Authors:
Tibor Zelenka Institute of Mineralogy and Geology, University of Miskolc, Miskolc, Hungary
H-3515, Miskolc-Egyetemváros, Hungary

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Pál Gyarmati Geological Institute of Hungary, Budapest, Hungary
H-1143, Budapest, Stefánia út 14, Hungary

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János Kiss Eötvös Loránd Geophysical Institute of Hungary, Budapest, Hungary
H-1145, Budapest, Kolumbusz u. 17-23, Hungary

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Abstract

The Tokaj Mts, situated in the northeastern part of the inner arc of the Carpathians, forms a part of a Miocene calc-alkaline andesitic-dacitic-rhyolitic volcanic island arc. The ancient volcanic structures were reconstructed on the basis of the 1:50 000-scale and 22 sheets of the 1:25 000-scale geologicpetrologic maps, as well as the revision of the volcanic facies in 150 boreholes. Multispectral and SAR satellite imagery, aerial photos, data and maps of airborne geophysical surveys (magnetic and radiometric), gravity-filtered anomaly maps, geochemical (soil and stream sediment Au, As, Sb, Hg) concentration distribution maps and the K/Ar dating of 132 samples from 80 paleomagnetic measurements were also used.

The anomalies were only taken into consideration in the interpretation if the coincident results of at least 3 methods indicated the presence of any volcanic structure. In consequence, 91 map-scale volcanic structures were identified by morphology — complex calderas, single lava domes, volcanic fissures, subvolcanic intrusions, diatremes, stratovolcanoes and postvolcanic formations. Conclusions were also drawn regarding the link to the volcanic structures and prospective occurrences of the mineral resources of the Tokaj Mts: andesite, dacite, welded zeolitic tuff, K-metasomatite, perlite, pitchstone, pumice, bentonitic, illitic, kaolinitic, diatom-bearing and silicified lacustrine sediments, hydrothermal Au-Ag and Pb-Zn veins, and Hg stockwerks.

  • F. S. Beudant 1822 Voyage mineralogique et geologique en Hongrie pendant l'année 1818. (Geological and mineralogical field trip in Hungary during 1818), Vols 1–3 + Atlas — Verdiére Paris.

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  • R.A.F. Cas J.V. Wright 1988 Volcanic Successions — Modern and Ancient Unwin Hyman London.

  • Gulyás J. Kiss T. Zelenka 2000 Kálimetaszomatizált területek kimutatása és lehatárolása légi geofizikai és földtani módszerekkel Földtani Kutatás 37/3 19 23 (Detection and definition of areas affected by potassic metasomatism by airborne geophysics and geologic methods).

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  • Gyarmati, P. 1977a: A Tokaji-hegység szerkezeti-vulkanotektonikai vázlata (térkép) (Structuralvolcanotectonic sketch of the Tokaj Mts [map])? — Supplement to the MÁFI Évkönyv 58, (Hungarian - English).

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  • P. Gyarmati 1977 A Tokaji-hegység intermedier vulkanizmusa MÁFI Évkönyv 58 1 195 (Intermediate volcanism in the Tokaj Mts).

  • P. Gyarmati 1997 A Tokaji-hegység Pannon Enciklopédia Kertek 2000 Kiadó Budapest 387 391 (The Tokaj Mts).

  • P. Gyarmati T. Zelenka 1968 A Tokaji-hegység földtani térképe. 25 000-es sorozat. Mád MÁFI Budapest (Geological map of the Tokaj Mts, 1:25 000 scale series, Mád sheet).

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  • P. Gyarmati T. Zelenka 1968 Magyarázó a Tokaji-hegység földtani térképéhez. 25 000-es sorozat. Mád MÁFI Budapest (Explanatory volume to the geological map of the Tokaj Mts, 1:25 000 scale series, Mád sheet).

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  • Gyarmati, P., E. Perlaki, L. Pentelényi 1977: A Tokaji hegység földtani térképe (Geological map of the Tokaj Mts). — Supplement to the MÁFI Évkönyv 58, (Hungarian — English).

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  • Gyarmati, P., T. Zelenka 2000: A Tokaji-hegység paleovulkáni újraértékelése (Paleovolcanic reinterpretation of the Tokaj Mts). — manuscript (In Hungarian.).

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  • A. Hartikainen I. Horváth L. Ódor L. Ó. Kovács J. Csongrádi 1992 Regional multimedia geochemical exploration for Au in the Tokaj Mountains, northeast Hungary Applied Geochemistry 7/6 533 547.

