Authors:
László Kátai Szent István University, Páter K. u. 1, H—2100 Gödöllő, Hungary

Search for other papers by László Kátai in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Péter Szendrő Szent István University, Páter K. u. 1, H—2100 Gödöllő, Hungary

Search for other papers by Péter Szendrő in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Péter Gárdonyi Szent István University, Páter K. u. 1, H—2100 Gödöllő, Hungary

Search for other papers by Péter Gárdonyi in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The V-belt drive is a rather popular, widely used form of power transmission in agricultural and food industry engineering. At the same time, its stability, the lifetime of V-belt is influenced by several environmental factors, namely in the food industry by the contamination affecting the belt sides, the ambient temperature, humidity and the occasionally aggressive (acidic, alkaline air, air saturated with gases, etc.) medium. In the case of agricultural machinery, the vibration caused by uncertainly oriented pulleys with bearing in different plate structures (often being shaken in the fields) as well as alignment adjustment inaccuracies jeopardize the reliability of the parameters of the drive. Furthermore, the efficiency is determined by several factors together: the slippage occurring during drive transmission, the hysteresis loss resulting from the external and internal friction occurring with the belt entering and exiting the pulley. Experimental equipment and calculation methods were developed to determine the dynamics of temperature increase generated by the belt and pulley relationship. The temperature generated in the V-belt was measured as a function of pretension, pulley diameter and bending frequency. The so-called damping factor characterizing the contact with the pulley (the external friction when entering and exiting the groove) and the hysteresis loss (inner friction) are also determined. On the basis of the damping factor (ζ400 Ns/m2) of the V-belt involved in the experiments the other losses (Poth) occurring from the pulley—V-belt contact and internal friction may be estimated. The drive parameters may be optimized with the mathematical model describing the effect of the pulley diameter and belt frequency on the increase in temperature.

A standardized calculation method as well as design factors valid for the properly adjusted drive and normal operating conditions determined through empirical and laboratory experiments are used for the sizing of V-belt drives. The lifetime of V-belt drives designed in this way, used in extreme conditions typical of agricultural machinery will not be appropriate and will not provide clear, predictable information for maintenance planning. In such cases the results of our own many lifetime tests conducted in the given circumstances can be safely relied on.

The agricultural harvesting machines are large plate-body self-propelled structures on which most of the power supply of the (threshing, cleaning, moving, etc.) machine units handling the crop is realized via belt drives. The distance and angular displacement of the axes involved in the drive can vary within wide limits. The misalignment and angular displacement of the pulleys can be the result of installation instability — due to the plate structure — and the deformation of the plate structure occurring during the operation as well. V-belt drives operate satisfactorily under such conditions as well, however these faults are unfavourable in terms of belt lifetime and result in the reduction of drive efficiency.

A further aim of our research is to examine through experiments the lifetime and efficiency of V-belts used in agricultural machines as a function of drive adjustment errors. According to the results of the measurements of the geometrical adjustment errors of V-belt drives performed in the field, the pulleys of agricultural equipment are not always positioned in the medium plane of the drive. In our experiments these data served as independent variables. Figure 1 shows the arrangement of a V-belt drive in a grain harvester with the laser pulley alignment measuring instrument installed as an accessory. In the case of many machine types in 80% of the tested drives three times the permissible error was measured, and because of off-road use, due to dynamic load these errors further increased as a result of the frame deformation.

The results of both the belt bending testing and the geometrical adjustment testing of the drive offer great help in the design of belt drives. At the same time they can be the source of lifetime and efficiency forecasts.

  • [1]

    L. Bertini, L. Carmignani, F. Frendo, Analytical model for the power losses in rubber V-belt continuously variable transmission (CVT), Mechanism and Machine Theory, 78 (2014), pp. 289306.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [2]

    H. Belofsky, On the theory of power transmission by V-belts, Wear, 39 (1976), pp. 263275.

  • [3]

    C G. Cepon, L. Manin, M. Boltezar, Introduction of damping into the flexible multibody belt-drive model: A numerical and experimental investigation, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 324 (2009), 283296.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [4]

    T.F. Chen, D.W. Lee, C.K. Sung, An experimental study on transmission efficiency of a rubber V-Belt CVT, Mechanism and Machine Theory, 33 (1998), pp. 351363.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [5]

    T.F. Chen, C.K. Sung, Design considerations for improving transmission efficiency of the rubber V-belt CVT, Int. J. of Vehicle Design, 24 (2000), pp. 320333.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [6]

    W.D. Erickson (1987), Belt selection and application for engineers, Marcel Dekker, ISBN 0-8247-7353-5

  • [7]

    P. Gárdonyi, L. Kátai, I. Szabó, A hajtás beállítási hiba és az ékszíjak melegedési viszonyainak kapcsolata, A Gépipari Tudományos Egyesület Muszaki Folyóirata, LXV (2014), pp. 151154.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [8]

    P. Gárdonyi, L. Kátai, I. Szabó, Az ékszíjtárcsa átmérok és az ékszíjak melegedési viszonyainak kapcsolata, Fiatal Muszakiak Tudományos ülésszaka, XX, (2015), pp. 2629.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [9]

    B.G. Gerbert, Force and slip behaviour in V-belt drives, Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica. Mechanical Engineering Series, 67, (1972).

  • [10]

    B.G. Gerbert, Power loss and optimum tensioning of V-belt drives, Journal of Engineering Industry Trans. ASME, 96 (1974), pp. 877885.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [11]

    B.G. Gerbert, Belt slip — a unified approach, Journal of Mech. Des., 118 (1996), pp. 432438.

  • [12]

    K.J. Gervas, and B.A. Pronin, Calculation of power losses in belt drives, Russian Engineering Journal, 47 (1967), p. 26.

