Authors:
Andrea Varga Department of Petrology and Geochemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117, Budapest, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, Hungary

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Béla Raucsik Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pannonia, H-8201, Veszprém, P.O. Box 158, Hungary

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Zsuzsanna Hartyáni Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pannonia, H-8201, Veszprém, P.O. Box 158, Hungary

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György Szakmány Department of Petrology and Geochemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117, Budapest, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, Hungary

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Abstract

The clay mineralogical and chemical compositions of Upper Carboniferous siliciclastic rocks from the western flank of the Villány Mountains (Téseny Sandstone Formation) have been investigated to determine paleoweathering conditions, as well as to appraise the influence of the post-depositional processes upon source rock signature. The clay-mineral assemblage of the samples consists predominantly of illite±muscovite, suggesting a potassium metasomatism in the Téseny clastics. Therefore the use of the Chemical Index of Alteration (CIA), which provides a consistent quantitative framework for examining weathering, leads to erroneous conclusions without correction for K-metasomatism. When considered in Al2O3-CaO* + Na2O-K2O (A-CN-K) compositional space, orthogneiss and igneous rock clasts selected from the Téseny conglomerate reflect two different weathering trends; one (including orthogneiss, quartz diorite, and andesite samples) shows an ideal trend observed for granodioritic rocks, and the other (including aplite, rhyodacite, and rhyolite samples) follows a trend from a slightly more K-feldspar-rich fresh rock composition than that of average granite. Intermediate to intense chemical weathering of the source areas is indicated by premetasomatized CIA values of 77–84 for the samples from borehole Siklósbodony-1, suggesting that these rocks have gained about 6–7% K2O (in A-CN-K space) during metasomatism.

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  • K.C. Condie 1993 Chemical composition and evolution of the upper continental crust: Contrasting results from surface samples and shales Chemical Geology 104 1 37.

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  • R. Cox D.R. Lowe R.L. Cullers 1995 The influence of sediment recycling and basement composition on evolution of mudrock chemistry in the southwestern United States Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59/14 2919 2940.

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  • C.M. Fedo H.W. Nesbitt G.M. Young 1995 Unraveling the effects of potassium metasomatism in sedimentary rocks and paleosols, with implications for paleoweathering conditions and provenance Geology 23 921 924.

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  • C.M. Fedo K.A. Eriksson E.J. Krogstad 1996 Geochemistry of shales from the Archean (∼3.0 Ga) Buhwa Greenstone Belt, Zimbabve: Implications for provenance and source-area weathering Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60 1751 1763.

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  • J. Fülöp 1994 Magyarország geológiája. Paleozoikum II Akadémiai Kiadó Budapest (Geology of Hungary. Paleozoic, II).

  • J. Gaillardet B. Dupré C.J. Allegre 1999 Geochemistry of large river suspended sediments: Silicate weathering or recycling tracer Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 63/23–24 4037 4051.

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  • J. Haas G. Hámor L. Korpás 1999 Geological setting and tectonic evolution of Hungary Geologica Hungarica Ser. Geol. 24 179 196.

  • Zs. Hartyáni I. Pécsi S. Szabó J. Szauer L. Merényi V. Szilágyi 2000 Mineralogical and chemical investigation of soil formed on basaltic bentonite at Egyházaskeszö, Transdanubia, Hungary Acta Geol. Hung. 43/4 431 446.

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  • S. Hassan I. Hiroaki B.P. Roser K. Dozen T. Naka 1999 Geochemistry of Permian-Triassic shales in the Salt Range, Pakistan: Implications for provenance and tectonism at the Gondwana margin Chemical Geology 158 293 314.

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  • Hetényi, R., L. Ravasz-Baranyai 1976: A baranyai antracittelepes felsökarbon összlet a Siklósbodony 1. és a Bogádmindszent 1. sz. fúrás tükrében (The anthracitiferous Upper Carboniferous sequence of Baranya, South Hungary, in the light of boreholes Siklósbodony-1 and Bogádmindszent-1). — MÁFI Évi Jelentése az 1973. évröl, pp. 323361. (In Hungarian, with English abstract.).

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  • Jámbor, Á. 1969: Karbon képzödmények a Mecsek és a Villányi-hegység közötti területen (Carboniferous deposits in the area between the Mecsek and Villány Mountains). — MÁFI Évi Jelentése az 1967. évröl, pp. 215221. (In Hungarian, with English abstract.).

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  • Y.I. Lee 2002 Provenance derived from the geochemistry of late Paleozoic-early Mesozoic mudrocks of the Pyeongan Supergroup, Korea Sedimentary Geology 149 219 235.

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  • H.W. Nesbitt G.M. Young 1982 Early Proterozoic climates and plate motions inferred from major element chemistry of lutites Nature 299 715 717.

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  • H.W. Nesbitt G.M. Young 1984 Prediction of some weathering trends of plutonic and volcanic rocks based on thermodynamic and kinetic considerations Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 48 1523 1534.

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  • H.W. Nesbitt G.M. Young 1989 Formation and diagenesis of weathering profiles Journal of Geology 97 129 147.