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  • A. Hartikainen I. Horváth L. Ódor L. Ó. Kovács U. Fügedi 1993 Regional geochemical survey of the Tokaj Mountains, northeast Hungary Tutkimusraportti (Report of Investigation) 120 Geological Survey of Finland Espoo.

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  • Hegedûs, E., K. Posgay, T. Bodoky, T. Fancsik, A. Cs. Kovács, R. Csabafi and Celebration Working Group, 2002: 3D refraction tomographic images from the Mátra-Zemplén region. — Geologica Carpathica 53 Special CD Issue: Proceedings of XVII. Congress of Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association Bratislava, September 1st–4th 2002.

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  • A. Hoffer 1928 Néhány szó a Tokaji-hegység eruptivumainak településéhez Földtani Közlöny 58 127 130 (Some remarks on the stratigraphy of eruptive rocks in the Tokaj Mts).

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  • Hoffer, A. 1937: A Szerencsi-sziget földtani viszonyai (Geological features of the Szerencs Inselberg). — A debreceni Tud. Egy. Ásvány-földtani Intézetének Közl., 8 (Tisia 2), Debrecen (In Hungarian.).

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  • J. Horváth T. Fegyvári T. Zelenka 1989 Paleovolcanic structures in the North-Tokaj Mountains interpreted on the basis of the satellite imagery and aerial photography Acta Geologica Hungarica 32/ 1–2 47 51.

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  • J. Horváth T. Zelenka 1997 A telkibányai nemesfém-ércesedés legújabb bányaföldtani adatai és értékelése Földtani Közlöny 127/ 3–4 405 430 (The latest data on the Telkibánya precious metal mineralization and their evaulation).

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  • E. Ilkeyné Perlaki 1967 Magyarázó a Tokaji-hegység földtani térképéhez, 25 000-es sorozat. Gönc MÁFI Budapest 48 63 (Explanatory volume to the geological map of the Tokaj Mts, 1:25 000 scale series, Gönc sheet).

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  • E. Ilkeyné Perlaki 1978 Magyarázó a Tokaji-hegység földtani térképéhez, 25 000-es sorozat. Nyíri MÁFI Budapest (Explanatory volume to the geological map of the Tokaj Mts, 1:25 000 scale series, Nyíri sheet).

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  • L. Jugovics 1962 Kõbányászatunk fejlesztése céljából 1948–1960. évek alatt végzett geológiai kutatások gyakorlati eredményei Építõanyag 14/ 3-4 116 120 (Practical results of geological explorations for development of quarrying in the period 1948–1960).

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  • J. Kiss Gulyás 1998 Jelentés a Légigeofizikai és Távérzékelési Laboratórium 1998. évi feladatairól ELGI archive Manuscript (Report on the tasks of the Aerogeophysical and Remote Sensing Laboratory in 1998).

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  • J. Kiss E. Prácser 2000 Szelvénymenti gravitációs és légimágneses feldolgozások a Tokaji-hegység területén Földtani Kutatás 37/4 18 24 (Interpreted gravity and airborne magnetic sections in the Tokaj Mts).

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  • J. Kiss T. Zelenka 2009 Geological features, geophysical measurements and interpretation at the Telkibánya research area Publications of the University of Miskolc, Series A, Mining 78 97 113.

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  • L. Kulcsár I. Bartha 1971 Kõzettani vizsgálatok az erdõbényei Mulatóhegy-Barnamáj lakkolitján Acta Geogr. Debrecina 15–16 39 72 (Petrographical studies on the Mulatóhegy-Barnamáj laccolith near Erdõbénye village).

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  • E. Lengyel 1959 Földtani és kõzettani megfigyelések a Tokaji-hegységben Földtani Közlöny 89/4 381 392 (Geological and petrological observations in the Tokaj Mts).

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  • A. Liffa 1940 Boldogkõváralja és környékének geológiai viszonyai MÁFI Évi Jel 1933–35 1337 1411 (Geological features of the vicinity of Boldogkõváralja).

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  • A. Liffa 1953 Telkibánya környékének földtana és kõzettana MÁFI Évkönyv 41/3 1 78 (Geology and petrology of the Telkibánya area).

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  • F. Molnár T. Zelenka 1995 Fluid inclusion characteristics and paleothermal structure of the adularia-sericite type epithermal deposite at Telkibánya, Tokaj Mts Northeast Hungary Geologica Carpathica 46/4 205 215.

