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  • 1 University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • | 2 University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • | 3 Serbian Institute of Sports and Sports Medicine, Serbia
  • | 4 University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • | 5 University Hospital Medical Center “Bezanijska Kosa”, Serbia
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Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine heart rate (HR) recovery after maximal test in elite athletes who compete in high dynamic, high static, and in mixed sport disciplines; to assess differences in HR recovery between these groups of athletes; and to measure the association of HR index (HRI) with heart adaptation variables to determine whether these values were correlated with the type of exercise.

Methods

One hundred and ninety-four elite athletes were divided into three groups according to the predominant type of exercise performed: endurance (n = 40), strength-sprinter (n = 36), and ball-game players (n = 118). They performed maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing on a treadmill and were subjected to echocardiography. The rate of decline (HR recovery) was calculated as the difference between maximum and recovery HRs (HRrec1 and HRrec3). The HRI was calculated as HRmax – 1-min post-exercise HR (HRrec1).

Results

The most significant correlation of HRI was with posterior wall diameter and left ventricular (LV) mass index (r = 0.43 and r = 0.51; p = 0.012 and p = 0.003, respectively). LV mass index [Beta (B) = 0.354, p = 0.001] was an independent predictor of HRI and HRrec1. HRI may be an effective tool for discrimination of physiological and “gray zone” LV hypertrophy, with area under the curve of 0.545 (95% CI = 0.421–0.669, p = 0.0432). HRI displayed a sensitivity of 50% and specificity of 52.2% at the optimal cut-off value of 23.5.

Conclusion

HR recovery pattern, especially HRI, may offer a timely and efficient tool to identify athletes with autonomous nervous system adaptive changes.

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2020  
Total Cites 245
WoS
Journal
Impact Factor
2,090
Rank by Physiology 62/81 (Q4)
Impact Factor  
Impact Factor 1,866
without
Journal Self Cites
5 Year 1,703
Impact Factor
Journal  0,51
Citation Indicator  
Rank by Journal  Physiology 67/84 (Q4)
Citation Indicator   
Citable 42
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Articles
Total 0
Reviews
Scimago 29
H-index
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Scimago Physiology (medical) Q3
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2019  
Total Cites
WoS
137
Impact Factor 1,410
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without
Journal Self Cites
1,361
5 Year
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1,221
Immediacy
Index
0,294
Citable
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1
Cited
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Scimago
H-index
27
Scimago
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Scopus
Scite Score
235/157=1,5
Scopus
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Physiology (medical) 73/99 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
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Physiology International
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