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Péter Sipos Institute for Geochemical Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
H-1112, Budapest, Budaörsi út 45, Hungary

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Tibor Németh Institute for Geochemical Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
H-1112, Budapest, Budaörsi út 45, Hungary

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Zoltán Máthé Mecsekérc Zrt., Pécs, Hungary
H-7633, Pécs, Esztergár Lajos u. 19, Hungary

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Abstract

The search for nuclear waste deposits have been focusing on formations containing large amounts of clay minerals, as they potentially possess significant isolation capacity due to their radionuclide sorption ability. In this study the immobilization processes for Co, Sr and Cs ions on the recently described analcime-containing rock type of the Boda Siltstone Formation were investigated by batch sorption experiments. Our data suggest a high radionuclide immobilization capacity for this rock formation in the following order: Sr > Co > Cs. The dominant immobilization processes were found to be ion exchange and precipitation for Co and Sr, and chemisorption for Cs. The necessity of further sorption analyses on the studied rock formation is also raised.

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  • P. Árkai K. Balogh A. Demény I. Fórizs G. Nagy Z. Máthé 2000 Composition, diagenetic and postdiagenetic alterations of a possible radioactive waste repository site: the Boda Albitic Claystone Formation, Southern Hungary Acta Geol. Hung. 43 351 378.

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  • A. Barabás Barabás-Stuhl 1998 A Mecsek és környezete perm képződményeinek rétegtana I. Bérczi et al.Magyarország geológiai képződményeinek rétegtana MOL and MÁFI Budapest 187 215 (In Hungarian; Stratigraphy of the Permian sequences of the Mecsek Mts and its surroundings).

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  • R.M. Barrer 1978 Cation exchange equilibria in zeolites and feldspathoids L. Sand F. Mumpto Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties Use. Pergamon Press New York 385 395.

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  • Gy. Bárdossy L. Bottyán P. Gadó Griger J. Sasvári 1980 Automated quantitative phase analysis of bauxites American Mineralogist 65 135 141.

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  • Gy. Bárdossy 1998 A radioaktív hulladékok elhelyezése Magyarországon Földt. Közl. 128 179 196 (Disposal of radioactive wastes in Hungary).

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  • J. Carroll F. Boisson S.W. Fowler J.L. Teyssie 1997 Radionuclide adsorption to sediments from nuclear waste dumpling sites in the Kara Sea Marine Pollution Bulletin 35 296 304.

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  • J.G. Catalano J.A. Warner G.E. Brown 2005 Sorption and precipitation of Co(II) in Hanford sediments and alkaline aluminate solutions Applied Geochemistry 20 193 205.

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  • Ch. Chen K.F. Hayes 1999 X-ray absorption spectroscopy investigation of aqueous Co(II) and SR(II) sorption at clay-water interfaces Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 63 3205 3215.

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  • R.M. Cornell 1993 Adsorption of cesium on minerals: a review J. Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 171 483 500.

  • L.J. Crisenti D.A. Sverjensky 1999 The role of electrolite anions (ClO4 , NO3 , Cl) in divalent metal (M2+) adsorption on oxide and hydroxide surfaces in salt solutions Am. J. of Science 299 828 899.

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  • C.H. Giles T.H. McEwan S.N. Nakhawa D. Smith 1960 Studies in adsorption. Part XI. A system of classification of solution adsorption isotherms and its use in diagnosis of adsorption mechanisms and in measurement of specific surface areas of solids Journal of Chemical Society 3 3973 3993.

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  • C. Hinz 2000 Description of sorption data with isotherm equations Geoderma 99 225 243.

  • Y. Inagaki A. Shinkai K. Idemistu T. Arima H. Yoshikawa M. Yui 2006 Aqueous alteration of Japanese simulated waste glass P0798: Effects of alteration-phase formation on alteration rate and cesium retention Journal of Nuclear Materials 354 171 184.

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  • Jámbor 1964 A Mecsek-hegység alsó perm formációi Mecseki Ércbánya Vállalat Kézirat (Lower Permian formations of the Mecsek Mts).

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  • L. Kovács G. Hámos J. Csicsák 2000 Actual state of the site characterization program of the Boda Siltstone Formation Földt. Közl. 130 197 206.

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  • Lázár, K., J. Megyeri, J-C. Parneix, Z. Máthé, T. Szarvas 2008: Diffusion of anionic species (99TcO4, H14CO3) and HTO in Boda Claystone borecore samples. — 4th Annual Workshop, Proceedings of the 6th EC FP — FUNMIG IP, Karlsruhe, Germany, 24–27, November 2008, pp. 199204.

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  • G. Limousin J.-P. Gaudet L. Charlet S. Szenknect V. Barthes M. Krimissa 2007 Sorption isotherms: A review on physical bases, modeling and measurement Applied Geochemistry 22 249 275.

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  • Z. Máthé 1998 Summary report of the site characterization program of the Boda Siltstone Formation Manuscript, Mecsek Ore Environment Company Pécs.

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  • P. Mell J. Megyeri L. Riess Z. Máthé J. Csicsák K. Lázár 2006 Sorption of Co, Cs, Sr and I onto argillaceous rock as studied by radiotracers J. of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 268 405 410.

