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  • 1 University of Mohamed Khider Biskra, Sidi-Okba road, Biskra 07000, Algeria
  • 2 University of Mohamed Khider Biskra, Sidi-Okba road, Biskra 07000, Algeria
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Abstract

This paper studies the presence effects of two or more adjacent structures on the tunnel responses and vice versa due to surface and underground traffic loads. The study is numerically carried out by using Finite element Plaxis2D software©. The obtained results demonstrate that the dynamical interaction between the tunnel and the structures is significantly influenced by varying the number and distance between the adjacent structures, the depth of the tunnel and the location of the traffic load. These results can be considered and used in realistic and practical cases and also to help build efficient and more comfortable construction projects.

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