Authors:
Lóránt Bíró Department of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Petrology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
H-6701, Szeged, P. O. Box 651, Hungary, rodokrozit@gmail.com, mtoth@geo.u-szeged.hu

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Márta Polgári Institute for Geochemical Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
Budapest, Budaörsi u. 45, Hungary

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Tivadar M. Tóth Department of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Petrology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
H-6701, Szeged, P. O. Box 651, Hungary, rodokrozit@gmail.com, mtoth@geo.u-szeged.hu

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Abstract

Analytical data of primary oxidized manganese ores were processed by statistical methods. Six hundred and twenty-one samples were measured (Mn, Fe, Si, and P); thus 2,426 assay data were available. The statistical pointer numbers, the distribution of the elements and the results of the correlational analysis showed the heterogeneity of the ore samples where the measured elements correlated weakly. The samples were grouped by the 4 elements to decrease the heterogeneity and the concentration of elements, and these relationships in the groups were examined. Very few and weak relationships were proved in the groups by the results of the correlational and regressional analysis. It is possible that not the heterogeneity of the samples but one or more syngenetic or postgenetic processes caused the absence of relationships. The multivariate statistical processes (principal component analysis, discriminance analysis) allow the determination of the background factors, namely which are the effects that produced the ore. Consequently — with high probability — the ore was formed by two processes. The most likely are hydrothermal and microbial ones (on the basis of geochemical results), but supergene enrichment processes can also be taken into consideration. Both hydrothermal and microbial processes played a significant role in the majority of the samples (81%), which are the ferruginous manganese ores. In the smaller group of samples (19%) the hydrothermal process predominates but the microbial one is also influential, namely for the low iron-bearing manganese ores of excellent quality.

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  • L. Fodor B. Koroknai Kad. Balogh I. Dunkl P. Horváth 2003 Nappe position of the Transdanubian Range Unit (“Bakony”) based on structural and geochronological data from NE Slovenia Bulletin of Hungarian Geol. Soc. 133/ 4 535 546.

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  • S.E. Humphris R.A. Zierenberg L.S. Mullineaux R.E. Thomson 1995 Seafloor hydrothermal systems. Physical, chemical, biological, and geological interactions American Geophysical Union Washington, DC, USA.

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  • M. Kázmér S. Kovács 1985 Permian-Paleogene paleogeography along the eastern part of the Insubric-Periadriatic Lineament system: evidence for continental escape of the Bakony-Drauzug Unit Acta Geologica Hungarica 28/ 1–2 71 84.

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  • J.J. Morgan 2005 Kinetics of reaction between O2 an Mn(II) species in aqueous solutions Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 69 35 48.

  • M. Polgári Z. Szabó T. Szederkényi 2000 Manganese Ores in Hungary — In commemoration of professor Gyula Grasselly MTA Szegedi Akadémiai Bizottsága. Szeged.

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  • M. Polgári M. Szabó-Drubina Z. Szabó 2004 Theoretical model for the Mid-European Jurassic Mncarbonate mineralization Úrkút, Hungary Bulletin of Geosciences, Czech Geological Survey 79/ 1 53 61.

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  • Z. Szabó 1970 Research report on the geological exploration of the Csárda Hill area, 1970 Hungarian Geological Institute Manuscript. Archive.

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  • A. Vörös A. Galácz 1998 Jurassic palaeogeography of the Transdanubian Central Range (Hungary) Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 104 69 84.

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Attila DEMÉNY

Deputy Editor(s)-in-Chief: Béla RAUCSIK

Co-ordinating Editor(s): Gábor SCHMIEDL

Editorial Board

  • Zsolt BENKÓ (Geochemistry, Ar dating; Institute for Nuclear Research, Debrecen)
  • Szabolcs HARANGI (Petrology, geochemistry, volcanology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Anette GÖTZ (Sedimentology; Landesamt für Bergbau, Energie und Geologie, Hannover)
  • János HAAS (Regional Geology and Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • István Gábor HATVANI (Geomathematics; Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Budapest)
  • Henry M. LIEBERMAN (Language Editor; Salt Lake City)
  • János KOVÁCS (Quaternary geology; University of Pécs)
  • Szilvia KÖVÉR (Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Tivadar M. TÓTH (Mineralogy; Petrology    University of Szeged)
  • Stephen J. MOJZSIS (Petrology, geochemistry and planetology; University of Colorado Boulder)
  • Norbert NÉMETH (Structural geology; University of Miskolc)
  • Attila ŐSI (Paleontology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • József PÁLFY (Fossils and Stratigraphic Records; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • György POGÁCSÁS (Petroleum Geology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Krisztina SEBE (Tectonics, sedimentology, geomorphology University of Pécs)
  • Ioan SEGHEDY (Petrology and geochemistry; Institute of Geodynamics, Bucharest)
  • Lóránd SILYE (Paleontology; Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca)
  • Ákos TÖRÖK (Applied and Environmental Earth Sciences; Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest)
  • Norbert ZAJZON (Petrology and geochemistry; University of Miskolc)
  • Ferenc MOLNÁR (ore geology, geochemistry, geochronology, archaeometry; Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo)

Advisory Board

Due to the changes in editorial functions, the Advisory Board has been terminated. The participation of former Advisory Board members is highly appreciated and gratefully thanked.

CENTRAL EUROPEAN GEOLOGY
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Scopus
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0,593
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106
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Central European Geology
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Central European Geology
Language English
Size Vol 1-63: B5
Vol 64- : A4
Year of
Foundation
2007 (1952)
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
2
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
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H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
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Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1788-2281 (Print)
ISSN 1789-3348 (Online)

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