de/uebersicht-der-wahlen.shtml, accessed 1 April 2015.

  • Infratest dimap: Sonntagsfrage Bundestagswahl. Available at: http://www.wahlrecht.de/umfragen/dimap.htm, last accessed 15 April 2015.

  • Kitschelt, H.McGann, A. (1995): The Radical Right in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lees, C. (2015): Chancellor Hegemony. In: Langenbacher, E. (ed.): The Merkel Republic: An Appraisal. New York: Berghahn Books.

  • Lewandowsky, M. (2014): Alternative for Germany (AfD). A New Actor in the German Party System. Berlin: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/id/ipa/10644.pdf, accessed 22 February 2015.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lochocki, T. (2012): Immigration: Sprungbrett rechtspopulistischer Parteien. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte 2012(5–6): 3036.

  • Marcus, J. (2000): Exorcising Europe’s Demons: A Far-Right Resurgence? The Washington Quarterly 23(4): 3140.

  • Mudde, C. (1999): The Single-Issue Party Thesis: Extreme Right Parties and the Immigration Issue. In: West European Politics, 22(3): 182197.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mudde, C. (2000): The Ideology of the Extreme Right. Manchester University Press.

  • Mudde, C. (2004): The Populist Zeitgeist. Government and Opposition 39(4): 542563.

  • Mudde, C. (2007): Radical Populist Right Parties in Europe. Cambridge University Press.

  • Mudde, C. (2010): The Populist Radical Right: A Pathological Normalcy. West European Politics 33(6): 11671186.

  • Mudde, C. (2014): Fighting the System? Populist Radical Right Parties and Party System Change. Party Politics 20(2): 217226.

  • Priester, K. (2012): Wesensmerkmale des Populismus. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte 2012(5–6): 39.

  • Rydgren, J. (2007): The Sociology of the Radical Right. Annual Review of Sociology 33: 241262.

  • Spiegel (2014): Deutlicher Zuwachs: AfD gewinnt rasant an Mitgliedern. http://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/alternative-fuer-deutschland-afd-hat-20-000-mitglieder-a-995463.html, accessed 12 March 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Süddeutsche Zeitung (2016): “Weg vom links-rot-grün verseuchten 68er-Deutschland.” http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/proteste-gegen-afd-aufmarsch-der-wut-1.2974815-2, accessed 1 September 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Welt (2015): Union verliert an Zustimmung — AfD profitiert. http://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland /article147732561/Union-verliert-an-Zustimmung-AfD-profitiert.html, accessed 14 March 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Welt (2016): AfD-Schiedsgericht stoppt Auflösung des Saar-Verbands. https://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/article154232161/AfD-Schiedsgericht-stoppt-Aufloesung-des-Saar-Verbands.html, accessed 12 April 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wodak, R. (2015): Politics of Fear. London: SAGE.

  • Zsinka, L. (2014): The Roots of Western Societal Evolution. Society and Economy 36(2):185197.