  • H.W. Nesbitt G. Markovics R.C. Price 1980 Chemical processes affecting alkalines and alkaline earths during continental weathering Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 44 1659 1666.

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  • H.W. Nesbitt C.M. Fedo G.M. Young 1997 Quartz and feldspar stability, steady and nonsteady-state weathering, and petrogenesis of siliciclastic sands and muds Journal of Geology 105 173 191.

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  • T. Szederkényi 2001 Tisza Mega-unit J. Haas Geology of Hungary Eötvös University Press Budapest 148 169.

  • A.R. Varga Gy. Szakmány 2004 Geochemistry and provenance of the Upper Carboniferous sandstones from borehole Diósviszló-3 Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Szeged 45/2 7 14 (Téseny Sandstone Formation, SW Hungary).

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  • A. Varga Gy. Szakmány S. Józsa Z. Máthé 2001 A nyugat-mecseki alsó-miocén konglomerátum karbon homokkö kavicsainak és a Tésenyi Homokkö Formáció képzödményeinek petrográfiai és geokémiai összehasonlítása Földtani Közlöny 131 11 36 (Petrographic and geochemical comparison between the Carboniferous sandstone pebbles of the Lower Miocene conglomerate from western Mecsek Mts. and Téseny Sandstone Formation).

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  • A. Varga B. Raucsik Gy. Szakmány Zs. Hartyáni V. Szilágyi T. Horváth 2002 Mállási indexek összehasonlítása: a kémiai mállás hatása törmelékes közetek ásvaányos összetételére Magyar Kémiai Folyóirat 108/9 387 396 (Comparison of weathering indices: the effects of chemical weathering of mineralogical composition of siliciclastic rocks).

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  • A.R. Varga Gy. Szakmány S. Józsa Z. Máthé 2003 Petrology and geochemistry of Upper Carboniferous siliciclastic rocks Acta Geologica Hungarica 46/1 95 113 (Téseny Sandstone Formation) from the Slavonian-Drava Unit (Tisza Megaunit, S Hungary) — summarized results.

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  • A.R. Varga B. Raucsik Gy. Szakmány 2004 A Siklósbodony Sb-1 mélyfúrás feltételezett karbon-perm határképzödményeinek ásványtani, közettani és geokémiai jellemzöi Földtani Közlöny 134/3 321 343 (Mineralogical, petrographic and geochemical characteristics of siliciclastic rocks from the supposed Carboniferous-Permian boundary in borehole Siklósbodony Sb-1, southwestern Hungary).

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  • Varga, A., Gy. Szakmány, T. Árgyelán, S. Józsa, B. Raucsik, Z. Máthé 2007: Complex examination of the Upper Paleozoic siliciclastic rocks from southern Transdanubia, SW Hungary — Mineralogical, petrographic, and geochemical study. — In: Arribas, J., S. Critelli, M.J. Johnsson (eds): Sedimentary Provenance and Petrogenesis: Perspectives from Petrography and Geochemistry. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 420, pp. 221240.

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  • C.E. Weaver 1989 Clays, Muds, and Shales Elsevier Amsterdam.

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Attila DEMÉNY

Deputy Editor(s)-in-Chief: Béla RAUCSIK

Co-ordinating Editor(s): Gábor SCHMIEDL

Editorial Board

  • Zsolt BENKÓ (Geochemistry, Ar dating; Institute for Nuclear Research, Debrecen)
  • Szabolcs HARANGI (Petrology, geochemistry, volcanology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Anette GÖTZ (Sedimentology; Landesamt für Bergbau, Energie und Geologie, Hannover)
  • János HAAS (Regional Geology and Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • István Gábor HATVANI (Geomathematics; Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Budapest)
  • Henry M. LIEBERMAN (Language Editor; Salt Lake City)
  • János KOVÁCS (Quaternary geology; University of Pécs)
  • Szilvia KÖVÉR (Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Tivadar M. TÓTH (Mineralogy; Petrology    University of Szeged)
  • Stephen J. MOJZSIS (Petrology, geochemistry and planetology; University of Colorado Boulder)
  • Norbert NÉMETH (Structural geology; University of Miskolc)
  • Attila ŐSI (Paleontology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • József PÁLFY (Fossils and Stratigraphic Records; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • György POGÁCSÁS (Petroleum Geology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Krisztina SEBE (Tectonics, sedimentology, geomorphology University of Pécs)
  • Ioan SEGHEDY (Petrology and geochemistry; Institute of Geodynamics, Bucharest)
  • Lóránd SILYE (Paleontology; Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca)
  • Ákos TÖRÖK (Applied and Environmental Earth Sciences; Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest)
  • Norbert ZAJZON (Petrology and geochemistry; University of Miskolc)
  • Ferenc MOLNÁR (ore geology, geochemistry, geochronology, archaeometry; Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo)

Advisory Board

Due to the changes in editorial functions, the Advisory Board has been terminated. The participation of former Advisory Board members is highly appreciated and gratefully thanked.

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Central European Geology
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Central European Geology
Language English
Size Vol 1-63: B5
Vol 64- : A4
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Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
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ISSN 1788-2281 (Print)
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