View More View Less
  • 1 The University of Mississippi, USA
  • | 2 National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Japan
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $752.00

The purpose of this study was to determine acute physiological and perceptual responses to two commonly implemented blood flow restriction protocols. Using a within-subject design, 15 participants (age ∼25) performed four sets of unilateral elbow flexion with each arm. One arm exercised using a 3-cm elastic cuff inflated to 160 mmHg, whereas the other arm exercised using a 5-cm nylon cuff inflated to 40% of the individual’s arterial occlusion pressure. While both protocols elicited increases in acute muscle thickness [pre: 4.5 (0.2) cm, post: 5.0 (0.2) cm; p < 0.001] and electromyography amplitude [first 3 reps: 55 () %MVC; last 3 reps: 87 () %MVC], there were no differences between conditions. Both protocols produced decreases in post-exercise strength (pre: 70 Nm, post: 51 Nm; p < 0.001) with no difference between conditions. The nylon protocol resulted in more repetitions during sets 2 [13 () vs. 9 (); p = 0.001] and 3 [10 () vs. 7 (); p = 0.05], while producing lower levels of discomfort following each set (average 3 vs. 4; p < 0.05). In conclusion, both protocols produced similar acute responses thought to be important for promoting muscle growth. However, the use of arbitrary pressures may place some individuals under complete arterial occlusion which may increase the potential risk of an adverse event.

  • 1.

    American College of Sports Medicine: American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 41(3), 687708 (2009)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Barnett BE , Dankel SJ , Counts BR , Nooe AL , Abe T , Loenneke JP : Blood flow occlusion pressure at rest and immediately after a bout of low load exercise. Clin. Physiol. Funct. Imaging 36(6), 436440 (2015)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Borg GA : Psychophysical bases of perceived exertion. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 14(5), 377381 (1982)

  • 4.

    Buckner SL , Dankel SJ , Counts BR , Jessee MB , Mouser JG , Mattocks KT , Laurentino GC , Abe T , Loenneke JP : Influence of cuff material on blood flow restriction stimulus in the upper body. J. Physiol. Sci. 67, 207215 (2017)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Counts BR , Dankel SJ , Barnett BE , Kim D , Mouser JG , Allen KM , Thiebaud RS , Abe T , Bemben MG , Loenneke JP : The influence of relative blood flow restriction pressure on muscle activation and muscle adaptation. Muscle Nerve 53(3), 438445 (2015)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Dankel SJ , Jessee MB , Abe T , Loenneke JP : The effects of blood flow restriction on upper-body musculature located distal and proximal to applied pressure. Sports Med. 46(1), 2333 (2016)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Hermens HJ , Freriks B , Disselhorst-Klug C , Rau G : Development of recommendations for SEMG sensors and sensor placement procedures. J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. 10(5), 361374 (2000)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Ingram J , Loenneke JP : The current state of blood flow restriction 2015. Available at: https://www.dropbox.com/s/qmkxwzncpjrr0q2/OleMiss_BloodFlowRestriction.pdf?dl=0. Accessed 25 November 2015

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Laurentino GC , Loenneke JP , Teixeira EL , Nakajima E , Iared W , Tricoli V : The effect of cuff width on muscle adaptations after blood flow restriction training. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 48(5), 920925 (2015)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Laurentino GC , Ugrinowitsch C , Roschel H , Aoki MS , Soares AG , Neves M Jr , Aihara AY , Fernandes Ada R , Tricoli V : Strength training with blood flow restriction diminishes myostatin gene expression. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 44(3), 406412 (2012)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Lixandrão ME , Ugrinowitsch C , Laurentino G , Libardi CA , Aihara AY , Cardoso FN , Tricoli V , Roschel H : Effects of exercise intensity and occlusion pressure after 12 weeks of resistance training with blood-flow restriction. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 115, 24712480 (2015)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Loenneke JP , Balapur A , Thrower AD , Barnes J , Pujol TJ : Blood flow restriction reduces time to muscular failure. Eur. J. Sport Sci. 12(3), 238243 (2012)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Loenneke JP , Fahs CA , Thiebaud RS , Rossow LM , Abe T , Ye X , Kim D , Bemben MG : The acute muscle swelling effects of blood flow restriction. Acta Physiol. Hung. 99(4), 400410 (2012)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Loenneke JP , Kim D , Fahs CA , Thiebaud RS , Abe T , Larson RD , Bemben DA , Bemben MG : The effects of resistance exercise with and without different degrees of blood-flow restriction on perceptual responses. J. Sports Sci. 33, 14721479 (2015)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Loenneke JP , Thiebaud RS , Abe T , Bemben MG : Blood flow restriction pressure recommendations: the hormesis hypothesis. Med. Hypotheses 82(5), 623626 (2014)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Loenneke JP , Thiebaud RS , Fahs CA , Rossow LM , Abe T , Bemben MG : Blood flow restriction: effects of cuff type on fatigue and perceptual responses to resistance exercise. Acta Physiol. Hung. 101(2), 158166 (2014)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Loenneke JP , Wilson JM , Wilson GJ , Pujol TJ , Bemben MG : Potential safety issues with blood flow restriction training. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports 21(4), 510518 (2011)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Lowery RP , Joy JM , Loenneke JP , de Souza EO , Machado M , Dudeck JE , Wilson JM : Practical blood flow restriction training increases muscle hypertrophy during a periodized resistance training programme. Clin. Physiol. Funct. Imaging 34(4), 317321 (2014)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Luebbers PE , Fry AC , Kriley LM , Butler MS : The effects of a 7-week practical blood flow restriction program on well-trained collegiate athletes. J. Strength Cond. Res. 28(8), 22702280 (2014)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Mitchell CJ , Churchward-Venne TA , West DDW , Burd NA , Breen L , Baker SK , Phillips SM : Resistance exercise load does not determine training-mediated hypertrophic gains in young men. J. Appl. Physiol. 113(1), 7177 (2012)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Morton RW , McGlory C , Phillips SM : Nutritional interventions to augment resistance training-induced skeletal muscle hypertrophy. Front. Physiol. 6, 245 (2015)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Motykie GD , Zebala LP , Caprini JA , Lee CE , Arcelus JI , Reyna JJ , Cohen EB : A guide to venous thromboembolism risk factor assessment. J. Thromb. Thrombolysis 9(3), 253262 (2000)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23.