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  • Molnár, F., T. Zelenka, E. Mátyás, Z. Pécskay, B. Bajnóczi, J. Kiss, I. Horváth 1999: Epithermal mineralization of the Tokaj Mountains, Northeast Hungary: Shallow levels of low-sulfidation type systems. — In: Molnár, F., J. Lexa, J.W. Hedenquist (eds): Epithermal mineralization of the Western Carpathians. — Guidebook Series 31, Guidebook prepared for the Society of Economic Geologists Field Conference, 4–13. September 1999, pp. 109153.

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  • F. Molnár Z. Pécskay 2002 Relationships between volcanism and hydrothermal activity in the Tokaj Mountains, Northeast Hungary, based on K-Ar ages Geologica Carpathica 53/5 303 314.

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  • A.E.M. Nairn J. Negendank G. Pantó 1971 Palaeomagnetic investigations of the Tertiary and Quaternary igneous rocks: IV. The Tertiary volcanic rocks of the Tokaji Mountains, Hungary Geologische Rundschau 60/2 727 743.

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  • G. Pantó 1963 Ignimbrites of Hungary with regard to their genetics and classification Bulletin of Volcanology 25/1 175 181.

  • G. Pantó 1967 A plutói és vulkáni kõzetképzõdés határkérdései MTA X. Oszt. Közl. 1 67 78 (Borderline problems of plutonic and volcanic rock formation).

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  • M. Pálfy 1927 Adatok a Tokaji hegység harmadkori erupcióinak korviszonyaihoz Földtani Közlöny 57 67 71 (Data to the age of the Tertiary eruptions in the Tokaj Mts).

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  • L. Pentelényi 1967 Magyarázó a Tokaji-hegység földtani térképéhez. 25 000-es sorozat. Erdõbénye MÁFI Budapest (Explanatory volume to the geological map of the Tokaj Mts, 1:25 000 scale series, Erdõbénye sheet).

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  • Z. Pécskay K. Balogh V. Széky-Fux P. Gyarmati 1986 Geochronological investigations on the Neogene volcanism of the Tokaj Mountains Geologicky Zborník — Geologica Carpathica 37/5 635 655.

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  • Z. Pécskay J. Lexa A. Szakács K. Balogh I. Seghedi V. Konecny E. Kovács E. Márton M. Kaliciak V. Széky-Fux T. Póka P. Gyarmati O. Edelstein E. Rosu B. Zec 1995 Space and time distribution of Neogene-Quaternary volcanism in the Carpatho-Pannonian Region Acta Vulcanologica 7/2 15 28.

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  • Z. Pécskay F. Molnár T. Itaya T. Zelenka 2005 Geology and K-Ar geochronology of illite from the clay deposit at Füzérradvány, Tokaj Mts, Hungary Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica 46 1 7.

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  • F. Richthofen 1861 Studien aus dem ungarisch-siebenbürgischen Trachytgebirge Jahrbuch der Geologischen Reichsanstalt 11 153 278 (Observations in the Hungarian-Transylvanian trachyte mountains).

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  • P. Rozlozsnik 1937 A Tokaj-Hegyalja DNY-i részének s a vele dél felõl határos sík terület földtani viszonyai MÁFI Évi Jel. 1929–32 329 364 (Geological features of the SW part of the Tokaj-Hegyalja and the surrounding plain to S).

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  • P. Rózsa 1994 The dacite flows of the Miocene Tokaj-Nagyhegy stratovolcano: an example of magma mixing Geol. Carpathica 45/3 139 144.

  • J. Szabó 1867 Tokaj-Hegyalja és környékének földtani viszonyai Mathematikai és Természettudományi Közlemények 4 226 303 (Geological features of Tokaj-Hegyalja and its surroundings).

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  • Gy. Szádeczky 1897 A Sátoraljaújhelytõl ÉNY-ra, Rudabányácska és Kovácsvágás közé esõ terület geológiai és kõzettani tekintetben Földtani Közlöny 27 273 326 (The area NW from Sátoraljaújhely, between Rudabányácska and Kovácsvágás from a geological-petrographical point of view).

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  • Szalay, E., Z. Pécskay, T. Zelenka 2007: A Tokaji-hegységi miocén vulkanitok paleomágneses és K/Ar koradatainak területi, idõbeli változásai a földtani képzõdményekben (Spatial and temporal variance of paleomagnetic and K/Ar age data in the Miocene volcanics of the Tokaj Mts). - manuscript (In Hungarian.).

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  • V. Székyné Fux 1970 Telkibánya ércesedése és kárpáti kapcsolatai Akadémiai Kiadó Budapest (The mineralization of Telkibánya and its connections to the Carpathians).

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  • Telegdi Róth, K. 1935: Az 1934. évben Erdõbénye környékén végzett geológiai felvételrõl (On the geological record at Erdõbénye in 1934). — Manuscript, MÁFI archive (In Hungarian.).

