Author:
Hsiu-ling HsuDepartment of Applied Foreign Languages, R.O.C. Naval Academy, Taiwan, Taiwan R.O.C.

Search for other papers by Hsiu-ling Hsu in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6865-7223
Restricted access

Abstract

This investigation explored the effects of time duration and bilingualism/trilingualism on speakers' language production. A word-naming task was conducted under three conditions—700 ms, 1,000 ms, and unlimited time. The results showed that the participants incurred fewer errors and successfully corrected errors at 1,000 ms and unlimited time; the bilingual/trilingual advantage was identified in error self-repairs at 1,000 ms; and trilinguals were more strategic in correcting errors than monolinguals and bilinguals. This suggests that unlimited time did not ensure higher accuracy in lexical production and efficient error correction, and that 1,000 ms was the optimal timeframe for processing single monosyllabic Chinese characters.

  • Abutalebi, Jubin and David W. Green. 2007. Bilingual language production: The neurocognition of language representation and control. Journal of Neurolinguistics 20. 242275.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Andreou, G., 2007. Phonological awareness in bilingual and trilingual school children. The Linguistics Journal 3(3). 815.

  • Balz, Gunther W. and Howard S. Hock. 1997. The effect of attentional spread on spatial resolution. Vision Research 37. 14991510.

  • Beatty-Martínez, Anne L. and Paola E. Dussias. 2017. Bilingual experience shapes language processing: Evidence from codeswitching. Journal of Memory and Language 95. 173189.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Beatty-Martínez, Anne L., Christian A. Navarro-Torres, Paola E. Dussias, María T. Bajo, Rosa E. G. Tamargo and Judith F. Kroll. 2020. Interactional context mediates the consequences of bilingualism for language and cognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 46(6). 10221047.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bialystok, Ellen. 2007. Cognitive effects of bilingualism: How linguistic experience leads to cognitive change. The International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 10. 210223.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bialystok, Ellen and Fergus I. Craik. 2010. Cognitive and linguistic processing in the bilingual mind. Current Directions in Psychological Science 19. 1923.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bialystok, Ellen, Fergus I. Craik, Raymond Klein and Mythili Viswanathan. 2004. Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: Evidence from the Simon task. Psychology and Aging 19. 290303.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bialystok, Ellen and Michelle M. Martin. 2004. Attention and inhibition in bilingual children: Evidence from the dimensional change card sort task. Developmental Science 7. 325339.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chung, Raung-Fu. 1996. The segmental phonology of Southern Min in Taiwan. Taipei, Taiwan: Crane.

  • Costa, Albert, Wido La Heij and Eduardo Navarrete. 2006. The dynamics of bilingual lexical access. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 9. 137151.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Costa, Albert, Mireia Hernández and Núria Sebastián-Gallés. 2008. Bilingualism aids conflict resolution: Evidence from the ANT task. Cognition 106. 5986.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Costa, Albert and Mikel Santesteban. 2004. Lexical access in bilingual speech production: Evidence from language switching in highly proficient bilinguals and L2 learners. Journal of Memory and Language 50. 491511.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Costa, Albert, Mikel Santesteban and Iva Ivanova. 2006. How do highly proficient bilinguals control their lexicalization process? Inhibitory and language-specific selection mechanisms are both functional. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 32. 10571074.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dell, Gary S. 1986. A spreading activation theory of retrieval in sentence production. Psychological Review 93. 283321.

