View More View Less
  • 1 Universidade do Algarve Ceot — Centro de Electrónica, Optoelectrónica e Telecomunicações Campus de Gambelas 8005-139 Faro Portugal
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $173.00

A simple model of light diffuse reflectance in thin skin fruits is presented. The model is based in a semi-infinite two-layer geometry (skin and flesh) and introduces simplifications due to the fact that the first layer is very thin. The flesh is described in terms of the usual reduced scattering and absorption coefficients µs′ and µa but the skin is modeled by simple reflection (R), absorption (A) and transmission (T) coefficients. The problem of diffuse reflectance is thus reduced to the problem of determining the four constants µs′, µa, R and T. It is shown that the problem can be solved by using absolute reflectance and spatially resolved reflectance measurements simultaneously. The coefficients µs′ and µa are determined by the usual fit of the diffuse reflectance profile (photons re-emitted from the flesh far from the incidence point) to the diffusion approximation. The coefficients R and T are determined by a second fit involving the total reflectance profile (photons reemitted both from skin and flesh), the incident beam profile and the diffuse reflectance profile calculated according to the previously determined values of µs′ and µa. The anisotropy of the light re-emitted by the fruit can also be roughly compared with the Lambertian expected behavior. In order to test the model we have followed a population of 22 ‘Rocha’ pears along a period of two weeks. We have then performed the population averages along the time and checked the plausibility of the values obtained for µs′, µa, R and T according to the expected fruit physiological changes along ripening. The results show that all parameters are physically acceptable and evolve in time according to the expected fruit ripening physiology.

  • Abbott, J. A. (1999) Quality measurement of fruits and vegetables, Postharvest Biology and Technology 15: 207–225.

    Abbott J. A. , 'Quality measurement of fruits and vegetables ' (1999 ) 15 Postharvest Biology and Technology : 207 -225.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Baranyai, L. and Zude, M. (2008) Analysis of laser light migration in apple tissue by Monte Carlo simulation. Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences 4: 45–59.

    Zude M. , 'Analysis of laser light migration in apple tissue by Monte Carlo simulation ' (2008 ) 4 Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences : 45 -59.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Baranyai, L. and Zude, M. (2009) Analysis of laser light propagation in kiwifruit using backscattering imaging and Monte Carlo simulation. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 69: 33–39.

    Zude M. , 'Analysis of laser light propagation in kiwifruit using backscattering imaging and Monte Carlo simulation ' (2009 ) 69 Computers and Electronics in Agriculture : 33 -39.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bargel, H., Koch, K., Cerman, Z. and Neinhuis, C. (2006) Structure-function relationships of the plant cuticle and cuticular waxes — a smart material? Functional Plant Biology 33: 893–910.

    Neinhuis C. , 'Structure-function relationships of the plant cuticle and cuticular waxes — a smart material? ' (2006 ) 33 Functional Plant Biology : 893 -910.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Becker, M., Kerstiens, G. and Schönherr, J. (1986) Water permeability of plant cuticles: permeance, diffusion and partition coefficient. Trees — Structure and Function 1: 54–60.

    Schönherr J. , 'Water permeability of plant cuticles: permeance, diffusion and partition coefficient ' (1986 ) 1 Trees — Structure and Function : 54 -60.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Benavente, J., Ramos-Barrado, J. R. and Heredia, A. (1998) A study of the electrical behaviour of isolated tomato cuticular membranes and cutin by impedance spectroscopy measurements. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects: 333–338.

  • Bowes, B. G. (1997) A Colour Atlas of Plant Structure. Manson Publishing Ltd., London, England, pp. 145–172.

    Bowes B. G. , '', in A Colour Atlas of Plant Structure , (1997 ) -.

  • Bigio, I. J. and Mourant, J. R. (1997) Ultraviolet and visible spectroscopies for tissue diagnostics: fluorescence spectroscopy and elastic-scattering spectroscopy. Physics in Medicine and Biology 42: 803–814.

    Mourant J. R. , 'Ultraviolet and visible spectroscopies for tissue diagnostics: fluorescence spectroscopy and elastic-scattering spectroscopy ' (1997 ) 42 Physics in Medicine and Biology : 803 -814.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buda, G. J., Isaacson, T., Matas, A. J., Paolillo, D. J. and Rose, J. K. C. (2009) Threedimensional imaging of plant cuticle architecture using confocal scanning laser microscopy. Plant Journal 60:378–385.

    Rose J. K. C. , 'Threedimensional imaging of plant cuticle architecture using confocal scanning laser microscopy ' (2009 ) 60 Plant Journal : 378 -385.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cavaco, A.M., Pinto, P., Antunes, M. D., Silva, J. M. and Guerra, R. (2009) ’Rocha’ pear firmness predicted by a Vis/NIR segmented model. Postharvest Biology and Technology 51: 311–319.

