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  • 1 Department of Petrology and Geochemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
  • 2 Vening Meinesz Research School of Geodynamics, Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 3 Institute of Lithosphere Studies, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
  • 4 H-1117, Budapest, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, Hungary
  • 5 Budapestlaan 4, 3584 CD, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 6 Althanstrasse 14, A-1090, Vienna, Austria
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Abstract

The 13.5 Ma Harsány ignimbrite, in the eastern part of the Bükkalja volcanic field, eastern-central Europe, provides a rare example of mingled rhyolite. It consists of two distinct pumice populations (‘A’- and ‘B’-type) that can be recognized only by detailed geochemical work. The pumice and the host ignimbrite have a similar mineral assemblage involving quartz, plagioclase, biotite and sporadic Kfeldspar. Zircon, allanite, apatite and ilmenite occur as accessory minerals. The distinct pumice types are recognized by their different trace element compositions and the different CaO contents of their groundmass glasses. Plagioclase has an overlapping composition; however, biotite shows bimodal composition. Based on trace element and major element modeling, a derivation of ‘A’-type rhyolite magma from the ‘B’-type magma by fractional crystallization is excluded. Thus, the two pumice types represent two isolated rhyolite magma batches, possibly residing in the same crystal mush. Coeval remobilization of the felsic magmas might be initiated by intrusion of hot basaltic magma into the silicic magma reservoir The rapid ascent of the foaming rhyolite magmas enabled only a short-lived interaction and thus, a syn-eruptive mingling between the two magma batches.

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