  • Diamond, Adele, Natasha Kirkham and Dima Amso. 2002. Conditions under which young children can hold two rules in mind and inhibit a prepotent response. Developmental Psychology 38(3). 352362.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Elliot, Andrew J., Mandy M. Shell, Kelly B. Henry and Markus Maier. 2005. Achievement goals, performance contingencies, and performance attainment: An experimental test. Journal of Educational Psychology 97. 630640.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Egeth, Howard. 1977. Attention and preattention. In G.H. Bower (ed.) The psychology of learning and motivation, Vol. 11 (pp. 277320). NewYork, NY: Academic Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Eriksen, Charles W. and Jame D. St. James. 1986. Visual attention within and around the field of focal attention: A zoom lens model. Perception and Psychophysics 40. 225240.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Festman, Julia, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells and Thomas F. Münte. 2010. Individual differences in control of language interference in late bilinguals are mainly related to general executive abilities. Behavioral and Brain Functions 6, Article 5.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gollan, Tamar H. and Lori A. Acenas. 2004. What is a TOT? Cognate and translation effects on tip-of-the-tongue states in Spanish-English and Tagalog-English bilinguals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 30. 246269.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gollan, Tamar H. and Alan S. Brown. 2006. From tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) data to theoretical implications in two steps: When more TOTs means better retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135(3). 462483.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gollan, Tamar H., Christine Fennema-Notestine, Rosa I. Montoya and Terry L. Jernigan. 2007. The bilingual effect on Boston naming test performance. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society 13. 197208.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gollan, Tamar H., Rosa I. Montoya, Cynthia Cera and Tiffany C. Sandoval. 2008. More use almost always means a smaller frequency effect: Aging, bilingualism, and the weaker links hypothesis. Journal of Memory and Language 58. 787814.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gollan, Tamar H., Rosa I. Montoya and Grace A. Werner. 2002. Semantic and letter fluency in Spanish–English bilinguals. Neuropsychology 16. 276562.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Green, David W. 1998. Mental control of the bilingual lexico-semantic system. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 1(2). 6781.

  • Green, David W. and Jubin Abutalebi. 2013. Language control in bilinguals: The adaptive control hypothesis. Journal of Cognitive Psychology 25(5). 515530.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hartanto, Andree and Hwajin Yang. 2016. Disparate bilingual experiences modulate task-switching advantages: A diffusion-model analysis of the effects of interactional context on switch costs. Cognition 150. 1019.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hoffmann, Charlotte. 2000. Bilingual and trilingual competence: Problems of description and differentiation. Estu dios de Sociolinguistica 1. 8392.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hofweber, Julia, Theodoros Marinis and Jeanine Treffers-Daller. 2019. Effects of dense code-switching on executive control. In I.A. Sekerina, L. Spradlin and V. Valian (eds.) Bilingualism, executive function, and beyond: Questions and insights (pp. 161180). Amsterdam, Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Houghton, George and Steven P. Tipper. 1994. A model of inhibitory mechanismsin selective attention. In D. Dale and T.H. Carr (eds.) Inhibitory processes in attention, memory, and language (pp. 53112). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Huguet, Pascal, Marie P. Galvaing, Jean M. Monteil and Florence Dumas. 1999. Social presence effects in the Stroop task: Further evidence for an attentional view of social facilitation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 77. 10111023.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hsu, Hsiu-ling, Jr. 2009. A study of nasals in coda positions: Mandarin slips and Taiwanese L2 English. Doctoral dissertation. National Kaohsiung Normal University, Taiwan.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hsu, Hsiu-ling. 2011. The emergence of an unmarkedness effect in Mandarin speech errors: Nasals in a coda position. Language and Speech 54(3). 307340.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hsu, Hsiu-ling. 2014. Effects of bilingualism and trilingualism in L2 production: Evidence from errors and self-repairs in early balanced bilingual and trilingual adults. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 43(4). 357379.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hsu, Hsiu-ling. 2017. The interaction between the effects of bilingualism and cross-language similarity in balanced and imbalanced bilingual adults’ L2 Mandarin word-reading production. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 46(4). 935962.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hsu, Hsiu-ling. 2022. The effects of bilingualism and trilingualism on language production: Evidence from error-correction and switch cost (in Chinese). Journal of Taiwanese Languages and Literature 17(1). 146.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Indefrey, Peter and Willem Levelt. 2004. The spatial and temporal signatures of word production components. Cognition 92. 101144.

  • Jiao, Lu, John G. Grundy, Cong Liu and Baoguo Chen. 2020. Language context modulates executive control in bilinguals: Evidence from language production. Neuropsychologia 142. 107441.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Klapp, Stuart T., Wallace G. Anderson and Raymond W. Berrian. 1973. Implicit speech in reading, reconsidered. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100. 368374.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Klapp, Stuart T. and Claudia I. Erwin. 1976. Relation between programming time and duration of the response being programmed. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 2. 591598.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kormos, Judit. 1999. Monitoring and self-repair in L2. Language Learning 49(2). 303342.

  • Kormos, Judit. 2000. The role of attention in monitoring second language speech production. Language Learning 50(2). 343384.

