View More View Less
  • 1 University of Pécs Pécs
Restricted access

In this study the most important theories about the evolutionary and cultural approaches of humor and laughter are considered. Gender differences and their explanation are also highlighted regarding gossip and humor. Politics has a huge impact on people's everyday lives and their views about the world. Political jokes can provide us with a shaded picture about these implicit views which help us find solutions for intergroup conflicts.

  • FARNE, M. (1995): Guarir dal ridere. La psico-biologia della battuta di spirito. Bollati Boringhieri.

    Guarir dal ridere. , ().

  • FREUD, S. (1905): Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious.

    Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious. , ().

  • BARKOW J. H. (1989): Darwin, Sex, and Status. Biological Approach to Mind and Culture. Toronto, University of Toronto Press.

    Darwin, Sex, and Status. Biological Approach to Mind and Culture. , ().

  • BENSON and ZAIDEL (1985): The Dual Brain. In Library of Excerpts. Humor and Play: Hetero-chronic Patterns.

    The Dual Brain. , ().

  • BOTTONI, S. (2001): L'approccio di Bibó alle questioni nazionali. In: Bibó and the History of Hungary in the 20th Century, International Conference. Trento, Okt., 2001. http://www.mek.iif.hu/porta/szint/tarsad/ tortenel/mo_1918/bibokonf/bibokonf.htm#2.

    L'approccio di Bibó alle questioni nazionali. , ().

  • BREAKWELL, G. (1986): Coping with threatened identities. London, Methuen.

    Coping with threatened identities. , ().

  • EIBL-EIBESFELDT, I. (1989): Human Ethology. New York, Aldine de Gruyter.

    Human Ethology. , ().

  • EIBL-EIBESFELDT, I. and SALTER, F. K. (eds) (1998): Indoctrinability, Ideology and Warfare. New York, Berghahn.

    Indoctrinability, Ideology and Warfare. , ().

  • GRAMMER, K. (1989): Human courtship behavior: Biological Basis and Cognitive Processing; In Rasa, A. E. and Vogel, G. (eds): Sociobiology of Sexual and Reproductive Strategies. New York, Chapman and Hall.

    Human courtship behavior: Biological Basis and Cognitive Processing; , ().

  • CHAPMAN, A. J. (1976): Social aspects of humorous laughter. In Chapman, A. J. and Foot, H. C. (eds): Humor and Laughter: Theory, research and applications. Wiley.

    Social aspects of humorous laughter. , ().

  • COSER, R. L. (1966): Laughter among colleagues. Psychiatry. 23, 81-95.

    '): Laughter among colleagues. ' () 23 Psychiatry. : 81 -95.

  • CRAWFORD, M. and GRESSLEY, D. (1991): Creativity, caring and context: Women's and men's accounts of humor preferences and practices; Psychology of Women Quaterly. 15, 217-231.

    'Creativity, caring and context: Women's and men's accounts of humor preferences and practices; ' () 15 Psychology of Women Quaterly. : 217 -231.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • DARWIN, CH. (1872): The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. In Library of Excerpts. Humor and Play: Heterochronic Patterns. www.humanevolution.net/a/humorplayfun.html

    The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. , ().

  • DAVIES, CH. (1996): Ethnic Humor Around the World. Indiana University Press

    Ethnic Humor Around the World. , ().

  • DAVIES, CH. (1998): Jokes and their Relation to Society. Berlin, New York, Mourton de Gruyter.

    Jokes and their Relation to Society. , ().

  • DEVEREUX, P. G. and GINSBURG, G. P. (2001): Sociality Effects on the Production of Laughter; Journal of General Psychology. April

    'Sociality Effects on the Production of Laughter; ' () Journal of General Psychology. .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • DIENSKE, H. (1986): A comparative approach to the question of why human infants develop so slowly. In Library of Excerpts. Humor and Play: Heterochronic Patterns. www.humanevolution.net/a/humorplayfun.html

    A comparative approach to the question of why human infants develop so slowly. , ().

    • Search Google Scholar
  • DUNBAR, R. (1994): Primate Social Systems. London, Chapman and Hall.

    Primate Social Systems. , ().

  • DUNBAR, R. (1996): Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution of Language. London, Faber and Faber.

    Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution of Language. , ().