    Guerra R. , 'Rocha’ pear firmness predicted by a Vis/NIR segmented model ' (2009 ) 51 Postharvest Biology and Technology : 311 -319.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cavaco, A. M., Antunes, M. D., Silva, J. M. and Guerra, R. (2010) A preliminary approach to the prediction of ‘Rocha’ pear skin pigments by Vis/NIR reflectance spectroscopy. Acta Horticulturae 858: 373–377.

    Guerra R. , 'A preliminary approach to the prediction of ‘Rocha’ pear skin pigments by Vis/NIR reflectance spectroscopy ' (2010 ) 858 Acta Horticulturae : 373 -377.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cen, H. and Lu, R. (2009) Quantification of the optical properties of two-layer turbid materials using a hyperspectral imaging-based spatially resolved technique. Applied Optics 48: 5612–5623.

    Lu R. , 'Quantification of the optical properties of two-layer turbid materials using a hyperspectral imaging-based spatially resolved technique ' (2009 ) 48 Applied Optics : 5612 -5623.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cheong, W.-F., Prahl, S. A. and Welch, A. J. (1990) A review of the optical properties of biological tissues. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 26: 2166–2185.

    Welch A. J. , 'A review of the optical properties of biological tissues ' (1990 ) 26 IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics : 2166 -2185.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Contini, D., Martelli, F. and Zaccanti, G. (1997) Photon migration through a turbid slab described by a model based on diffusion approximation. I. Theory. Applied Optics 36: 4587–4599.

    Zaccanti G. , 'Photon migration through a turbid slab described by a model based on diffusion approximation. I. Theory ' (1997 ) 36 Applied Optics : 4587 -4599.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Curry, E. A. (2005) Ultrastructure of epicuticular wax aggregates during fruit development in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 80: 668–676.

    Curry E. A. , 'Ultrastructure of epicuticular wax aggregates during fruit development in apple (Malus domestica Borkh ' (2005 ) 80 Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology : 668 -676.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • De Ketelaere, B., Stulens, J., Lammertyn, J., Cuong, N. V. and De Baerdemaeker, J. (2006) A methodological approach for the identification and quantification of sources of biological variance in postharvest research. Postharvest Biology and Technology 39: 1–9.

    Baerdemaeker J. , 'A methodological approach for the identification and quantification of sources of biological variance in postharvest research ' (2006 ) 39 Postharvest Biology and Technology : 1 -9.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Farrel, T. J., Patterson, M. S. and Wilson, B. (1992) A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the non-invasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo. Medical Physics 19: 879–1121.

    Wilson B. , 'A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the non-invasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo ' (1992 ) 19 Medical Physics : 879 -1121.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fonseca, S., Hackler Jr., L., Zvara, A., Ferreira, S., Balde, A., Dudits, D., Pais, M.S. and Puskas, L.G. (2004) Monitoring gene expression along pear fruit development, ripening and senescence using cDNA microarrays. Plant Science 167: 457–469.

    Puskas L.G. , 'Monitoring gene expression along pear fruit development, ripening and senescence using cDNA microarrays ' (2004 ) 167 Plant Science : 457 -469.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fonseca, S., Monteiro, L., Barreiro, M.G. and Pais, M.S. (2005) Expression of genes encoding cell wall modifying enzymes is induced by cold storage and reflects changes in pear fruit texture. Journal of Experimental Botany 56: 2029–2036.

    Pais M.S. , 'Expression of genes encoding cell wall modifying enzymes is induced by cold storage and reflects changes in pear fruit texture ' (2005 ) 56 Journal of Experimental Botany : 2029 -2036.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Heredia, A. (2003) Biophysical and biochemical characteristics of cutin, a plant barrier biopolymer. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) — General Subjects 1620: 1–7.

    Heredia A. , 'Biophysical and biochemical characteristics of cutin, a plant barrier biopolymer ' (2003 ) 1620 Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) — General Subjects : 1 -7.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Homutová, I. and Blažek, J. (2006) Differences in fruit skin thickness between selected apple Malus domestica Borkh. cultivars assessed by histological and sensory methods. Horticultural Science (Prague) 33: 108–113.

    Blažek J. , 'Differences in fruit skin thickness between selected apple Malus domestica Borkh. cultivars assessed by histological and sensory methods ' (2006 ) 33 Horticultural Science (Prague) : 108 -113.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Graça, J. and Lamosa, P. (2010) Linear and Branched Poly(ω-hydroxyacid) Esters in Plant Cutins. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 58: 9666–9674.