    Ozaki H , Yasuda T , Ogasawara R , Sakamaki-Sunaga M , Naito H , Abe T : Effects of high-intensity and blood flow-restricted low-intensity resistance training on carotid arterial compliance: role of blood pressure during training sessions. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 113(1), 167174 (2013)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Ozawa Y , Koto T , Shinoda H , Tsubota K : Vision loss by central retinal vein occlusion after Kaatsu training: a case report. Medicine (Baltimore) 94, e1515 (2015)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Rossow LM , Fahs CA , Loenneke JP , Thiebaud RS , Sherk VD , Abe T , Bemben MG : Cardiovascular and perceptual responses to blood-flow-restricted resistance exercise with differing restrictive cuffs. Clin. Physiol. Funct. Imaging 32(5), 331337 (2012)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Sakamaki M , Yasuda T , Abe T : Comparison of low-intensity blood flow-restricted training-induced muscular hypertrophy in eumenorrheic women in the follicular phase and luteal phase and age-matched men. Clin. Physiol. Funct. Imaging 32(3), 185191 (2012)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    Spranger MD , Krishnan AC , Levy PD , O’Leary DS , Smith SA : Blood flow restriction training and the exercise pressor reflex: a call for concern. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 309(9), H1440H1452 (2015)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Yamanaka T , Farley RS , Caputo JL : Occlusion training increases muscular strength in division IA football players. J. Strength Cond. Res. 26(9), 25232529 (2012)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    Yasuda T , Brechue WF , Fujita T , Shirakawa J , Sato Y , Abe T : Muscle activation during low-intensity muscle contractions with restricted blood flow. J. Sports Sci. 27(5), 479489 (2009)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30.

    Yasuda T , Fujita S , Ogasawara R , Sato Y , Abe T : Effects of low-intensity bench press training with restricted arm muscle blood flow on chest muscle hypertrophy: a pilot study. Clin. Physiol. Funct. Imaging 30(5), 338343 (2010)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31.

    Yasuda T , Ogasawara R , Sakamaki M , Bemben MG , Abe T : Relationship between limb and trunk muscle hypertrophy following high-intensity resistance training and blood flow-restricted low-intensity resistance training. Clin. Physiol. Funct. Imaging 31(5), 347351 (2011)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32.

    Yasuda T , Ogasawara R , Sakamaki M , Ozaki H , Sato Y , Abe T : Combined effects of low-intensity blood flow restriction training and high-intensity resistance training on muscle strength and size. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 111, 25252533 (2011)

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

 

 

The author instruction is available in PDF.

Please, download the file from HERE

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

László ROSIVALL (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)

Managing Editor

Anna BERHIDI (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)

Co-Editors

  • Gábor SZÉNÁSI (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Ákos KOLLER (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Zsolt RADÁK (University of Physical Education, Budapest, Hungary)
  • László LÉNÁRD (University of Pécs, Hungary)
  • Zoltán UNGVÁRI (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)

Assistant Editors

  • Gabriella DÖRNYEI (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Zsuzsanna MIKLÓS (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • György NÁDASY (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)