  • GOFFMAN, E. (1959): The Presentation of Slef in Everyday Life. New York, Doubleday Anchor Books, Doubleday and Company Inc.

    The Presentation of Slef in Everyday Life. , ().

  • HASSETT, J. and HOULIAN, J. (1979): Different jokes for different folks. Psychology Today. 12, 64-71.

    'Different jokes for different folks. ' () 12 Psychology Today. : 64 -71.

  • HERTZLER, J. O. (1970): Laughter: A social scientific analysis. New York, Exposition Press.

    Laughter: A social scientific analysis. , ().

  • IZARD, C. E. (1971): The Face of Emotion. New York, Appleton.

    The Face of Emotion. , ().

  • LANE, R. E. and SEARS, D. D. (1964):Public Opinion. Englewood Cliffs, N. J., Prentice-Hall.

    Public Opinion , ().

  • LARSEN, E. (1980): Wit as a weapon. The Political Joke in History. London, Frederick Muller Limited.

    Wit as a weapon. The Political Joke in History. , ().

  • LEONARD, P. (1984): Personality and Ideology: Towards a Materialist Understanding of the Individual. London, MacMillan.

    Personality and Ideology: Towards a Materialist Understanding of the Individual. , ().

    • Search Google Scholar
  • MARTINEAU, W. H. (1972): A model of the social functions of humor. In Goldstein, J. H. and McGhee, P. E. (eds): The psychology of humor. Theoretical persectives and empirical issues (pp. 101-125). New York, Academic.

    A model of the social functions of humor. , () 101 -125.

  • NEVO, O. (2001): Singaporean Humor: A Cross-Cultural, Cross-Gender Comparison. Journal of General Psycholgy. April.

    'Singaporean Humor: A Cross-Cultural, Cross-Gender Comparison. ' () Journal of General Psycholgy .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • NEITZ, M. J. (1980): Humor hierarchy and the changing status of women. Psychiatry. 43, 211-223.

    'Humor hierarchy and the changing status of women. ' () 43 Psychiatry. : 211 -223.

  • NICHOLAS, M. V. (1990): The relationship between early group laughter and group cohesiveness in outpatient psychotherapy groups (Doctoral Dissertation, The Fielding Institute). Dissertation Abstracts International. 51(4), 2068.

  • NICHOLSON, N. (2001): The new word on gossip. Role of gossip in evolutionary psychology. Psychology Today. May.

    'Role of gossip in evolutionary psychology. ' () Psychology Today. .

  • PROVINE, R. R. (2000): The laughing species. Research into the social implications of laughter. Natural History. Dec.

    'The laughing species. Research into the social implications of laughter. ' () Natural History. .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • RUCH, W. and HEHL, F. J. (1988): Attitudes to sex, sexual behavior and enjoyment of humor. Personality and Individual Differences. 9, 983-993.

    'Attitudes to sex, sexual behavior and enjoyment of humor. ' () 9 Personality and Individual Differences. : 983 -993.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • STOKKER, K. (1997): Folklore Fights the Nazis: Humor in Occupied Norway. 1940-1945. The University of Wisconsin Press.

    Folklore Fights the Nazis: Humor in Occupied Norway. , () 1940 -1945.

  • SZVETELSZTKY, ZS. (2003): Ways and transformations of gossip. Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology. 1, 2, 109-122.

    'Ways and transformations of gossip. ' () 1 Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology. : 109 -122.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • TAJFEL, H. (ed.) (1978): Differentiation between social groups. London, Academic Press.

    Differentiation between social groups. , ().

  • WU, T. Y. (1975): The Singapore traditional culture: Changes in Response to the impact of Western culture. Singapore, Singapore University Press.

    The Singapore traditional culture: Changes in Response to the impact of Western culture. , ().

    • Search Google Scholar
  • ZIV, A. (1981): The psychology of humor. Tel Aviv, Yahadav.

  • JOHNSON, D. M. (1999): The psychology of Humor and Wit. From Banana Peels to Viagra Jokes. Fithian Press.

    The psychology of Humor and Wit. From Banana Peels to Viagra Jokes. , ().

  • LAKOFF, R. (1975): Language and woman's place. With R. Scherr. Harper & Row, New York.

    Language and woman's place. , ().