  • Kroll, Judith F., Susan C. Bobb, Maya Misra and Taomei Guo. 2008. Language selection in bilingual speech: Evidence for inhibitory processes. Acta Psychologica 128. 416430.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kroll, Judith F., Paola E. Dussias, Kinsey Bice and Lauren Perrotti. 2015. Bilingualism, mind, and brain. Annual Review of Linguistics 1(1). 377394.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kroll, Judith F. and Tamar H. Gollan. 2014. Speech planning in two languages: What bilinguals tell us about language production. In M. Goldrick, V.S. Ferreira and M. Miozzo (eds.) The Oxford handbook of language production (pp. 165181). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LaBerge, David, Vincent Brown, Marc Carter, David Bash and Alan Hartley. 1991. Reducing the effects of adjacent distractors by narrowing attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 17. 6576.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Levelt, Willem J. M. 1983. Monitoring and self-repair in speech. Cognition 33. 41103.

  • Levelt, Willem J. M. 1989. Speaking: From intention to articulation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Levelt, Willem J. M., Ardi Roelofs and Antje S. Meyer. 1999. A theory of lexical access in speech production. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22. 138.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Li, Wen-C., Jr. 1992. Four mergers in the Mandarin finals of the speech of Taipei. MA thesis. Oxford University, Oxford.

  • Libben, Maya R. and Debra A. Titone. 2009. Bilingual lexical access in context: Evidence from eye movements during reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 35. 381390.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Linck, Jared A., John W. Schwieter and Gretchen Sunderman. 2012. Inhibitory control predicts language switching performance in trilingual speech production. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 15(3). 651662.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Marslen-Wilson, William D. 1987. Functional parallelism in spoken word-recognition. Cognition 25. 71102.

  • Marslen-Wilson, William and Lorraine K. Tyler. 1980. The temporal structure of spoken language understanding. Cognition 8. 171.

  • Martin, Clara D. and Nazbanou Nozari. 2021. Language control in bilingual production: Insights from error rate and error type in sentence production. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 24(2). 374388.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martin-Rhee, Michelle and Ellen Bialystok. 2008. The development of two types of inhibitory control in monolingual and bilingual children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 11(1). 8193.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McFall, Sametria R., Jeremy P. Jamieson and Stephen G. Harkins. 2009. Testing the mere effort account of the evaluation–performance relationship. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 96(1). 135154.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Michael, Erica B. and Tamar H. Gollan. 2005. Being and becoming bilingual: Individual differences and consequences for language production. In J.F. Kroll and A.M.B. de Groot (eds.) Handbook of bilingualism: Psycholinguistic approaches (pp. 389407). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oller, Kimbrough and Rebecca Eilers. 2002. Language and literacy in bilingual children. Buffalo, NY: Multilingual Matters.

  • Pyers, Jennie E., Tamar H. Gollan and Karen Emmorey. 2009. Bimodal bilinguals reveal the source of tip-of-the-tongue states. Cognition 112. 323329.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ransdell, Sarah E. and Ira Fischler. 1989. Effects of concreteness and task context on recall of prose among bilingual and monolingual speakers. Journal of Memory and Language 28. 278291.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Roberts, Patricia M., Linda J. Garcia, Alain Desrochers and Denise Hernandez. 2002. English performance of proficient bilingual adults on the Boston Naming Test. Aphasiology 16. 635645.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Roelofs, Ardi. 2003. Goal-referenced selection of verbal action: Modeling attentional control in the Stroop task. Psychological Review 110. 88125.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Roelofs, Ardi. 2007. Attention and gaze control in picture naming, word reading, and word categorizing. Journal of Memory and Language 5. 232251.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rosselli, Mónica, Alfredo Ardila, Katia Arujo, Viviana A. Weekes, Virginia Caracciolo, Mabel Padilla and Feggy Ostrosky-Solí. 2000. Verbal fluency and repetition skills in healthy older Spanish–English bilinguals. Applied Neuropsychology 7. 1724.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sharma, Dinkar, Rob Booth, Rupert Brown and Pascal Huguet. 2010. Exploring the temporal dynamics of social facilitation in the Stroop task. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 17(1). 5258.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schremm, Andrea, Merle Horne and Mikael Roll. 2016. Time-driven effects on processing relative clauses. Journal of Psycholinguist Research 45(5). 10331044.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shook, Anthony and Viorica Marian. 2013. The bilingual language interaction network for comprehension of speech. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 16. 304324.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zhang, Yang and Yue Wang. 2007. Neural plasticity in speech acquisition and learning. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 10(2). 147160.