Hungarian Editorial Board

  • György BENEDEK (University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • Zoltán BENYÓ (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Mihály BOROS (University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • László CSERNOCH (University of Debrecen, Hungary)
  • Magdolna DANK (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • László DÉTÁRI (Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Zoltán GIRICZ (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary and Pharmahungary Group, Szeged, Hungary)
  • Zoltán HANTOS (Semmelweis University, Budapest and University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • László HUNYADI (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Gábor JANCSÓ (University of Pécs, Hungary)
  • Zoltán KARÁDI (University of Pecs, Hungary)
  • Miklós PALKOVITS (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Gyula PAPP (University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • Gábor PAVLIK (University of Physical Education, Budapest, Hungary)
  • András SPÄT (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Gyula SZABÓ (University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • Zoltán SZELÉNYI (University of Pécs, Hungary)
  • Lajos SZOLLÁR (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Gyula TELEGDY (MTA-SZTE, Neuroscience Research Group and University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • József TOLDI (MTA-SZTE Neuroscience Research Group and University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • Árpád TÓSAKI (University of Debrecen, Hungary)

International Editorial Board

  • Dragan DJURIC (University of Belgrade, Serbia)
  • Christopher H.  FRY (University of Bristol, UK)
  • Stephen E. GREENWALD (Blizard Institute, Barts and Queen Mary University of London, UK)
  • Osmo Otto Päiviö HÄNNINEN (Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Kuopio, Finland)
  • Helmut G. HINGHOFER-SZALKAY (Medical University of Graz, Austria)
  • Tibor HORTOBÁGYI (University of Groningen, Netherlands)
  • George KUNOS (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, USA)
  • Massoud MAHMOUDIAN (Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
  • Tadaaki MANO (Gifu University of Medical Science, Japan)
  • Luis Gabriel NAVAR (Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, USA)
  • Hitoo NISHINO (Nagoya City University, Japan)
  • Ole H. PETERSEN (Cardiff University, UK)
  • Ulrich POHL (German Centre for Cardiovascular Research and Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Planegg, Germany)
  • Andrej A. ROMANOVSKY (University of Arizona, USA)
  • Anwar Ali SIDDIQUI (Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan)
  • Csaba SZABÓ (University of Fribourg, Switzerland)
  • Eric VICAUT (Université de Paris, UMRS 942 INSERM, France)
  • Nico WESTERHOF (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

 

Editorial Office:
Akadémiai Kiadó Zrt.
Prielle Kornélia u. 21–35, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary

Editorial Correspondence:
Physiology International
Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine Institute of Pathophysiology
Nagyvárad tér 4, H-1089 Budapest, Hungary
Phone/Fax: +36-1-2100-100
E-mail: pi@semmelweis-univ.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • EMBASE/Excerpta Medica
  • Global Health
  • Index Copernicus
  • Index Medicus
  • Medline
  • Referativnyi Zhurnal
  • SCOPUS
  • Social Science Citation Index

 

 

2020  
Total Cites 245
WoS
Journal
Impact Factor
2,090
Rank by Physiology 62/81 (Q4)
Impact Factor  
Impact Factor 1,866
without
Journal Self Cites
5 Year 1,703
Impact Factor
Journal  0,51
Citation Indicator  
Rank by Journal  Physiology 67/84 (Q4)
Citation Indicator   
Citable 42
Items
Total 42
Articles
Total 0
Reviews
Scimago 29
H-index
Scimago 0,417
Journal Rank
Scimago Physiology (medical) Q3
Quartile Score  
Scopus 270/1140=1,9
Scite Score  
Scopus Physiology (medical) 71/98 (Q3)
Scite Score Rank  
Scopus 0,528
SNIP  
Days from  172
submission  
to acceptance  
Days from  106
acceptance  
to publication  

2019  
Total Cites
WoS
137
Impact Factor 1,410
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
1,361
5 Year
Impact Factor
1,221
Immediacy
Index
0,294
Citable
Items
34
Total
Articles
33
Total
Reviews
1
Cited
Half-Life
2,1
Citing
Half-Life
9,3
Eigenfactor
Score
0,00028
Article Influence
Score
0,215
% Articles
in
Citable Items
97,06
Normalized
Eigenfactor
0,03445
Average
IF
Percentile
12,963
Scimago
H-index
27
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,267
Scopus
Scite Score
235/157=1,5
Scopus
Scite Score Rank
Physiology (medical) 73/99 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,38

 

Physiology International
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 1100 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2021 Online subsscription: 632 EUR / 788 USD 
Print + online subscription: 736 EUR / 920 USD
Subscription fee 2022 Online subsscription: 644 EUR / 806 USD
Print + online subscription: 752 EUR / 942 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles are sold on the displayed price.

Physiology International
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
2006 (1950)
Publication
Programme
2021 Volume 108
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2498-602X (Print)
ISSN 2677-0164 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2021 45 0 0
Jul 2021 26 0 0
Aug 2021 28 0 0
Sep 2021 42 0 0
Oct 2021 35 0 0
Nov 2021 45 1 1
Dec 2021 0 0 0