  • [13]

    K.J. Gervas, Determining the power losses in V-belt drives during flexure, Soviet Rubber Technology, 28 (1969), p. 42.

  • [14]

    L. Kátai, I. Szabó, P. Gárdonyi, Az ékszíjak melegedés viszonyainak vizsgálata, A Gépipari Tudományos Egyesület Muszaki Folyóirata, LXIV (2013), pp. 5861.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [15]

    L. Mani, G. Michon, D. Remond, R. Dufour, From transmission error measurement to pulley–belt slip determination in serpentine belt drives: Influence of tensioner and belt characteristics, Mechanism and Machine Theory 44 (2009), pp. 813821.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [16]

    J. Moon, J.A. Wickert, (1999), Radial boundary vibration of misaligned v-belt drives, Journal of Sound and vibration, 225 (1999), pp. 527541.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [17]

    L.D. Pietra, F. Timpone, Tension in a flat belt transmission: Experimental investigation, Mechanism and Machine Theory, 70 (2013), pp. 129156.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [18]

    F. Safranyik, A. Csatár, A. Varga (2015), Experimental method for examination of state dependent friction, Progress in Agricultural Sciences, 11 (2015), pp. 2949.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [19]

    F.H. Schafer (2007), Antriebsriemen. Arntz Optibelt Gruppe Höxter, ISBN 978-3-00- 0217113-5.

  • [20]

    J. Sváb (1973), Biometriai módszerek a kutatásban, Mezogazdasági Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 390397.

  • [21]

    C. Zhu, H. Kiu, J. Tian , Q. Xiao, X. Du, Experimental investigation on the efficiency of the pulley-drive CVT, International Journal of Automotive Technology, 11 (2014), pp. 257261.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Collapse
  • Expand

 

 

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.

 

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Felföldi, József

Chair of the Editorial Board Szendrő, Péter

Editorial Board

  • Beke, János (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineerin, Gödöllő – Hungary)
  • Fenyvesi, László (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gödöllő – Hungary)
  • Szendrő, Péter (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gödöllő – Hungary)
  • Felföldi, József (Szent István University, Faculty of Food Science, Budapest – Hungary)

 

Advisory Board

  • De Baerdemaeker, Josse (KU Leuven, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Leuven - Belgium)
  • Funk, David B. (United States Department of Agriculture | USDA • Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA), Kansas City – USA
  • Geyer, Martin (Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy (ATB), Department of Horticultural Engineering, Potsdam - Germany)
  • Janik, József (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gödöllő – Hungary)
  • Kutzbach, Heinz D. (Institut für Agrartechnik, Fg. Grundlagen der Agrartechnik, Universität Hohenheim – Germany)
  • Mizrach, Amos (Institute of Agricultural Engineering. ARO, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan – Israel)
  • Neményi, Miklós (Széchenyi University, Department of Biosystems and Food Engineering, Győr – Hungary)
  • Schulze-Lammers, Peter (University of Bonn, Institute of Agricultural Engineering (ILT), Bonn – Germany)
  • Sitkei, György (University of Sopron, Institute of Wood Engineering, Sopron – Hungary)
  • Sun, Da-Wen (University College Dublin, School of Biosystems and Food Engineering, Agriculture and Food Science, Dublin – Ireland)
  • Tóth, László (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gödöllő – Hungary)

Prof. Felföldi, József
Institute: MATE - Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Institute of Food Science and Technology, Department of Measurements and Process Control
Address: 1118 Budapest Somlói út 14-16
E-mail: felfoldi.jozsef@uni-mate.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • CABI
  • ERIH PLUS
  • SCOPUS

2022  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
9
Scimago
Journal Rank
0.191
Scimago Quartile Score

Environmental Engineering (Q4)
Industrial Manufacturing Engineering (Q3)
Mechanical Engineering (Q3)

Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1.1
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
General Agricultural and Biological Sciences 141/213 (34th PCTL)
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 104/147 (29th PCTL)
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering 261/355 (26th PCTL)
Mechanical Engineering 494/631 (21st PCTL)
Environmental Engineering 145/184 (21st PCTL)
 
Scopus
SNIP
0.222

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
8
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,141
Scimago Quartile Score Environmental Engineering (Q4)
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering (Q4)
Mechanical Engineering (Q4)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
0,8
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering 261/338 (Q4)
Environmental Engineering 138/173 (Q4)
Mechanical Engineering 495/601 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,381

2020  
Scimago
H-index
8
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,197
Scimago
Quartile Score
Environmental Engineering Q4
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Q3
Mechanical Engineering Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
33/69=0,5
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Environmental Engineering 126/146 (Q4)
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering 269/336 (Q3)
Mechanical Engineering 512/596 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,211
Scopus
Cites
53
Scopus
Documents
41
Days from submission to acceptance 122
Days from acceptance to publication 40
Acceptance rate 86%

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
6
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,123
Scimago
Quartile Score
Environmental Engineering Q4
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Q4
Mechanical Engineering Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
18/33=0,5
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Environmental Engineering 108/132 (Q4)
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering 242/340 (Q3)
Mechanical Engineering 481/585 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,211
Scopus
Cites
13
Scopus
Documents
5

 

Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Article Processing Charge 900 EUR/article
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2023 Online subsscription: 152 EUR / 185 USD
Print + online subscription: 177 EUR / 215 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles can be purchased at the prices indicated.

Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
2004
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
1
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1786-335X (Print)
ISSN 1787-0321 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Dec 2023 74 3 1
Jan 2024 39 47 0
Feb 2024 43 12 0
Mar 2024 118 0 0
Apr 2024 38 1 1
May 2024 15 0 0
Jun 2024 0 0 0