  • Collapse
  • Expand

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

Editors

Editor-in-Chief: András Cser

Editor: György Rákosi

Review Editor: Tamás Halm

Editorial Board

  • Anne Abeillé / Université Paris Diderot
  • Željko Bošković / University of Connecticut
  • Marcel den Dikken / Eötvös Loránd University; Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Hans-Martin Gärtner / Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Elly van Gelderen / Arizona State University
  • Anders Holmberg / Newcastle University
  • Katarzyna Jaszczolt / University of Cambridge
  • Dániel Z. Kádár / Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • István Kenesei / University of Szeged; Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Anikó Lipták / Leiden University
  • Katalin Mády / Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Gereon Müller / Leipzig University
  • Csaba Pléh / Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Central European University
  • Giampaolo Salvi / Eötvös Loránd University
  • Irina Sekerina / College of Staten Island CUNY
  • Péter Siptár / Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Gregory Stump / University of Kentucky
  • Peter Svenonius / University of Tromsø
  • Anne Tamm / Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church
  • Akira Watanabe / University of Tokyo
  • Jeroen van de Weijer / Shenzhen University

 

Acta Linguistica Academica
Address: Benczúr u. 33. HU–1068 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (+36 1) 351 0413; (+36 1) 321 4830 ext. 154
Fax: (36 1) 322 9297
E-mail: ala@nytud.mta.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Arts and Humanities Citation Index
  • Bibliographie Linguistique/Linguistic Bibliography
  • International Bibliographies IBZ and IBR
  • Linguistics Abstracts
  • Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstracts
  • MLA International Bibliography
  • SCOPUS
  • Social Science Citation Index
  • LinguisList

 

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
63
Journal Impact Factor 0,690
Rank by Impact Factor

Linguistics 145/194

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
0,667
5 Year
Impact Factor
1,286
Journal Citation Indicator 0,67
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

Language & Linguistics 141/370

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
11
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,341
Scimago Quartile Score Cultural Studies (Q1)
Linguistics and Language (Q1)
Literature and Literary Theory (Q1)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1,4
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Literature and Literary Theory 22/934 (D1)
Cultural Studies 164/1127 (Q1)
Scopus
SNIP
1,070

2020

 

Total Cites

219

WoS

Journal
Impact Factor

0,523

Rank by

Linguistics 150/193 (Q4)

Impact Factor

 

Impact Factor

0,432

without

Journal Self Cites

5 Year

0,500

Impact Factor

Journal 

0,72

Citation Indicator

 

Rank by Journal 

Linguistics 144/259 (Q3)

Citation Indicator 

 

Citable

19

Items

Total

19

Articles

Total

0

Reviews

Scimago

10

H-index

Scimago

0,295

Journal Rank

Scimago

Cultural Studies Q1

Quartile Score

Language and Linguistics Q2

 

Linguistics and Language Q2

 

Literature and Literary Theory Q1

Scopus

72/87=0,8

Scite Score

Scopus

Literature and Literary Theory 42/825 (Q1)

Scite Score Rank

Cultural Studies 247/1037 (Q1)

Scopus

1,022

SNIP

Days from 

58

submission

to acceptance

Days from 

68

acceptance

to publication

Acceptance

51%

Rate

2019  
Total Cites
WoS
155
Impact Factor 0,222
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
0,156
5 Year
Impact Factor
0,322
Immediacy
Index
0,870
Citable
Items
23
Total
Articles
23
Total
Reviews
0
Cited
Half-Life
11,2
Citing
Half-Life
16,6
Eigenfactor
Score
0,00006
Article Influence
Score
0,056
% Articles
in
Citable Items
100,00
Normalized
Eigenfactor
0,00780
Average
IF
Percentile
9,358
Scimago
H-index
9
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,281
Scopus
Scite Score
53/85=0,6
Scopus
Scite Score Rank
Cultural Studies 293/1002 (Q2)
Literature and Literary Theory 60/823(Q1)
Scopus
SNIP
0,768
Acceptance
Rate
25%

 

Acta Linguistica Academica
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 900 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2022 Online subsscription: 558 EUR / 696 USD
Print + online subscription: 638 EUR / 796 USD
Subscription fee 2023 Online subsscription: 572 EUR / 696 USD
Print + online subscription: 656 EUR / 796 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles are sold on the displayed price.

Acta Linguistica Academica
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
2017 (1951)
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia   
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2559-8201 (Print)
ISSN 2560-1016 (Online)