Manuel Badal Universitat de València, Spain

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In Old Catalan, some verbs like beure ‘to drink’ display a velar consonant in the forms that come from Latin perfectum, such as 3sg.prt *ˈbibwit > bec [ˈbek] ‘s/he drank’. This velar was initially a perfect marker. However, the consonant spread analogically from perfective to imperfective forms through an exaptation process. In the present paper, we compare two different verb classes, and prove that the existence of syncretism between the first and third persons of the present indicative (1sg.prs.ind beu [ˈbew] ‘I drink’ vs. 3sg.prs.ind beu [ˈbew] ‘s/he drinks’) is a factor that accelerates the analogical process of velarization.

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  • Aronoff, Mark. 1994. Morphology by itself: Stems and inflectional classes. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Badal, Manuel. 2021. Morfologia verbal catalana: Anàlisi diacrònica dels verbs velaritzats. Doctoral dissertation. Universitat de València, Valencia.

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  • Wheeler, Max W. 1986. Analogy and psychology: Morphological change in Balearic Catalan. Sheffield Working Papers in Language and Linguistics 3. 116.

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  • Wheeler, Max W. 1993. On the hierarchy of naturalness principles in inflectional morphology. Journal of Linguistics 29(1). 95111.

  • Wheeler, Max W. 2011. The evolution of a morphome in Catalan verb inflection. In M. Maiden, J. C. Smith, M. Goldbach and M. O. Hinzelin (eds.) Morphological autonomy: Perspectives from romance inflectional morphology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 182209.

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  • Wurzel, Wolfgang U. 1987. System-dependent morphological naturalness in inflection. In W. U. Dressler, W. Mayerthaler, O. Panagl & W. U. Wurzel (eds.) Leitmotifs in Natural Morphology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. 5996.

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