    Lamosa P. , 'Linear and Branched Poly(ω-hydroxyacid) Esters in Plant Cutins ' (2010 ) 58 Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry : 9666 -9674.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kienle, A., Patterson, M. S., Dognitz, N., Bays, R., Wagnieres, G. and van den Bergh, H. (1998) Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of two-layered turbid media. Applied Optics: 37: 779–791.

    Bergh H. , 'Noninvasive determination of the optical properties of two-layered turbid media ' (1998 ) 37 Applied Optics : 779 -791.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kovács, E., Kovács, J., Zackel, E. and Genova, J. (1994) Structural and Chemical Changes of Pear Skin. Acta Horticulturae 368: 243–250.

    Genova J. , 'Structural and Chemical Changes of Pear Skin ' (1994 ) 368 Acta Horticulturae : 243 -250.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kortüm, G. (1969) Reflectance Spectroscopy: Principles, Methods, Applications. Springer-Verlag, New York.

    Kortüm G. , '', in Reflectance Spectroscopy: Principles, Methods, Applications , (1969 ) -.

  • Lu, R. and Peng, Y. (2006) Hyperspectral scattering for assessing peach fruit firmness. Biosystems Engineering 93: 161–171.

    Peng Y. , 'Hyperspectral scattering for assessing peach fruit firmness ' (2006 ) 93 Biosystems Engineering : 161 -171.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • McGlone, V. A., Abe, H. and Kawano, S. (1997) Kiwifruit firmness by near infrared light scattering. Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy 5: 83–89.

    Kawano S. , 'Kiwifruit firmness by near infrared light scattering ' (1997 ) 5 Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy : 83 -89.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nawrath, C. (2006) Unraveling the complex network of cuticular structure and function. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 9: 281–287.

    Nawrath C. , 'Unraveling the complex network of cuticular structure and function ' (2006 ) 9 Current Opinion in Plant Biology : 281 -287.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nicolaï, B. M. (2007) Nondestructive measurement of fruit and vegetable quality by means of NIR spectroscopy: A review. Postharvest Biology and Technology 46: 99–118.

    Nicolaï B. M. , 'Nondestructive measurement of fruit and vegetable quality by means of NIR spectroscopy: A review ' (2007 ) 46 Postharvest Biology and Technology : 99 -118.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Oren, M. and Nayar, S. K. (1995) Generalization of the Lambertian model and implications for machine vision. International Journal of Computer Vision 14: 227–251.

    Nayar S. K. , 'Generalization of the Lambertian model and implications for machine vision ' (1995 ) 14 International Journal of Computer Vision : 227 -251.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Peirs, A., Lammertyn, J., Ooms, K. and Nicolaï, B. M. (2000) Prediction of the optimal picking date of different apple cultivars by means of VIS/NIR-spectroscopy Postharvest Biology and Technology 21: 189–199.

    Nicolaï B. M. , 'Prediction of the optimal picking date of different apple cultivars by means of VIS/NIR-spectroscopy ' (2000 ) 21 Postharvest Biology and Technology : 189 -199.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Qin, J. and Lu, R. (2008) Measurement of the optical properties of fruits and vegetables using spatially resolved hyperspectral diffuse reflectance imaging technique. Postharvest Biology and Technology 49: 355–365.

    Lu R. , 'Measurement of the optical properties of fruits and vegetables using spatially resolved hyperspectral diffuse reflectance imaging technique ' (2008 ) 49 Postharvest Biology and Technology : 355 -365.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Qing, Z., Ji, B, and Zude, M. (2008) Non-destructive analyses of apple quality parameters by means of laser-induced light backscattering imaging. Postharvest Biology and Technology 48: 215–222.

    Zude M. , 'Non-destructive analyses of apple quality parameters by means of laser-induced light backscattering imaging ' (2008 ) 48 Postharvest Biology and Technology : 215 -222.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Saeys, W., Velazco-Roa, M. A., Thennadil, S. N., Ramon, H. and Nicolaï, B. M. (2008) Optical properties of apple skin and flesh in the wavelength range from 350 to 2200 nm. Applied Optics 47: 908–919.

    Nicolaï B. M. , 'Optical properties of apple skin and flesh in the wavelength range from 350 to 2200 nm ' (2008 ) 47 Applied Optics : 908 -919.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Schotsmans, W., Verlinden, B.E., Lammertyn, J. and Nicolaï, B. M. (2004) The relationship between gas transport properties and the histology of apple. Journal of Science Food and Agriculture 84: 1131–1140.

    Nicolaï B. M. , 'The relationship between gas transport properties and the histology of apple ' (2004 ) 84 Journal of Science Food and Agriculture : 1131 -1140.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Veraverbeke, E. A., Lammertyn, J., Saevels, S., and Nicolaï, B. M. (2001a) Changes in chemical wax composition of three different apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) cultivars during storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology 23: 197–208.

