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  • 1 Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon, Lyon, France
  • | 2 Laboratoire de Minéralogie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
  • | 3 UMR CNRS 5276, Université Lyon 1 et Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, 69622, Villeurbanne, France
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Abstract

Hydrogen gas is produced during the oxidation of the FeO component of silicates by water. This redox reaction occurs during the high-temperature (400 °C–800 °C) hydrothermal alteration of oceanic crustal rocks, and is responsible for H2 production at mid-ocean ridges. Samples of international reference biotite NBS30 (δD = −65.7‰) were reacted at high temperatures (600–1200 °C) in a high-vacuum line, releasing both structural water and hydrogen gas. An apparent fractionation factor α, derived from D/H measurements of water and hydrogen gas, is linearly dependent on T−2 following the equation α = 1.024 + 2477296.T−2 with a residual standard deviation σ = 0.023. The apparent D/H fractionation factors between water vapor and hydrogen gas during biotite oxidation show a dependency on T−2 that resembles those measured either by equilibration experiments or calculated from partition functions. Moreover, the apparent fractionation factors we measured are close to those determined at equilibrium in the same temperature range by Cerrai et al. (1954). This observation suggests that the D/H fractionation between H2O and H2 could be close to equilibrium during the reduction of water to hydrogen by the FeO component of silicates.

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Editor(s)-in-Chief: Attila DEMÉNY

Deputy Editor(s)-in-Chief: Béla RAUCSIK

Co-ordinating Editor(s): Gábor SCHMIEDL

Editorial Board

  • Zsolt BENKÓ (Geochemistry, Ar dating; Institute for Nuclear Research, Debrecen)
  • Szabolcs HARANGI (Petrology, geochemistry, volcanology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Anette GÖTZ (Sedimentology; Landesamt für Bergbau, Energie und Geologie, Hannover)
  • János HAAS (Regional Geology and Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • István Gábor HATVANI (Geomathematics; Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Budapest)
  • Henry M. LIEBERMAN (Language Editor; Salt Lake City)
  • János KOVÁCS (Quaternary geology; University of Pécs)
  • Szilvia KÖVÉR (Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Tivadar M. TÓTH (Mineralogy; Petrology    University of Szeged)
  • Stephen J. MOJZSIS (Petrology, geochemistry and planetology; University of Colorado Boulder)
  • Norbert NÉMETH (Structural geology; University of Miskolc)
  • Attila ŐSI (Paleontology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • József PÁLFY (Fossils and Stratigraphic Records; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • György POGÁCSÁS (Petroleum Geology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Krisztina SEBE (Tectonics, sedimentology, geomorphology University of Pécs)
  • Ioan SEGHEDY (Petrology and geochemistry; Institute of Geodynamics, Bucharest)
  • Lóránd SILYE (Paleontology; Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca)
  • Ákos TÖRÖK (Applied and Environmental Earth Sciences; Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest)
  • Norbert ZAJZON (Petrology and geochemistry; University of Miskolc)
  • Ferenc MOLNÁR (ore geology, geochemistry, geochronology, archaeometry; Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo)

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Due to the changes in editorial functions, the Advisory Board has been terminated. The participation of former Advisory Board members is highly appreciated and gratefully thanked.

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Central European Geology
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