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  • 1 University of Oulu, FI-90014 P.O. Box 7300, Oulu, Finland
  • 2 University of Oulu, FI-90014 P.O. Box 4300, Oulu, Finland
  • 3 Environmental Protection Unit, FI-90101 Oulu, P.O.Box 86
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Municipal solid waste management is a basic service that, in Finland, consists of collection, transportation and treatment systems provided by municipalities, waste management companies and producer responsibility organizations. The amount of municipal solid waste in Finland has risen quite steadily for many decades. In 2012, the recovery rate of municipal solid waste as material or energy was 67%. The Finnish Waste Act has been updated in 2012, with the key goal to further reduce waste amounts and progress recycling. The paper describes the best practices in strategic waste management planning and describes the organization of municipal solid waste in city of Oulu, Finland.

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