    Nicolaï B. M. , 'Changes in chemical wax composition of three different apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) cultivars during storage ' (2001 ) 23 Postharvest Biology and Technology : 197 -208.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Veraverbeke, E. A., Van Bruaene, N., Van Oostveldt, P. and Nicolaï, B. M. (2001b) Nondestructive analysis of the wax layer of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) by means of confocal laser scanning microscopy. Planta 213: 525–533.

    Nicolaï B. M. , 'Nondestructive analysis of the wax layer of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) by means of confocal laser scanning microscopy ' (2001 ) 213 Planta : 525 -533.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wang, L. V. and Wu H.-I (2007) Biomedical Optics, Principles and Imaging. Wiley, Hoboken.

    Wu H.-I. , '', in Biomedical Optics, Principles and Imaging , (2007 ) -.

  • Ward, G. and Nussinovitch, A. (1996) Gloss properties and surface morphology relationships of fruits. Journal of Food Science 61: 973–977.

    Nussinovitch A. , 'Gloss properties and surface morphology relationships of fruits ' (1996 ) 61 Journal of Food Science : 973 -977.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wold, S., Sjöström, M. and Eriksson, L. (2001) PLS-regression: a basic tool of chemometrics. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems 58: 109–130.

    Eriksson L. , 'PLS-regression: a basic tool of chemometrics ' (2001 ) 58 Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems : 109 -130.

    • Search Google Scholar

 

 

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.

 

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Felföldi, József

Chair of the Editorial Board Szendrő, Péter

Editorial Board

  • Beke, János (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineerin, Gödöllő – Hungary)
  • Fenyvesi, László (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gödöllő – Hungary)
  • Szendrő, Péter (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gödöllő – Hungary)
  • Felföldi, József (Szent István University, Faculty of Food Science, Budapest – Hungary)

 

Advisory Board

  • De Baerdemaeker, Josse (KU Leuven, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Leuven - Belgium)
  • Funk, David B. (United States Department of Agriculture | USDA • Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA), Kansas City – USA
  • Geyer, Martin (Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy (ATB), Department of Horticultural Engineering, Potsdam - Germany)
  • Janik, József (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gödöllő – Hungary)
  • Kutzbach, Heinz D. (Institut für Agrartechnik, Fg. Grundlagen der Agrartechnik, Universität Hohenheim – Germany)
  • Mizrach, Amos (Institute of Agricultural Engineering. ARO, the Volcani Center, Bet Dagan – Israel)
  • Neményi, Miklós (Széchenyi University, Department of Biosystems and Food Engineering, Győr – Hungary)
  • Schulze-Lammers, Peter (University of Bonn, Institute of Agricultural Engineering (ILT), Bonn – Germany)
  • Sitkei, György (University of Sopron, Institute of Wood Engineering, Sopron – Hungary)
  • Sun, Da-Wen (University College Dublin, School of Biosystems and Food Engineering, Agriculture and Food Science, Dublin – Ireland)
  • Tóth, László (Szent István University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gödöllő – Hungary)

Prof. Felföldi, József
Institute: Physics-Control Department, Szent István University
Address: 1118 Budapest Somlói út 14-16
Phone: +36 1 305 7206
E-mail: Felfoldi.Jozsef@etk.szie.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • CABI

2020  
Scimago
H-index
8
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,197
Scimago
Quartile Score
Environmental Engineering Q4
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Q3
Mechanical Engineering Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
33/69=0,5
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Environmental Engineering 126/146 (Q4)
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering 269/336 (Q3)
Mechanical Engineering 512/596 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,211
Scopus
Cites
53
Scopus
Documents
41
Days from submission to acceptance 122
Days from acceptance to publication 40
Acceptance rate 86%

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
6
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,123
Scimago
Quartile Score
Environmental Engineering Q4
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Q4
Mechanical Engineering Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
18/33=0,5
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Environmental Engineering 108/132 (Q4)
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering 242/340 (Q3)
Mechanical Engineering 481/585 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,211
Scopus
Cites
13
Scopus
Documents
5

 

Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 900 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2021 Online subsscription: 145 EUR / 181 USD
Print + online subscription: 168 EUR / 210 USD
Subscription fee 2022 Online subsscription:  148 EUR / 185 USD
Print + online subscription: 172 EUR / 215 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles are sold on the displayed price.

Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
2004
Publication
Programme
2021 Volume 17
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
1
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1786-335X (Print)
ISSN 1787-0321 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
May 2021 1 0 0
Jun 2021 0 0 0
Jul 2021 2 0 0
Aug 2021 1 0 0
Sep 2021 3 0 0
Oct 2021 2 1 1
Nov 2021 0 0 0