The salvation role of Gretchen, embodying the “Ewig-Weibliche,” has already been mentioned by several scholars analyzing Liszt’s “Faust” Symphony. According to them, Liszt found the most direct models to the characterization of the female protagonist of his work in Wagner’s operas. This interpretation can be made more differentiated in the view of another musical quotation of the “Gretchen” movement of the Symphony. I would like to go further on the basis of some concrete musical analogies, following the genesis of the composition and Liszt’s writings. I seek to answer the following questions: How much is Goethe’s Gretchen preserved in Liszt’s work? What are the influences of Gretchen’s contemporary musical characterizations known by Liszt, related to his own work? Last but not least, what kind of connections do exist between the Gretchen of the “Faust” Symphony and the other female characters in Liszt’s works?
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Péter BOZÓ (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
Review Editor: Lynn HOOKER (Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA)
Martin ELEK (University of Oxford, Oxford, GB)
Belinda ROBINSON (University of Cambridge, GB)
Viktória OZSVÁRT (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
Patrick DEVINE (Maynooth University, Maynooth, IRL)
Anja BUNZEL (Institute of Art History, Czech Academy of Sciences, CZ)
William A. EVERETT (Conservatory University of Missouri-Kansas City, USA)
Márta GRABÓCZ (University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, F)
Denis HERLIN (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, F)
János KÁRPÁTI (professor emeritus, Liszt Academy of Music, Budapest, H)
Katalin KOMLÓS (professor emerita, Liszt Academy of Music, Budapest, H)
Valeria LUCENTINI (University of Bern, CH)
Tatjana MARKOVIĆ (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, A)
Pál RICHTER (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
László SOMFAI (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
László VIKÁRIUS (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
István Csaba NÉMETH (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
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2020 Volume 61
Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
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