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  • P. Mell J. Megyeri L. Riess Z. Máthé G. Hámos K. Lázár 2006 Diffusion of Sr, Cs, Co and I in argillaceous rock as studied by radiotracers J. of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 268 411 417.

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  • T. Missana M. Garcia-Gutierrez U. Alonso M. Mingarro 2006 On radionuclide retention mechanisms in fractured geologic media J. of Iberian Geology 32 55 77.

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  • Montagna, G., R. Arletti, G. Vezzalini, F. Di Renzo 2010: Borosilicate and aluminosilicate pollucite nanocrystals for the storage of radionuclides. — Powder Technology doi:.

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  • Németh, T., I. Mohai, M. Tóth 2002: Adsorption of Co and Ni by smectites — an XRD study. — 18th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association, 1–6. September 2002, Edinburgh, Scotland. Programme with Abstracts, pp. 160161.

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  • A.F. Redkin J.J. Hemley 2000 Experimental Cs and Sr sorption on analcime in rock-buffered systems at 250–300 °C and Psat and the thermodynamic evaluation of mineral solubilities and phase relations European Journal of Mineralogy 12 999 1014.

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  • R. Varga A. Szakmány Gy. Szakmány B. Raucsik Z. Máthé 2005 Chemical composition, provenance and early diagenetic processes of playa lake deposits from the Boda Siltstone Formation (Upper Permian), SW Hungary Acta Geol. Hung. 48 49 68.

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  • R. Varga A. Raucsik B. Raucsik Gy. Szakmány Z. Máthé 2006 Mineralogical, petrological and geochemical characteristics of the siliciclastic rock types of Boda Siltstone Formation Földt. Közl. 136 201 232.

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  • J. Santillan-Medrano J.J. Jurinak 1975 The chemistry of lead and cadmium in soil: solid phase formation Soil Science Society of America Journal 39 851 856.

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  • N. Solovich-Vella J.M. Garnier 2006 Comparative kinetic desorption of 60Co, 85Sr and 134Cs from a contaminated natural silica sand column: influence of varying physicochemical conditions and dissolved organic matter Environmental Pollution 141 98 106.

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  • W. Stumm 1992 Chemistry of the solid-water interface: Processes at the mineral-water and particlewater interface in natural systems John Wiley and Sons New York.

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  • D.E.W. Vaughn 1978 Properties of natural zeolites L. Sand F. Mumpton Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties, Use Pergamon Press New York 353 372.

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  • J. Vejsada D. Hradil Z. Randa E. Jelinek K. Stulik 2005 Adsorption of cesium on Chech smectiterich clays — A comparative study Applied Clay Science 30 53 66.

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  • X. Xiong F. Stagnitti N. Turoczy G. Allinson P. Li J. Nieber T.S. Steenhuis J.-Y. Parlange M. LeBlanc A.K. Ziogas A.J.D. Ferreira J.J. Keizer 2005 Competitive sorption of metals in water repellent soils: Implications for irrigation recycled water Australian Journal of Soil Research 43 351 356.

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Editor(s)-in-Chief: Attila DEMÉNY

Deputy Editor(s)-in-Chief: Béla RAUCSIK

Co-ordinating Editor(s): Gábor SCHMIEDL

Editorial Board

  • Zsolt BENKÓ (Geochemistry, Ar dating; Institute for Nuclear Research, Debrecen)
  • Szabolcs HARANGI (Petrology, geochemistry, volcanology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Anette GÖTZ (Sedimentology; Landesamt für Bergbau, Energie und Geologie, Hannover)
  • János HAAS (Regional Geology and Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • István Gábor HATVANI (Geomathematics; Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Budapest)
  • Henry M. LIEBERMAN (Language Editor; Salt Lake City)
  • János KOVÁCS (Quaternary geology; University of Pécs)
  • Szilvia KÖVÉR (Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Tivadar M. TÓTH (Mineralogy; Petrology    University of Szeged)
  • Stephen J. MOJZSIS (Petrology, geochemistry and planetology; University of Colorado Boulder)
  • Norbert NÉMETH (Structural geology; University of Miskolc)
  • Attila ŐSI (Paleontology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • József PÁLFY (Fossils and Stratigraphic Records; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • György POGÁCSÁS (Petroleum Geology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Krisztina SEBE (Tectonics, sedimentology, geomorphology University of Pécs)
  • Ioan SEGHEDY (Petrology and geochemistry; Institute of Geodynamics, Bucharest)
  • Lóránd SILYE (Paleontology; Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca)
  • Ákos TÖRÖK (Applied and Environmental Earth Sciences; Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest)
  • Norbert ZAJZON (Petrology and geochemistry; University of Miskolc)
  • Ferenc MOLNÁR (ore geology, geochemistry, geochronology, archaeometry; Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo)

Advisory Board

Due to the changes in editorial functions, the Advisory Board has been terminated. The participation of former Advisory Board members is highly appreciated and gratefully thanked.

CENTRAL EUROPEAN GEOLOGY
Institute for Geochemical Research
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Address: Budaörsi út 45. H-1112 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (06 1) 309 2681
Phone/fax: (06 1) 319 3137
E-mail: demeny@geochem.hu

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Central European Geology
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Central European Geology
Language English
Size Vol 1-63: B5
Vol 64- : A4
Year of
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Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
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