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  • H. Wolf 1869 Erläuterungen zu den geologischen Karten der Umgebung von Hajdunánás, Tokaj und Sátoraljaújhely Jahrbuch der Geologischen Reichsanstalt 19 235 264 (Explanations to the geological maps of the vicinity of Hajdunánás, Tokaj and Sátoraljaújhely).

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  • T. Zelenka 1964 A “Szerencsi-öböl” szarmata tufaszintjei és fáciesei Földtani Közlöny 94/1 33 52 (Sarmatian tuff horizons and facies of the ‘szerencs Embayment’).

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  • T. Zelenka 1967 Veränderungen vulkanischer Gläser aufgrund mikroskopischer Untersuchungen Acta Geologica Hungarica 11/4 437 451 (Alteration of volcanic glasses as observed under the microscope).

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  • Zelenka, T. 1997: Paleovulkáni szerkezetek felismerése és azonosítása ûrfotók alapján Magyarországi példákon (Recognition and identification of paleovolcanic structures on satellite imagery, case studies from Hungary). — VII. Földfelszíni és meteorológiai megfigyelések a Világûrbõl szeminárium, Magyar Asztronautikai Társaság, pp. 7682. (In Hungarian.).

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  • Zelenka, T. 1998: Recognition and identification of paleovolcanic structures in Hungary by space photographs. — Carp.-Balkan. Geol. Ass. XVI. Congress, p. 649.

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  • T. Zelenka 2000 A Tokaji-hegység vulkáni szerkezeteinek távérzékeléses (ûr- és légifotó) vizsgálatai Földtani Kutatás 37/4 13 17 (Remote sensing studies (satellite imagery and airborne photography) of the volcanic structures in the Tokaj Mts).

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  • Zelenka, T. 2008: A pálházai perlitelõfordulás földtana (Geology of the perlites in the Pálháza region). — 6th International Perlite Conference and Exhibition, Scientific Society of the Silicate Industry, pp. 5176. (In Hungarian.).

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  • Zelenka, T., P. Gyarmati, J. Kiss, L. Vértesy, I. Horváth, Z. Pécskay, E. Szalay 2007: A Tokaji-hegység paleovulkáni rekonstrukciója (Paleovolcanic reconstruction of the Tokaj Mts). — Manuscript (MTA Geochemistry Comittee Report), 55 p. (In Hungarian.).

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Attila DEMÉNY

Deputy Editor(s)-in-Chief: Béla RAUCSIK

Co-ordinating Editor(s): Gábor SCHMIEDL

Editorial Board

  • Zsolt BENKÓ (Geochemistry, Ar dating; Institute for Nuclear Research, Debrecen)
  • Szabolcs HARANGI (Petrology, geochemistry, volcanology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Anette GÖTZ (Sedimentology; Landesamt für Bergbau, Energie und Geologie, Hannover)
  • János HAAS (Regional Geology and Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • István Gábor HATVANI (Geomathematics; Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Budapest)
  • Henry M. LIEBERMAN (Language Editor; Salt Lake City)
  • János KOVÁCS (Quaternary geology; University of Pécs)
  • Szilvia KÖVÉR (Sedimentology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Tivadar M. TÓTH (Mineralogy; Petrology    University of Szeged)
  • Stephen J. MOJZSIS (Petrology, geochemistry and planetology; University of Colorado Boulder)
  • Norbert NÉMETH (Structural geology; University of Miskolc)
  • Attila ŐSI (Paleontology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • József PÁLFY (Fossils and Stratigraphic Records; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • György POGÁCSÁS (Petroleum Geology; Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Krisztina SEBE (Tectonics, sedimentology, geomorphology University of Pécs)
  • Ioan SEGHEDY (Petrology and geochemistry; Institute of Geodynamics, Bucharest)
  • Lóránd SILYE (Paleontology; Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca)
  • Ákos TÖRÖK (Applied and Environmental Earth Sciences; Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest)
  • Norbert ZAJZON (Petrology and geochemistry; University of Miskolc)
  • Ferenc MOLNÁR (ore geology, geochemistry, geochronology, archaeometry; Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo)

Advisory Board

Due to the changes in editorial functions, the Advisory Board has been terminated. The participation of former Advisory Board members is highly appreciated and gratefully thanked.

CENTRAL EUROPEAN GEOLOGY
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Central European Geology
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Central European Geology
Language English
Size Vol 1-63: B5
Vol 64- : A4
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2007 (1952)
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Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
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ISSN 1788-2281 (Print)
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